Find a copy online
Links to this item
Find a copy in the library
Finding libraries that hold this item...
|Additional Physical Format:||Print version:
|Material Type:||Document, Internet resource|
|Document Type:||Internet Resource, Computer File|
|All Authors / Contributors:||
|Description:||1 online resource.|
|Contents:||Preface; 1. There are Many Different Types of Snow; 2. Early Snow Crystal Observations; 3. Artificial Snow Crystals; "Snow crystals" with seven and eight arms; Can you find two identical snow crystals?; Von Koch's snowflake; Ice patterns on windows; Twins, snowflakes and hail; Aging of snow; Formation of rain; Snow cannons; 4. Snow and Ice Crystals in Nature; Macro photos by Alexey Kljatov, Andrei Osokin and Don Komarechka; Thin film interference in ice crystals; 5. Snow for Pleasure and Art; Snow festival in Sapporo, Japan; Snow festival in Harbin, China Snow patterns by Simon Beck6. The Ice Surface and Formation of Ice Spikes; Ice spikes; The ice surface; Icebergs; Effect of ice melting on the sea level; Ice as aircraft carrier and Project Habakkuk; 7. Structure and Physical and Chemical Properties of Water and Ice; The water molecule; The structure of ordinary, hexagonal ice, Ih; The structure of other forms of ice; 8. Physical Properties of Water and Ice; Significance in Nature; Surface properties of ice and snow; The structure of liquid water; Models for the water structure; Polywater; 9. The Water Molecule is Unique; Reprints Olovsson, I. (2006) The role of the lone pairs in hydrogen bonding, Z. Phys. Chem. 220: 963-978.1. Introduction; 2. Early empirical studies of hydrogen-bond directionality; 3. General topological considerations; 4. The isolated water molecule and hexagonal ice Ih; 5. Other sp2- and sp3-hybridized oxygen atoms; 6. Effect of the environment on the electron density in the lone-pair region; 7. A critical analysis of geometry effects and lone-pair effects on the H-bond directionality for (H2O)2 and H2O --
OH-; 8. Conclusions; Acknowledgement; References Olovsson, I. (2006) Comparison of the proton transfer path in hydrogen bonds from theoretical potential energy surfaces and the concept of conservation of bond orders, Z. Phys. Chem. 220: 797-810.1. Introduction; 2. Reaction coordinates from theoretical potential energy surface, QMRC; 3. Reaction coordinates from bond orders, BORC; 3.1 System F-H --
F; 3.2 System O-H --
O; 3.3 System N-H --
N; 3.4 System Cl-H --
Cl; 3.5 Systems X-H --
Y; 3.6 Trimeric hydrogen, H-H --
H; 4. Comparison betweenQMRC and BORC; 4.1 Trimeric hydrogen, H-H --
H; 4.2 F-H --
F system; 4.3 O-H --
O system; 4.4 Cl-H --
Cl system 4.5 Other X-H --
Y bonds5. Conclusions; Acknowledgement; References; Name Index; Subject Index
|Responsibility:||Ivar Olovsson, University of Uppsala, Sweden.|
- Snow -- Popular works.
- Water -- Popular works.
- Ice crystals -- Popular works.
- Water chemistry -- Popular works.
- Hydrogen bonding -- Popular works.
- Phase transformations (Statistical physics) -- Popular works.
- SCIENCE / Earth Sciences / Geography
- SCIENCE / Earth Sciences / Geology
- Hydrogen bonding.
- Ice crystals.
- Phase transformations (Statistical physics)
- Water chemistry.