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|Named Person:||Howard H Aiken; John V Atanasoff; Lowell Brown; Arnold A Cohen; John Coombs; John Hamilton Curtiss; E Stuart Eichert; Howard T Engstrom; James Forrestal; William R Keye; John W Mauchly; William C Norris; Mina Spiegel Rees|
|Document Type:||Archival Material|
|All Authors / Contributors:||
Seymour C Yuter
|Description:||23 linear ft.|
The first series documents the work done at Harvard University's Computation Laboratory between 1948 and 1955 under the direction of Howard Aiken. Included is a copy of Aiken's "Investigation for the Design of a Digital Calculating Machine," which describes the development of the Mark IV computer.
The discovery documents shed some light on the history of Engineering Research Associates, which has always been shrouded in secrecy because of the firm's involvement with the Navy's cryptographic program. The documents show that as early as 1943 the Navy recognized that the computer, with its ability to rapidly manipulate data streams, was a natural tool for encoding and decoding messages. The Navy's most successful wartime unit was led by Commander Howard T. Engstrom, in peacetime a professor of mathematics at Yale, and Lt. Commander William C. Norris, who had been a sales engineer for Westinghouse. After the War, Norris established ERA with the encouragement of Secretary of the Navy Forrestal, and it was soon the most advanced computer company in the world. It developed the ATLAS, the first stored-memory digital computer.
The development of the Atlas computer is documented in great detail, including a component-by-component chronology, weekly and monthly progress reports, correspondence, memoranda and engineering notebooks of key engineering personnel (Arnold Cohen, John Coombs, William Keye, and Lowell Brown). The records reflect the secrecy imposed by the Navy. The records include copies of ERA's contracts with the Office of Naval Research and correspondence with Dr. Mina Rees, head of the Mathematical Division at ONR, and John Curtiss, head of the Computing Division of the National Bureau of Standards. There are also copies of ERA reports on magnetic storage and MIT's Project Whirlwind.
Series III consists of other records collected during the discovery process. This file contains documentation on John Atanasoff's computer, the Harvard Mark IV, the ENIAC, BINAC, EDVAC and UNIVAC. Most of these documents were drawn from the suit of Honeywell, Inc. v. Sperry Rand but were entered as evidence by Technitrol's lawyers to raise questions about ERA's claim to the magnetic storage drum patent.
The prior art files contain documentation on Atanasoff's computer, the Harvard Mark IV, and Eckert-Mauchly's ENIAC and UNIVAC. There is also information on Rockwell International's Gun Direction and Minuteman computers, projects which applied the principles of automatic command and control first explored at ERA.
The court records include trial transcripts, briefs, affidavits, depositions, and related docments which trace the progress of the trial through the court.
- Aiken, Howard H. -- (Howard Hathaway), -- 1900-1973.
- Atanasoff, John V. -- (John Vincent)
- Brown, Lowell.
- Cohen, Arnold A.
- Coombs, John.
- Curtiss, John Hamilton, -- 1909-1977.
- Eichert, E. Stuart -- (Edwin Stuart), -- 1920-1976.
- Engstrom, Howard T. -- (Howard Theodore), -- 1902-1962.
- Forrestal, James, -- 1892-1949.
- Keye, William R., -- 1921-
- Mauchly, John W. -- (John William), -- 1907-1980.
- Norris, William C., -- 1911-2006.
- Rees, Mina Spiegel, -- 1902-
- American Airlines.
- Control Data Corporation.
- Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation (Philadelphia, Pa.)
- Engineering Research Associates.
- Harvard University. -- Computation Laboratory.
- Institute for Advanced Study (Princeton, N.J.)
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
- Moore School of Electrical Engineering.
- Northwest Airlines, inc.
- Raytheon Manufacturing Company.
- Rockwell International.
- Sperry Rand Corporation.
- Technitrol, Inc.
- United States. -- National Bureau of Standards.
- United States. -- Office of Naval Research.
- ABC (Computer).
- Airlines -- Reservation systems.
- ATLAS (Computer)
- Computer engineering.
- Computer industry -- United States.
- EDVAC (Computer).
- Electronic data processing.
- Electronic digital computers.
- ENIAC (Computer)
- Gun direction computer.
- Magnetic cores.
- Magnetic memory (Computers)
- Mark IV (Calculator).
- Minuteman (Computer).
- Project Goldberg.
- Project Whirlwind.
- Univac computer.
- Whirlwind computer.