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A shrinking society : post-demographic transition in Japan

Author: Toshihiko Hara
Publisher: Tokyo : Springer, [2014] ©2015
Series: SpringerBriefs in population studies., Population studies of Japan.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This is the book to focus on a new phenomenon emerging in the twenty-first century: the rapidly aging and decreasing population of a well-developed country, namely, Japan. The meaning of this phenomenon has been successfully clarified as the possible historical consequence of the demographic transition from high birth and death rates to low ones. Japan has entered the post-demographic transitional phase and will be  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Hara, Toshihiko.
A Shrinking Society : Post-Demographic Transition in Japan.
Tokyo : Springer Japan, ©2014
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Toshihiko Hara
ISBN: 9784431548102 4431548106
OCLC Number: 895661117
Description: 1 online resource (ix, 65 pages) : illustrations (some color).
Contents: Acknowledgments; Contents; 1.1 The Tōhoku Earthquake and Tsunami; Chapter-1; Introduction: The Demographic Impacts from the Great East Japan Earthquake; 1.2 The Demographic Impacts; 1.3 Comparing the Population Projections: Prefectures Level; 1.3.1 Total Population; 1.3.2 Population Aging; 1.4 Comparing the Population Projections: Cities Level; 1.4.1 Total Population; 1.4.2 Population Aging; 1.5 Impacts of the Great East Japan Earthquake; 1.6 About This Book; References; Chapter-2; Population Prospects in Japanese Society; 2.1 From Population Growth to Decline. 2.2 Changing Dependency Ratios as Indicators of Child/Elder Care Costs2.2.1 Actual Value of Demographic Care Cost (Dependency Ratio); 2.2.2 Minimum Value of Demographic Care Cost (NRR = 1.00, The Effect of Life Expectancy); 2.2.3 Optimal Value of Demographic Care Cost (NRR 1, The Effect of Fertility); 2.3 Depopulation at Sub-national Level: Shrinking Regions; 2.3.1 Population Decline at Sub-national Level; 2.3.2 Dependency Ratios at Sub-national Level; 2.3.3 Problems of the Shrinking Regions; 2.3.4 What means Depopulation at Sub-national Level?; References; Chapter-3. Demographic Transition and Child/Elderly Care Cost3.1 Optimal Care Cost and Net Reproduction Rate; 3.2 Historical Change of Optimal Care Cost Curves; 3.3 The Effects of Rising Longevity on Child/Elder Care Costs; 3.3.1 Female Life Expectancy and Child/Elder Care Costs; 3.3.2 Age-specific Mortalities (0 (3 age groups); 3.3.3 Women's survival rate at selected age; References; Chapter-4; Historical Process and Background of Fertility Decline in Japan; 4.1 Female Life Expectancy and Survival Rate of Women; 4.2 Fertility Effects of the Rising Survival Rate of Women at Reproductive Age. 4.3 Mean Number of Children Ever Born to Women4.4 Decreasing Number of Children; 4.5 Causal Model of Demographic Transition in Japan; 4.5.1 First Phase (Increase in Life Expectancy from Aged 40 to 70 Years); 4.5.2 Second Phase (Extension of Life Expectancy Beyond Aged 70 Years); 4.6 Conditions for Recovering the Replacement Fertility Level; References; Chapter-5; Sustainability of Japan as a Shrinking Society; 5.1 Increasing Conflicts on the Redistribution Between Different Social Groups; 5.2 Collapse of National Finances; 5.2.1 Increasing National Debt. 5.2.2 Demographic Impact on National Finances5.2.3 Redistribution Policies; 5.3 Social Security Reform; 5.3.1 Increasing Social Security Cost; 5.3.2 Necessary Changes to Sustainable Social Security System; 5.3.3 Expanding Life Time and the Role of Social Security Service; References; Chapter-6; Policy Measures for a Shrinking Society; 6.1 Family Policies for Recovering Replacement Fertility; 6.1.1 Social Responsibility for Reproduction; 6.1.2 Promotion of Gender Equality in Japan; 6.1.3 Family Policy Measures for the Social Reproduction; 6.1.4 Career Design for Next Generation.
Series Title: SpringerBriefs in population studies., Population studies of Japan.
Responsibility: Toshihiko Hara.

Abstract:

Finally, the historical relationships among women's survival rates at reproductive age, the theoretical fertility rate to maintain the replacement level and the recorded total fertility rate (TFR)  Read more...

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