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The sounds of language : an introduction to phonetics and phonology

Author: Elizabeth C Zsiga
Publisher: Malden, MA : Wiley-Blackwell, 2013.
Series: Linguistics in the world.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
The Sounds of Language is an introductory guide to the linguistic study of speech sounds, giving equal weight to both phonology and phonetics. Integrating these two disciplines allows students to appreciate the relationship of phonology and phonetics to each other, and to identify areas of overlap and mutual concern. Theoretically grounded, the book explores the range of data that any theory must account for, and  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Zsiga, Elizabeth C.
Sounds of language.
Hoboken : Wiley-Blackwell, ©2013
(DLC) 2012026660
(OCoLC)799024997
Print version:
Zsiga, Elizabeth C.
Sounds of language.
Hoboken : Wiley-Blackwell, ©2013
(OCoLC)799024997
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Elizabeth C Zsiga
ISBN: 9781118340530 1118340531 9781118340608 1118340604
OCLC Number: 828051243
Description: 1 online resource (xvii, 474 pages) : illustrations.
Contents: 1. The Vocal Tract --
2. Basics of Articulation --
3. A Tour of the Consonants --
4. A Map of the Vowels --
5. Anatomy, Physiology, and Gestural Coordination --
6. The Physics of Sound --
7. Looking at Speech --
8. Speech Analysis --
9. Hearing and Speech Perception --
10. Phonology 1 --
11. Phonotactics and Alternations --
12. What Is A Possible Language? --
13. Rules and Derivations in Generative Grammar --
14. Constraint-based Phonology --
15. Syllables and Prosodic Domains --
16. Stress --
17. Tone and Intonation --
18. Diachronic Change --
19. Variation --
20. Acquisition and Learning. 1. The Vocal Tract --
1.1. seeing the vocal tract: tools for speech research --
1.2. the parts of the vocal tract --
1.2.1. the sub-laryngeal vocal tract --
1.2.2. the larynx --
1.2.3. the supra-laryngeal vocal tract --
2. Basics of Articulation --
2.1. the dance of the articulators --
2.2. phonetic transcription --
2.3. the building blocks of speech --
2.3.1. airstream, larynx, and velum --
2.3.2. manner of articulation --
2.3.3. place of articulation for consonants --
2.3.4. vowels --
3. A Tour of the Consonants --
3.1. "exotic" sounds and the phonetic environment --
3.2. pulmonic consonants --
3.2.1. stops, nasals, and fricatives --
3.2.2. laterals, trills, taps, and other approximants --
3.2.3. contour and complex segments --
3.3. non-pulmonic consonants --
3.3.1. implosives --
3.3.2. ejectives --
3.3.3. clicks --
3.4. positional variation in English --
3.4.1. laryngeal configuration --
3.4.2. change in place --
3.4.3. change in manner --
3.4.4. other changes --
4. A Map of the Vowels --
4.1. the landscape --
4.2. cardinal vowels --
4.3. building inventories: dimensions of vowel quality --
4.3.1. height and backness --
4.3.2. tense/lax --
4.3.3. rounding --
4.3.4. central vowels --
4.3.5. contrasts among the low vowels --
4.4. nasality and voice quality --
4.5. length and diphthongs --
4.6. tone --
4.7. positional variants of the vowels of English --
5. Anatomy, Physiology, and Gestural Coordination --
5.1. anatomy and physiology of respiration --
5.2. anatomy and physiology of the larynx --
5.3. anatomy of the tongue and supra-laryngeal vocal tract --
5.3.1. the jaw --
5.3.2. the tongue --
5.3.3. the pharynx and velum --
5.3.4. the lips --
5.4. gestural coordination --
5.5. palatography --
6. The Physics of Sound --
6.1. what is sound? --
6.2. simple harmonic motion: a pendulum and a tuning fork --
6.3. adding sinusoids: complex waves --
6.4. sound propagation --
6.5. decibels --
6.6. resonance --
6.7. the vocal tract as a sound-producing device: source-filter theory --
7. Looking at Speech --
7.1. pre-digital speech --
7.2. digitization --
7.2.1. sampling --
7.2.2. quantization --
7.2.3. digital recording --
7.3. looking at waveforms --
7.4. spectra --
7.4.1. spectrum of the glottal source --
7.4.2. spectrum of a noise source --
7.4.3. spectra of vowels --
7.5. spectrograms --
8. Speech Analysis --
8.1. building sounds up --
8.1.1. sinusoids as circular motion --
8.1.2. harmonics: standing waves in a string --
8.1.3. formants: resonances of a tube of air --
8.1.4. calculating resonances for other vocal tract configurations --
8.2. breaking sounds down --
8.2.1. RMS amplitude --
8.2.2. autocorrelation pitch analysis --
8.2.3. Fourier analysis --
8.2.4. linear predictive coding --
9. Hearing and Speech Perception --
9.1. anatomy and physiology of the ear --
9.2. neuro-anatomy --
9.2.1. studying the brain --
9.2.2. primary auditory pathways --
9.3. speech perception --
9.3.1. non-linearity --
9.3.2. variability and invariance --
9.3.3. cue integration --
9.3.4. top-down processing --
9.3.5. units of perception --
10. Phonology 1 --
10.1. the necessity of abstraction --
10.2. contrast and predictability: phonemes and allophones --
