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Spanish Texas, 1519-1821

Author: Donald E Chipman
Publisher: Austin : University of Texas Press, 1992.
Edition/Format:   Book : State or province government publication : English : 1st edView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
Modern Texas, like Mexico to the south, traces its beginning to sixteenth-century encounters between Spaniards, Native American peoples, and a vast land unexplored by Europeans. Unlike Mexico, however, Texas eventually received the stamp of Anglo-American culture, so that Spanish contributions to present-day Texas tend to be obscured or even unknown. In this pathfinding study, Donald E. Chipman draws on archival and  Read more...
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Genre/Form: History
Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Chipman, Donald E.
Spanish Texas, 1519-1821.
Austin : University of Texas Press, 1992
(OCoLC)645909573
Material Type: Government publication, State or province government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Donald E Chipman
ISBN: 029277656X 9780292776562 0292776594 9780292776593
OCLC Number: 25411908
Description: xiii, 343 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm.
Contents: 1. Texas: The Land and the People --
2. Explorers and Conquistadors, 1519-1543 --
3. The Northward Advance toward Texas, 1543-1680 --
4. Rio Grande Settlement and the French Challenge, 1656-1689 --
5. International Rivalry and the East Texas Missions, 1689-1714 --
6. The Permanent Occupation of Texas, 1714-1722 --
7. Retrenchment, Islanders, and Indians, 1722-1746 --
8. Mission, Presidio, and Settlement Expansion, 1746-1762 --
9. Texas and the Changing International Scene, 1762-1783 --
10. Anglo-American Concerns and the Decline of Missions, 1783-1803 --
11. The Twilight of Spanish Texas, 1803-1821 --
12. The Legacies of Spanish Texas --
Appendix 1. Governors of Spanish Texas, 1691-1821 --
Appendix 2. Commandants General of the Provincias Internas, 1776-1821 --
Appendix 3. Viceroys of New Spain, 1535-1821.
Responsibility: Donald E. Chipman.
More information:

Abstract:

Modern Texas, like Mexico to the south, traces its beginning to sixteenth-century encounters between Spaniards, Native American peoples, and a vast land unexplored by Europeans. Unlike Mexico, however, Texas eventually received the stamp of Anglo-American culture, so that Spanish contributions to present-day Texas tend to be obscured or even unknown. In this pathfinding study, Donald E. Chipman draws on archival and secondary sources to write the story of Spain's three-hundred-year presence and continuing influence in the land that has become Texas. Chipman begins with the first European sighting of Texas shores in 1519. He goes on to chronicle the amazing eight-year (1528-1536) trek across much of southern Texas and northern Mexico that brought Cabeza de Vaca and three companions from a shipwreck near Galveston Island all the way to Mexico City. He records the exploits of Francisco Vazquez de Coronado and Luis Moscoso in the early 1540s and the subsequent 150-year hiatus in Spanish exploration in Texas. Chipman devotes much attention to the eighteenth century, a time of active Spanish colonization. He examines the role of missions, presidios, and civil settlements and discusses relations between the Spanish and other groups, including Native Americans, French explorers, and Anglo-Americans. Although Mexican independence ended the Spanish era in 1821, Chipman finds that Spain has left a substantial legacy in modern Texas. Ranching and its terminology sprang from Spanish vaqueros. Spanish precedents have shaped modern Texas law in the areas of judicial procedure, land and water law, and family law. Spanish influences abound in Texas art, architecture, music, and theater, not to mention the widely spoken Spanish language. And the Roman Catholic religion introduced by the Spaniards continues to have many adherents in Texas. In short, the rich history of Spain in Texas deserves to be widely known by "Texana buffs" and professional historians alike, and Spanish Texas, 1519-1821 is the one-volume source to consult.

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