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Silicon in agriculture

Author: L E Datnoff; George H Snyder; G H Korndörfer
Publisher: New York : Elsevier, 2001.
Series: Studies in plant science, 8.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 1st edView all editions and formats
Summary:
Presenting the first book to focus on the importance of silicon for plant health and soil productivity and on our current understanding of this element as it relates to agriculture. Long considered by plant physiologists as a non-essential element, or plant nutrient, silicon was the center of attention at the first international conference on Silicon in Agriculture, held in Florida in 1999. Ninety scientists,  Read more...
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: L E Datnoff; George H Snyder; G H Korndörfer
ISBN: 0444502629 9780444502629
OCLC Number: 46872264
Description: xx, 403 pages : illustrations (some color), color map ; 25 cm.
Contents: Cover --
Table of Contents --
Chapter 1. Silicon in plants: Facts vs. concepts --
1.1. Introduction --
1.2. The medium --
1.3. Roots in their medium: soil --
1.4. Silicon transport and biochemistry --
1.5. Silicon in plants: Facts vs. Concepts --
Chapter 2. Silicon as a beneficial element for crop plants --
2.1. Introduction --
2.2. Chemical property of silicon and silicification process in plants --
2.3. Characteristics of crop plants which require silicon as a beneficial element --
2.4. Beneficial effects of silicon under stress conditions --
2.5. Conclusion --
Chapter 3. Silicon transport at the cell and tissue level --
3.1. Introduction --
3.2. Silicic acid transport at the cell level --
3.3. Silicic acid transport at the tissue level --
3.4. Transport of xylem-delivered si(OH)4 in the shoot --
3.5. Conclusion --
Chapter 4. A primer on the aqueous chemistry of silicon --
4.1. Introduction --
4.2. Experimental techniques --
4.3. The chemistry of silicate solutions --
4.4. Silicon biochemistry --
Chapter 5. Silicon Deposition in Higher Plants --
5.1. Range of plant groups --
5.2. Phytolith morphology and plant organs --
5.3. Factors affecting silicification --
5.4. Characteristic silicates of various plant organs --
5.5. Recent studies --
5.6. Phytolith structure and deposition mechanisms --
5.7. Functions of plant silica --
Chapter 6. Silicon in horticultural crops grown in soilless culture --
6.1. Introduction --
6.2. Silicon content in horticultural crops --
6.3. Silicon in nutrient solutions --
6.4. Effects of silicon application on crops --
6.5. Dynamics in silicon uptake --
6.6. Conclusion --
Chapter 7. Effect of silicon on plant growth and crop yield --
7.1. General aspects of silicon in soils --
7.2. Silicon and rice --
7.3. Silicon and sugarcane --
7.4. Silicon and other crops --
7.5. In conclusion --
Chapter 8. Plant genotype, silicon concentration, and silicon-related responses --
8.1. Introduction --
8.2. Brief review of research on plant genotypic variability for silicon concentration --
8.3. Florida studies of silicon concentration in rice and sugarcane varieties --
8.4. Conclusion --
Chapter 9. Silicon and disease resistance in dicotyledons --
9.1. Introduction --
9.2. Mode of action of silicon in disease resistance: re- Evaluation of the mechanical barrier hypothesis --
9.3. Silicon: an active role? --
9.4. A new model for the mode of action of silicon --
9.5. Conclusion --
Chapter 10. The use of silicon for integrated disease management: reducing fungicide applications and enhancing host plant resistance --
10.1. Introduction --
10.2. Interaction of silicon and fungicides --
10.3. Silicon and host plant resistance --
10.4. Conclusion --
Chapter 11. Methods for silicon analysis in plants, soils, and fertilizers --
11.1. Introduction --
11.2. Total analysis --
11.3. Chemical.
Series Title: Studies in plant science, 8.
Responsibility: edited by L.E. Datnoff, G.H. Snyder, G.H. Korndörfer.
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Abstract:

Long considered by plant physiologists as a non-essential element, or plant nutrient, silicon was the center of attention at the first international conference on "Silicon in Agriculture", held in  Read more...

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   schema:description "Presenting the first book to focus on the importance of silicon for plant health and soil productivity and on our current understanding of this element as it relates to agriculture. Long considered by plant physiologists as a non-essential element, or plant nutrient, silicon was the center of attention at the first international conference on Silicon in Agriculture, held in Florida in 1999. Ninety scientists, growers, and producers of silicon fertilizer from 19 countries pondered a paradox in plant biology and crop science. They considered the element Si, second only to oxygen in quantity in soils, and absorbed by many plants in amounts roughly equivalent to those of such nutrients as sulfur or magnesium. Some species, including such staples as rice, may contain this element in amounts as great as or even greater than any other inorganic constituent. Compilations of the mineral composition of plants, however, and much of the plant physiological literature largely ignore this element. The participants in Silicon in Agriculture explored that extraordinary discrepancy between the silicon content of plants and that of the plant research enterprise. The participants, all of whom are active in agricultural science, with an emphasis on crop production, presented, and were presented with, a wealth of evidence that silicon plays a multitude of functions in the real world of plant life. Many soils in the humid tropics are low in plant available silicon, and the same condition holds in warm to hot humid areas elsewhere. Field experience, and experimentation even with nutrient solutions, reveals a multitude of functions of silicon in plant life. Resistance to disease is one, toleration of toxic metals such as aluminum, another. Silicon applications often minimize lodging of cereals (leaning over or even becoming prostrate), and often cause leaves to assume orientations more favorable for light interception. For some crops, rice and sugarcane in particular, spectacular yield responses to silicon application have been obtained. More recently, other crop species including orchids, daisies and yucca were reported to respond to silicon accumulation and plant growth/disease control. The culture solutions used for the hydroponic production of high-priced crops such as cucumbers and roses in many areas (The Netherlands for example) routinely included silicon, mainly for disease control. The biochemistry of silicon in plant cell walls, where most of it is located, is coming increasingly under scrutiny; the element may act as a crosslinking element between carbohydrate polymers. There is an increased conviction among scientists that the time is at hand to stop treating silicon as a plant biological nonentity. The element exists, and it matters."@en ;
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