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The social philosophers: community and conflict in Western thought

Author: Robert A Nisbet
Publisher: New York, Crowell [1973]
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This essay in social and intellectual history advances the thesis that Western social philosophy arose during the disintegration of the ancient Greek and Roman communities and has been preoccupied ever since with the problem of community lost and community to be gained. As the author shows, Western ideas of moral authority, freedom, consensus, and personality take on their distinctive character as aspects of Western  Read more...
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Genre/Form: History
Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Nisbet, Robert A.
Social philosophers: community and conflict in Western thought.
New York, Crowell [1973]
(OCoLC)577628893
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Robert A Nisbet
ISBN: 0690744064 9780690744064 0690744056 9780690744057
OCLC Number: 495438
Description: xii, 466 pages illustrations 25 cm
Contents: 1: The military community. War and Western values ; The elements of the military community ; War and the fall of kinship ; War and the Greek polis : Cleisthenes ; The Augustan revolution : 27 b.c. ; The rise of Western feudalism ; Western warfare : Gemeinschaft to Gesellschaft ; Machiavelli and the art of war ; Grotius and the limitation of war ; The French Revolution and total war : Clausewitz ; War and communism : from Marx to Mao Tse-tung ; Cleisthenes and Mao --
2: The political community. Conflict and politics ; The elements of the political community ; The crisis of the polis ; Plato and the emergence of the political community ; The rise of the political intellectual ; The Romanization of the modern West : Machiavelli and Bodin ; Hobbes and Leviathan ; Rousseau and the general will --
3: The religious community. Religion and society ; The elements of the religious community ; Christianity, war, and politics ; The rise of universal religion ; Christianity and conflict ; Saint Augustine and the City of God ; The decline of religious community : Erasmus and Montaigne ; The revolt against religious community : Luther and Calvin ; The rediscovery of religious community --
4: The revolutionary community. Revolution and Western society ; The elements of the revolutionary community ; Premodern rebellion ; The French Revolution and the Jacobins ; Marx and the communist revolution ; Lenin and world revolutionism ; Sorel and the ethics of violence ; Fanon and the revolution of race ; Revolution and modern man --
5: The ecological community. Withdrawal and renewal ; The elements of the ecological community ; Western monasticism : Benedict of Nursia ; Sir Thomas More's Utopia ; Ecology as laissez-faire : the physiocrats and Adam Smith ; The milieu of modern anarchism ; Proudhon and mutualism ; Kropotkin and mutual aid --
6: The plural community. History and pluralism ; The elements of the plural community ; Aristotle : the revolt against Platonism ; Althusius and the rise of modern pluralism ; Conservative pluralism : Burke, Bonald, Hegel ; Liberal pluralism : Lamennais and Tocqueville ; A note on radical pluralism ; Sociological pluralism : Durkheim and Weber.
Responsibility: [by] Robert Nisbet.

Abstract:

This essay in social and intellectual history advances the thesis that Western social philosophy arose during the disintegration of the ancient Greek and Roman communities and has been preoccupied ever since with the problem of community lost and community to be gained. As the author shows, Western ideas of moral authority, freedom, consensus, and personality take on their distinctive character as aspects of Western man's search tor community. Six major types of community in Western life and thought are distinguished by Professor Nisbet: military, political, religious, revolutionary, ecological, and plural. Each of these is presented as a continuing current in Western history and as a vital context to the central ideas of social philosophy. From Plato and Aristotle down to such moderns as Marx, Tocqueville, Weber, Kropotkin, and Fanon we see the dominant ideas and perspectives of Western thought as responses to conflicts and crises--above all, to those affecting man's perennial quest for community.--From publisher description.

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