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The Special Education Costs of Low Birthweight

Author: Hope Corman; Stephen Chaikind; National Bureau of Economic Research.
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : National Bureau of Economic Research, 1990.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. w3461.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This paper investigates the relationship between low birthweight, enrollment in special education and special education costs in the united states. we use the Child Health Supplement to the 1988 National Health Interview Survey, obtaining a sample of approximately 8,000 children aged 6 to 15 who are in school. For these children, we calculate the probability of attending special education, holding constant,  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Chaikind, Stephen.
Special education costs of low birthweight.
Cambridge, MA : National Bureau of Economic Research, [1990]
(OCoLC)22717138
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Hope Corman; Stephen Chaikind; National Bureau of Economic Research.
OCLC Number: 756571014
Description: 1 online resource.
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. w3461.
Responsibility: Stephen Chaikind, Hope Corman.

Abstract:

This paper investigates the relationship between low birthweight, enrollment in special education and special education costs in the united states. we use the Child Health Supplement to the 1988 National Health Interview Survey, obtaining a sample of approximately 8,000 children aged 6 to 15 who are in school. For these children, we calculate the probability of attending special education, holding constant, individual, family and regional variables. We find that children who weighed less than 2500 grams at birth are almost; fifty percent more likely to be enrolled in any type of special education than children who were of normal weight at birth. Since previous studies have found the incremental cost, of special education (1989-1990) to be $4,350 per student, this results in an incremental cost; of special education of $370.8 million (1989-1990) per year due to low birth weight, holding other characteristics constant, these costs, which were conservatively estimated, imply that previous studies, which considered only medical expenditures, substantially underestimate the full cost; of low birthweight.

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