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Snow, ice and other wonders of water : a tribute to the hydrogen bond

Author: Ivar Olovsson
Publisher: Singapore ; Hackensack, NJ : World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., [2016] ©2016
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
"The book illustrates the fascinating world of the different forms of water — from ice and snow to liquid water. The water molecule, H2O, is the second most common molecule in the Universe (behind hydrogen, H2) and ice is the most abundant solid material. Snow and ice appear in a countless large number of different shapes and with properties which can be quite different. Detailed knowledge of the properties of snow  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Popular works
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
(DLC) 2015046021
(OCoLC)933863526
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Ivar Olovsson
ISBN: 9789814749374 9814749370
OCLC Number: 936538899
Description: 1 online resource.
Contents: Preface; 1. There are Many Different Types of Snow; 2. Early Snow Crystal Observations; 3. Artificial Snow Crystals; "Snow crystals" with seven and eight arms; Can you find two identical snow crystals?; Von Koch's snowflake; Ice patterns on windows; Twins, snowflakes and hail; Aging of snow; Formation of rain; Snow cannons; 4. Snow and Ice Crystals in Nature; Macro photos by Alexey Kljatov, Andrei Osokin and Don Komarechka; Thin film interference in ice crystals; 5. Snow for Pleasure and Art; Snow festival in Sapporo, Japan; Snow festival in Harbin, China Snow patterns by Simon Beck6. The Ice Surface and Formation of Ice Spikes; Ice spikes; The ice surface; Icebergs; Effect of ice melting on the sea level; Ice as aircraft carrier and Project Habakkuk; 7. Structure and Physical and Chemical Properties of Water and Ice; The water molecule; The structure of ordinary, hexagonal ice, Ih; The structure of other forms of ice; 8. Physical Properties of Water and Ice; Significance in Nature; Surface properties of ice and snow; The structure of liquid water; Models for the water structure; Polywater; 9. The Water Molecule is Unique; Reprints Olovsson, I. (2006) The role of the lone pairs in hydrogen bonding, Z. Phys. Chem. 220: 963-978.1. Introduction; 2. Early empirical studies of hydrogen-bond directionality; 3. General topological considerations; 4. The isolated water molecule and hexagonal ice Ih; 5. Other sp2- and sp3-hybridized oxygen atoms; 6. Effect of the environment on the electron density in the lone-pair region; 7. A critical analysis of geometry effects and lone-pair effects on the H-bond directionality for (H2O)2 and H2O --
OH-; 8. Conclusions; Acknowledgement; References Olovsson, I. (2006) Comparison of the proton transfer path in hydrogen bonds from theoretical potential energy surfaces and the concept of conservation of bond orders, Z. Phys. Chem. 220: 797-810.1. Introduction; 2. Reaction coordinates from theoretical potential energy surface, QMRC; 3. Reaction coordinates from bond orders, BORC; 3.1 System F-H --
F; 3.2 System O-H --
O; 3.3 System N-H --
N; 3.4 System Cl-H --
Cl; 3.5 Systems X-H --
Y; 3.6 Trimeric hydrogen, H-H --
H; 4. Comparison betweenQMRC and BORC; 4.1 Trimeric hydrogen, H-H --
H; 4.2 F-H --
F system; 4.3 O-H --
O system; 4.4 Cl-H --
Cl system 4.5 Other X-H --
Y bonds5. Conclusions; Acknowledgement; References; Name Index; Subject Index
Responsibility: Ivar Olovsson, University of Uppsala, Sweden.

Abstract:

The book illustrates the fascinating world of the different forms of water - from ice and snow to liquid water.  Read more...

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