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Sociological implications of scientific publishing: Open access, science, society, democracy and the digital divide

著者: Herb, Ulrich
出版: Saarländische Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Zentrale Einrichtungen. Zentrale Verwaltung 2010
エディション/フォーマット:   ダウンロード可能な記事/論文 : English
出版:Zentrale Einrichtungen. Zentrale Verwaltung
データベース:WorldCat
概要:
Claims for open access are mostly underpinned with 1. science—related arguments (open access accelerates scientific communication); 2. financial arguments (open access relieves the serials crisis); 3. social arguments (open access reduces the digital divide); 4. democracy—related arguments (open access facilitates participation); and, 5. socio—political arguments (open access levels disparities). Using sociological  続きを読む
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ジャンル/形式: Article
資料の種類: インターネット資料
ドキュメントの種類: インターネットリソース, 記事
すべての著者/寄与者: Herb, Ulrich
OCLC No.: 697707150
言語注記: English
注記: application/pdf

概要:

Claims for open access are mostly underpinned with 1. science—related arguments (open access accelerates scientific communication); 2. financial arguments (open access relieves the serials crisis); 3. social arguments (open access reduces the digital divide); 4. democracy—related arguments (open access facilitates participation); and, 5. socio—political arguments (open access levels disparities). Using sociological concepts and notions, this article focuses strongly on Pierre Bourdieu';s theory of (scientific) capital and its implications for the acceptance of open access, Michel Foucault';s discourse analysis and the implications of open access for the concept of the digital divide. Bourdieu';s theory of capital implies that the acceptance of open access depends on the logic of power and the accumulation of scientific capital. It does not depend on slogans derived from hagiographic self—perceptions of science (e.g., the acceleration of scientific communication) and scientists (e.g., their will to share their information freely). According to Bourdieu';s theory, it is crucial for open access (and associated concepts like alternative impact metrics) to understand how scientists perceive its potential influence on existing processes of capital accumulation and how open access will affect their demand for status. Foucault';s discourse analysis suggests that open access may intensify disparities, scientocentrism and ethnocentrism. Additionally, several concepts from the philosophy of sciences (Popper, Kuhn, Feyerabend) and their implicit connection to the concept of open access are described in this paper.

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