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A soldier's story : from Ottoman rule to independent Iraq : the memoirs of Jafar Pasha Al-Askari (1885-1936)

Author: Jaʻfar ʻAskarī; William Facey; Najdat Fatḥī Ṣafwat
Publisher: London : Arabian Pub., 2003.
Edition/Format:   Print book : Biography : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"The Memoirs of Jafar Pasha Al-Askari shed a vivid light on the early days of Arab nationalism and on the creation of modern Iraq in the 1920s and 1930s, as experienced by one of the prime movers of Iraqi independence. They provide a timely reminder of the all but insuperable obstacles to be overcome in building an open Iraqi state, and add much fuel to the ongoing debate about the Arabs' quest to shape their own  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Biography
History
Additional Physical Format: Online version:
ʻAskarī, Jaʻfar, 1885-1936.
Soldier's story.
London : Arabian Pub., 2003
(OCoLC)705900606
Named Person: Jaʻfar ʻAskarī; Jaʻfar ʻAskarī
Material Type: Biography
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Jaʻfar ʻAskarī; William Facey; Najdat Fatḥī Ṣafwat
ISBN: 0954479203 9780954479206
OCLC Number: 53268023
Language Note: Translation of: Mudhakkirāt Jaʻfar al-ʻAskarī.
Description: xxvi, 294 pages, [32] pages of plates : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
Contents: Foreword / Omar Ziad Al-Askari --
Preface / Najdat Fathi Safwat --
Introduction / Najdat Fathi Safwat --
The Memoirs --
Coming of Age in the Ottoman Empire, 1897-1909 --
Departure from Mosul --
Journey to Constantinople and entry into Military College --
Corrupt Ottoman administration in Iraq The al-Qaseem Campaign, 1905 --
Return to Iraq --
Military Training in Germany, 1910-12 --
Berlin --
Regimental life in Karlsruhe --
On manoeuvres --
German social mores --
The Balkan Wars, 1912-13 --
The First Balkan War, 1912-13 --
The Second Balkan War, 1913 --
Gallipoli, 1914-15 --
The Sanusi Campaign, 1915-16 --
A perilous voyage --
In the Sanusi camp --
To Syria in search of funds and munitions --
Safe return to the Sanusi --
Attemps to raise the Sanusi in revolt against the British --
Onset of serious hostilities --
The Battle of Wadi Majid --
The pause --
The Bir Tunis engagement --
The Battle of 'Aqaqir --
Sayyid Ahmad Al-Sanusi and his tribesmen as I knew them --
Cairo 1916-17: A New Dawn --
Prisoner of war --
Meeting with Nuri Pasha Al-Said --
Escape attempt foiled --
A change of course --
Messenger of intrigue and suspicion --
Preparing to join the Arab Army --
The Arab Revolt, 1917-18 --
Joining Amir Faisal at al-Wajh --
Military conference in Wadi al-'Ais --
Jaidah and the raid on Zumurrud --
The move to 'Aqabah --
Order from chaos --
Occupation of Abu al-Assal and al-Muraighah --
Attack on Jardunah --
The siege of Maan --
Loyalties --
On leave in Egypt and a visit to the British lines --
Back to 'Aqabah.
Other Titles: Mudhakkirāt Jaʻfar al-ʻAskarī.
Responsibility: translated by Mustafa Tariq Al-Askari ; edited by William Facey and Najdat Fathi Safwat.
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Abstract:

Born in 1885, Jafar Pasha Al-Askari played a colourful part in the events that led to the collapse of the Ottoman Empire during the First World War, and in the foundation of modern Iraq in the 1920s  Read more...

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"One of the most interesting books on Iraq's early national history...Jafar Pasha's memoir is eloquent in its brevity and is prescient in addressing the problems of Iraq in 1932 and 2003." Judith S. Read more...

 
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   schema:reviewBody ""The Memoirs of Jafar Pasha Al-Askari shed a vivid light on the early days of Arab nationalism and on the creation of modern Iraq in the 1920s and 1930s, as experienced by one of the prime movers of Iraqi independence. They provide a timely reminder of the all but insuperable obstacles to be overcome in building an open Iraqi state, and add much fuel to the ongoing debate about the Arabs' quest to shape their own political destiny." "Born in Mosul in 1885, Jafar Al-Askari played a colourful part in the events that led to the collapse of the Ottoman Empire during the First World War. Physically large and courageous, with a sharp intellect, a talent for languages, and a jovial and commanding personality, he was sent for military training in Germany before the War, and was rapidly recognised by the Young Turks as a gifted military commander." "He was however also strongly drawn to the Arab nationalist ideas then current, and the consistent theme of his career was his intense Arab patriotism. As one of the youngest generals in the Ottoman Army, he led the Sanusi regular forces in Cyrenaica in 1915-16. His capture by the British and incarceration in Cairo led to an abortive - and comical - escape attempt, and also to cordial relations with various British officers, among them T.E. Lawrence. In Cairo he realised that the Arab cause might best be served by Sharif Hussain of Makkah's revolt against Ottoman rule, then getting under way with British support. He was released in March 1917 to take command of the Arab regular forces fighting under the Amir Faisal bin Hussain (later King Faisal I of Iraq) in the Hijaz." "Jafar describes his leading role in the Arab Revolt at length. His achievement was to shape and inspire an effective force of Arab regulars to form the core of Amir Faisal's army. Co-operating with Lawrence and the bedouin irregulars, they disrupted Turkish communications along the desert flank of Allenby's northward advance through Palestine. By the end of the War Jafar had accomplished the rare feat of having been decorated by both the Germans and the British." "In 1919, Faisal appointed Jafar Military Governor of Aleppo. He became one of the first members of the new Iraqi government under the British Mandate, and spent the remainder of his life serving his King and country as Prime Minister (twice), Minister of Defence (five times), and Iraqi Minister in London, where he also found time to be called to the Bar (at Gray's Inn)." "Jafar Pasha was assassinated outside Baghdad in 1936, on a doomed quest to forestall Iraq's first military coup." "He had not by then completed his Memoirs, which break off in 1919 at Aleppo. Material describing the remainder of his career is given in the Epilogue and Appendices. Jafar's Memoirs, published here in English for the first time, give a colourful demonstration of how much one gifted individual can achieve in a single lifetime, even one so tragically cut short."--Jacket." ;
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