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|Named Person:||J Presper Eckert; Grace Murray Hopper; John W Mauchly|
|Document Type:||Visual material|
|All Authors / Contributors:||Sperry Rand (Corporation). Univac Division.|
|Description:||ca. 19,800 photographic prints : b&w and col. ; 8 x 10 in. or smaller. ca. 600 negatives : col. ; 8 x 10 in. ca. 1,200 negatives : col. ; 5 x 7 in. ca. 1,700 negatives : b&w ; 5 x 7 in. ca. 14,100 negatives : b&w and col. ; 4 x 5 in. ca. 600 transparencies : col. ; 8 x 10 in. ca. 1,400 transparencies : col. ; 4 x 5 in. ca. 25,200 transparencies : col. ; 35 mm. ca. 950 slides : b&w and col. ; 35 mm. 1 album (ca. 30 photographic prints) ; 8 x 12 in. 7 scrapbooks (ca. 3,000 2 x 3 photographic prints) 2 scrapbooks ; 10.5 x 13.5 in. 1 scrapbook. 128 reels ; 16 mm. 361 videocassettes (U-matic) ; 1/2 in. 28 videocassettes (VHS) ; 1/2 in. 1 videocassette (beta) ; 1/2 in. 12 videoreels ; 2 in. 4 videoreels ; 1/2 in. 20 audio filmstrips.|
There is coverage of the early years of electronic computers, from the mid- 1940s to 1955, encompassing the formation of the Eckert Mauchly Computer Corporation and the development of the Univac brand under Remington Rand Inc. A series of negatives from the Eckert Mauchly Computer Corporation contains images of BINAC and Univac I, the first Univac model. These negatives include close up views of computer components, such as the memory system or circuit boards, as well as overall shots. Images of ENIAC, BINAC, and Univac I also exist in several historical files within the collection, and in negative files from the Remington Rand-Univac years. Of particular note, are a series of images of CBS television using a Univac computer to predict the 1952 presidential election.
In addition to views of computer systems, there are also a number of photographs of personnel and facilities from the mid- 1940s to 1955. Important persons shown include J. Presper Eckert, John Mauchly, and other members of the ENIAC team, as well as noted computer programming pioneer Grace Hopper; individuals are photographed in both candid shots and posed portraits. The collection also contains photographs of the Eckert Mauchly Computer Corporation building in Philadelphia, as well as the Remington Rand-Univac facility in northeast Philadelphia.
The bulk of the collection dates to the Sperry-Univac years, from 1955 to 1986, both the Philadelphia and St. Paul branches of the UNIVAC division, with a small amount of material from the Sperry Rand Research Center in Sudbury, Massachusetts, Univac manufacturing plants in Bristol, Tennessee and Salt Lake City, Utah, and various Univac offices across America. Two separate photographers' negative files contain thousands of images of Univac computer systems spanning three decades, including the Univac I series, 1100 series, 9000 series, series 90, solid state computers, real-time computers, military computers, the Univac 1050 developed for NASA's Apollo space program, the ATHENA missile guidance computer, Univac LARC, and the Sperry personal computer. Nearly every computer system developed by Univac is represented in this collection.
While computer systems make up the largest portion of the 1955-1986 material, the collection also contains views of Univac offices and plants throughout the United States, photographs of Univac training classes and public relations events, and portraits of important persons within the company. Of particular note are a number of Univac educational videos and slide shows, encompassing both training in the use of Univac systems and marketing training for Univac salespeople.
Finally, the collection holds a small amount of material from Sperry divisions outside of Univac, including Sperry Farragut Defense Systems, and Remington Rand office equipment.
- Eckert, J. Presper -- (John Presper), -- 1919-1995.
- Hopper, Grace Murray, -- 1906-1992.
- Mauchly, John W. -- (John William), -- 1907-1980.
- Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation (Philadelphia, Pa.)
- Engineering Research Associates.
- Project Apollo (U.S.)
- Remington Rand, Inc.
- Remington Rand, Inc. -- Eckert-Mauchly Division.
- Remington Rand, Inc. -- Univac Division.
- Sperry Corporation (1933-1955)
- Sperry Corporation (1933-1955). -- Aerospace Division.
- Sperry Corporation (1933-1955). -- Univac Division.
- Sperry Farragut Company.
- Sperry Rand Corporation.
- Sperry Rand Corporation. -- Military Division.
- Sperry Rand (Corporation). -- Univac Division.
- Sperry Rand Research Center (Sudbury, Mass.)
- Sperry Univac.
- Unisys Corporation.
- United States. -- Bureau of the Census.
- COBOL (Computer program language)
- Univac computer.
- Univac 1100 series (Computer)
- Computer hardware.
- Computer industry -- United States.
- Computers -- History.
- Electronic digital computers.
- Electronic data processing.
- Guided missile industries -- Tennessee -- Bristol.
- Magnetic cores.
- Magnetic memory (Computers)
- Office equipment and supplies industry.
- Punched card systems.
- Solid state electronics.
- Univac file computer.