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Solid state chemistry and its applications

Author: Anthony R West
Publisher: Chichester, West Sussex : John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2014.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : Second edition, student editionView all editions and formats
Summary:

Solid State Chemistry and Its Applications, 2nd Edition - Student Edition is a long-awaited revision of the bestselling introductory text, Basic Solid State Chemistry, 2nd edition, the classic text  Read more...

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Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Anthony R West
ISBN: 9781119942948 1119942942 9781118676240 1118676246
OCLC Number: 858039792
In: Online version ---> Solid state chemistry and its applications
Notes: Includes index.
Description: pages cm
Contents: Preface xv Chemistry Solid State Chemistry Materials Chemistry Materials Science and Engineering xvii Companion Website xxi CrystalViewer xxii Biography xxiii 1 Crystal Structures and Crystal Chemistry 1 1.1 Unit Cells and Crystal Systems 1 1.2 Symmetry 3 1.3 Symmetry and Choice of Unit Cell 10 1.4 Lattice, Bravais Lattice 11 1.5 Lattice Planes and Miller Indices 14 1.6 Indices of Directions 16 1.7 d-Spacing Formulae 17 1.8 Crystal Densities and Unit Cell Contents 17 1.9 Description of Crystal Structures 18 1.10 Close Packed Structures Cubic and Hexagonal Close Packing 19 1.11 Relationship Between Cubic Close Packed and Face Centred Cubic 21 1.12 Hexagonal Unit Cell and Close Packing 21 1.13 Density of Close Packed Structures 22 1.14 Unit Cell Projections and Atomic Coordinates 24 1.15 Materials That Can Be Described as Close Packed 25 1.16 Structures Built of Space-Filling Polyhedra 33 1.17 Some Important Structure Types 35 2 Crystal Defects, Non-Stoichiometry and Solid Solutions 83 2.1 Perfect and Imperfect Crystals 83 2.2 Types of Defect: Point Defects 84 2.3 Solid Solutions 95 2.4 Extended Defects 108 2.5 Dislocations and Mechanical Properties of Solids 111 3 Bonding in Solids 125 3.1 Overview: Ionic, Covalent, Metallic, van der Waals and Hydrogen Bonding in Solids 125 3.2 Ionic Bonding 126 3.3 Covalent Bonding 161 3.4 Metallic Bonding and Band Theory 173 3.5 Bands or Bonds: a Final Comment 185 4 Synthesis, Processing and Fabrication Methods 187 4.1 General Observations 187 4.2 Solid State Reaction or Shake n Bake Methods 187 4.3 Low Temperature or Chimie Douce Methods 196 4.4 Gas-Phase Methods 213 4.5 High-Pressure Methods 225 4.6 Crystal Growth 226 5 Crystallography and Diffraction Techniques 229 5.1 General Comments: Molecular and Non-Molecular Solids 229 5.2 Characterisation of Solids 231 5.3 X-Ray Diffraction 232 5.4 Electron Diffraction 265 5.5 Neutron Diffraction 266 6 Other Techniques: Microscopy, Spectroscopy, Thermal Analysis 271 6.1 Diffraction and Microscopic Techniques: What Do They Have in Common? 271 6.2 Optical and Electron Microscopy Techniques 272 6.3 Spectroscopic Techniques 291 6.4 Thermal Analysis (TA) 314 6.5 Strategy to Identify, Analyse and Characterise Unknown Solids 323 7 Phase Diagrams and Their Interpretation 325 7.1 The Phase Rule, the Condensed Phase Rule and Some Definitions 325 7.2 One-Component Systems 330 7.3 Two-Component Condensed Systems 333 7.4 Some Tips and Guidelines for Constructing Binary Phase Diagrams 355 8 Electrical Properties 359 8.1 Survey of Electrical Properties and Electrical Materials 359 8.2 Metallic Conductivity 361 8.3 Superconductivity 366 8.4 Semiconductivity 382 8.5 Ionic Conductivity 392 8.6 Dielectric Materials 430 8.7 Ferroelectrics 436 8.8 Pyroelectrics 441 8.9 Piezoelectrics 441 8.10 Applications of Ferro-, Pyro- and Piezoelectrics 441 9 Magnetic Properties 445 9.1 Physical Properties 445 9.2 Magnetic Materials, Their Structures and Properties 455 9.3 Applications: Structure Property Relations 464 9.4 Recent Developments 467 10 Optical Properties: Luminescence and Lasers 473 10.1 Visible Light and the Electromagnetic Spectrum 473 10.2 Sources of Light, Thermal Sources, Black Body Radiation and Electronic Transitions 473 10.3 Scattering Processes: Reflection, Diffraction and Interference 476 10.4 Luminescence and Phosphors 476 10.5 Configurational Coordinate Model 478 10.6 Some Phosphor Materials 480 10.7 Anti-Stokes Phosphors 481 10.8 Stimulated Emission, Amplification of Light and Lasers 482 10.9 Photodetectors 488 10.10 Fibre-Optics 490 10.11 Solar Cells 492 Further Reading 493 Appendix A: Interplanar Spacings and Unit Cell Volumes 505 Appendix B: Model Building 507 Appendix C: Geometrical Considerations in Crystal Chemistry 511 Appendix D: How to Recognise Close Packed (Eutactic) Structures 515 Appendix E: Positive and Negative Atomic Coordinates 517 Appendix F: The Elements and Some of Their Properties 519 Questions 525 Index
Responsibility: Anthony R. West.

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