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Spatial versus Social Mismatch : The Strength of Weak Ties

Author: Yves Zenou
Publisher: Bonn : IZA, 2011.
Series: IZA Discussion Paper, No. 5507; Discussion papers, No. 5507
Edition/Format:   eBook : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
The aim of this paper is to provide a new mechanism based on social interactions explaining why distance to jobs can have a negative impact on workers' labor-market outcomes, especially ethnic minorities. Building on Granovetter's idea that weak ties are superior to strong ties for providing support in getting a job, we develop a model in which workers who live far away from jobs tend to have less connections to  Read more...
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Details

Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Yves Zenou
OCLC Number: 703841641
Description: Text.
Series Title: IZA Discussion Paper, No. 5507; Discussion papers, No. 5507
Responsibility: Yves Zenou.

Abstract:

The aim of this paper is to provide a new mechanism based on social interactions explaining why distance to jobs can have a negative impact on workers' labor-market outcomes, especially ethnic minorities. Building on Granovetter's idea that weak ties are superior to strong ties for providing support in getting a job, we develop a model in which workers who live far away from jobs tend to have less connections to weak ties. Because of the lack of good public transportation in the US, it is costly (both in terms of time and money) to commute to business centers to meet other types of people who can provide other sources of information about jobs. If distant minority workers mainly rely on their strong ties, who are more likely to be unemployed, there is then little chance of escaping unemployment. It is therefore the separation in both the social and physical space that prevents ethnic minorities from finding a job.

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