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|Description:||vi, 157 pages music 25 cm|
|Contents:||Introduction : What is lyric diction? ; A general discussion of pronunciation and phonetics ; Classification of speech sounds ; English vowels ; French, German and Italian vowels ; How to practice : Body alignment ; Tongue exercises ; Training the ear --
I. The Italian vowels : Chart of Italian vowel sounds : The three front vowels; The three back vowels ; The low vowel. Characteristics and general remarks : Italian vowels are always strong ; Italian monophthongs prevail over diphthongs. The seven vowel sounds : The first front vowel ; The second front vowel ; The third front vowel ; The first back vowel ; The second back vowel ; The third back vowel ; The low vowel --
II. The Italian vowels in lyric diction : Introduction : The three phonetic vowels, a, i, u ; The two unphonetic vowels e and o ; The closing and opening of e and o, its significance and importance ; Three basic rules for the pronunciation of e and o in lyric diction ; The stress and words and the accents : The stress of words and the grave accent ; More on the grave accent ; The acute and circumflex accents. Additional rules for the pronunciation of e and o : The monosyllables, e, ed, è, eh, o, oh, ho, and the letters of the alphabet e and o ; The contractions del, della, etc. ; Apocopated words with stressed e or o ; More on final e and o ; Suffixes and verb endings with stressed e or o ; Stressed e and o in compound d words and in adverbs ending in -mente --
III. The consonants : Introduction and outline : Fundamental characteristics of Italian consonants : The basic tongue position ; Consonants in connected speech. Single and double consonants : Single consonants : Initial consonants ; Single consonants between vowels ; Single consonants followed by other consonants ; Final consonants. Double consonants : Single and double consonants compared ; Two double consonants within a word ; Italian double consonants compared to French and German ones. Vowel length in Italian lyric diction. The dental consonants l, n. d, t, r : The dentals and exercising the tongue : The dental l ; The dental n ; The dental d ; The dental t ; The dental r : The flipped and the rolled r ; How to learn to flip and roll an r ; Rules on the flipping and rolling of r. The voiceless plosives : The unaspirated ; The unaspirated ; The unaspirated. The voiced plosives : The fully voiced [b] ; The fully voiced [d] ; The fully voiced [g]. Voicing and unvoicing of s and z : The voiceless s ; The voiced s ; The voiceless z ; The voiced z. Dual pronunciation of c, g, and sc : Outline ; Discussion ; Chart for the pronunciation of c, g, and sc ; The silent i ; Words such as cielo, effigie, scienza ; Words such as lucia, bugia, fruscio ; The pronunciation of double c and double g. The prepalatal consonants ; The pronunciation of the letters, h, j, k, q, w, x, y --
IV. The semiconsonants : Definition and discussion ; Characteristics ; The semiconsonant [j] ; The semiconsonant [w] ; The three phonetic values of the letter i and the two phonetic values of the letter u ; Rule for identifying semiconsonants ; More on the semiconsonants : Pronunciation of qu + vowel and gu + vowel ; The semiconsonant [j] followed by the letter e ; The semiconsonant [w] followed by the letter o ; Three-letter words with and without semiconsonant ; Polysyllables ending with -io, -ia, -ie --
V. Diphthongs and triphthongs : The diphthongs : Definition and discussion ; Spelling : Falling diphthongs ; Rising diphthongs. The triphthongs --
VI. Syllabification --
VII. Words in context : Introduction : The dominant role of vowels in Italian : Numerical predominance of vowels ; Basic character of Italian vowels ; The length of Italian vowels. Basic aspect of the Italian context : The boundaries of words ; Staccato languages and the glottal stop ; The Italian legato. Phonetic changes resulting from the legato : Two or more vowels contiguous in the phrase sharing one note : Phrasal diphthongs ; Phrasal triphthongs ; Phrasal double diphthongs. Two consonants contiguous in the phrase ; A consonant-final preceding a vowel within the phrase: The phrasal doubling.