10.2.1. defining the phoneme --
10.2.2. phonemic analysis --
10.3. some complicating factors --
10.3.1. is one allophone always "basic"? --
10.3.2. phonetic similarity and complementary distribution --
10.3.3. free variation --
10.3.4. positional neutralization --
10.4. Structuralism, Behaviorism, and the decline of phonemic analysis. 11. Phonotactics and Alternations --
11.1. phonotactic constraints --
11.1.1. actual words and possible words --
11.1.2. absolute and statistical generalizations --
11.1.3. borrowings --
11.2. analyzing alternations --
11.3. alternations: what to expect --
11.3.1. local assimilation --
11.3.2. long-distance assimilation --
11.3.3. coalescence --
11.3.4. dissimilation --
11.3.5. lenition and fortition --
11.3.6. epenthesis --
11.3.7. deletion --
11.3.8. lengthening and shortening --
11.3.9. metathesis --
11.3.10. morphological interactions --
12. What Is A Possible Language? --
12.1. introduction --
12.1.1. phonological universals --
12.1.2. why bother with formalism? --
12.1.3. some hypotheses --
12.2. distinctive features --
12.2.1. background --
12.2.2. major class and manner features --
12.2.3. laryngeal features --
12.2.4. major place distinctions --
12.2.5. subsidiary place distinctions --
12.2.6. features for vowels --
12.3. how have our hypotheses fared? --
13. Rules and Derivations in Generative Grammar --
13.1. generative grammars --
13.2. underlying representations --
13.3. writing rules --
13.3.1. SPE notation --
13.3.2. derivations --
13.3.3. rule complexity --
13.4. autosegmental representations and Feature Geometry --
13.4.1. autosegmental representations for tone --
13.4.2. autosegmental representations for other features --
13.4.3. Feature Geometry --
13.5. how have our hypotheses fared? --
14. Constraint-based Phonology --
14.1. constraints and rules in linguistic theory --
14.2. the basics of Optimality Theory --
14.2.1. Con --
14.2.2. Gen --
14.2.3. Eval --
14.3. example problem solving in OT --
14.3.1. vowel sequences in three languages --
14.3.2. nasal place assimilation --
14.3.3. Japanese /tu/ --
14.4. challenges and directions for --
15. Syllables and Prosodic Domains --
15.1. syllables --
15.1.1. does phonology need syllables? --
15.1.2. syllables and sonority --
15.1.3. syllable structure constraints 1: onsets and codas --
15.1.4. syllable structure constraints 2: moras and syllable weight --
15.2. the prosodic hierarchy --
15.2.1. the phonological word --
15.2.2. the phonological phrase --
16. Stress --
16.1. what is linguistic stress? --
16.2. cross-linguistic typology --
16.3. a feature for stress? --
16.4. metrical structure --
16.5. stress in English --
16.5.1. overview --
16.5.2. nouns --
16.5.3. verbs and adjectives --
16.5.4. words with affixes, and lexical phonology --
17. Tone and Intonation --
17.1. tone --
17.1.1. tone contrasts --
17.1.2. tonal representations --
17.1.3. tone alternations: the evidence from Africa and the Americas --
17.1.4. tone alternations: the evidence from Asia --
17.2. intonation --
17.2.1. what is intonation? --
17.2.2. intonational representations --
18. Diachronic Change --
18.1. languages change --
18.1.1. English in the last millennium --
18.1.2. types of sound change --
18.1.3. causes and effects --
18.2. historical reconstruction --
18.2.1. Proto-Indo-European --
18.2.2. Grimm's Law, Verner's Law, and the Neo-grammarian hypothesis --
18.2.3. limits to the tree model --
18.3. history of English --
18.3.1. Old English --
18.3.2. Middle English --
18.3.3. Modern English --
19. Variation --
19.1. variation by place --
19.1.1. what is a dialect? --
19.1.2. dialects of North American English --
19.1.3. dialects of British English --
19.1.4. Australia, New Zealand, South Africa --
19.1.5. World Englishes --
19.1.6. place and identity --
19.2. other sources of variation --
19.2.1. register --
19.2.2. socioeconomic distinctions --
19.2.3. ethnicity --
19.2.4. gender, age, sexuality --
19.2.5. variation and identity --
19.3. formalizing variation --
19.3.1. traditional sociolinguistic analyses --
19.3.2. traditional phonological analyses --
19.3.3. stochastic grammars --
20. Acquisition and Learning --
20.1. language acquisition and language learning --
20.2. child language acquisition: the data --
20.2.1. tools --
20.2.2. perception in the first year --
20.2.3. child language production --
20.3. theories of L1 acquisition --
20.3.1. innateness vs. environmental effects --
20.3.2. acquiring language-specific contrasts --
20.4. L2 learning --
20.4.1. tools --
20.4.2. L2 perception --
20.4.3. L2 production --
20.5. acquisition, learning, and linguistic theory.
Series Title: Linguistics in the world.
Responsibility: Elizabeth C. Zsiga.

Abstract:

The Sounds of Language is an introductory guide to the linguistic study of speech sounds, which provides uniquely balanced coverage of both phonology and phonetics. Features exercises and problem  Read more...

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