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Short-run effects of job loss on health conditions, health insurance, and health care utilization

Author: Jessamyn Schaller; Ann Huff Stevens; National Bureau of Economic Research.
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : National Bureau of Economic Research, 2014.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 19884.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Job loss in the United States is associated with long-term reductions in income and long-term increases in mortality rates. This paper examines the short- to medium-term changes in health, health care access, and health care utilization after job loss that lead to these long-term effects. Using a sample with more than 9800 individual job losses and longitudinal data on a wide variety of health-related measures and  Read more...
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Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Jessamyn Schaller; Ann Huff Stevens; National Bureau of Economic Research.
OCLC Number: 870650955
Notes: Title from http://www.nber.org/papers/19884 viewed February 17, 2014.
"February 2014."
Description: 1 online resource (33 pages).
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 19884.
Responsibility: Jessamyn Schaller, Ann Huff Stevens.

Abstract:

Job loss in the United States is associated with long-term reductions in income and long-term increases in mortality rates. This paper examines the short- to medium-term changes in health, health care access, and health care utilization after job loss that lead to these long-term effects. Using a sample with more than 9800 individual job losses and longitudinal data on a wide variety of health-related measures and outcomes, we show that job loss results in worse self-reported health, including mental health, but is not associated with statistically significant increases in a variety of specific chronic conditions. Among the full sample of workers, we see reductions in insurance coverage, but little evidence of reductions in health care utilization after job loss. Among the subset of displaced workers for whom the lost job was their primary source of insurance we do see reductions in doctor's visits and prescription drug usage. These results suggest that access to health insurance and care may be an important part of the health effects of job loss for some workers. The pattern of results is also consistent with a significant role for stress in generating long-term health consequences after job loss.

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