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State and local politics : institutions and reform

Author: Todd Donovan; Christopher Z Mooney; Daniel A Smith
Publisher: Boston, MA : Wadsworth Cengage Learning, ©2011.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 2nd edView all editions and formats
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Todd Donovan; Christopher Z Mooney; Daniel A Smith
ISBN: 9780495802235 0495802239
OCLC Number: 463637912
Notes: Published in 2010.
Description: xx, 684 pages : color illustrations, color maps ; 25 cm
Contents: Chapter 1 Introduction to state and local politics --
State and local government : at your service all day, every day --
Government, politics, and public policy-definitions --
Differences in government, politics, and public policy-three examples --
Diversity across the states and communities --
The rules of the game have consequences : political institutions, state constitutions, and reform --
The political science of state and local government : using the comparative method --
Chapter 2 Federalism : state and local politics within a federal system --
What is federalism? --
Why federalism? America's founding --
The U.S. constitution and the historical development of federalism --
The ebb and flow (and gradual erosion) of federalism --
Creeping centralization : the political evolution of federal power --
Umpiring federalism : the U.S. Supreme Court --
Federalism in an age of terror and economic crisis --
Chapter 3 Participation, elections, and representation --
Introduction : Is all politics local? --
Forms of political participation --
Barriers to participation at the state and local levels --
Breaking down barriers to voter participation --
Voter choice in state and local elections --
Effects of voter participation on public policy --
Does participation make state and local policy more representative? --
Elections and representation --
Chapter 4 State and local direct democracy --
Institutions of direct democracy --
More responsible and more representative government? --
Populist origins of direct democracy --
Differences across initiative states --
Financing direct democracy campaings --
Dumber than chimps? Voting on ballot questions --
Direct democracy and electoral politics --
Direct democracy and minorities --
The Effects of direct democracy on public policy --
Assessments of direct democracy --
Chapter 5 Political parties --
Understnding political parties --
Regulating parties as quasi-public entities --
Party-in-the-electorate --
Party organization --
Party-in-government --
Parties take the initiative --
Whither third parties? --
Chapter 6 Interest groups --
Understanding interest groups --
Interest groups and their members --
Interest group techniques --
The dynamics of state interest group systems --
Interest group competition : who's got clout? --
Chapter 7 State legislatures --
State legislatures : The basics --
State legislative elections --
State legislators : who are they? --
The job of the state legislature --
The collective action problem --
Chapter 8 Governors and the state executive branch --
Gubernatorial elections --
Today's governors : who are they? --
The duties of the governor-manager, policy maker, and intergovernmental liaison --
The powers of the governor --
The governor in the state's political environment --
The state executive branch beyond the governor --
Chapter 9 The state court system --
The dimensions of the American legal system : federal and state courts and civil and criminal law --
The organization of state court systems --
Policy making in the courts --
Judicial selection --
Reform and the state courts --
Chapter 10 Fiscal policy --
Criteria for evaluating taxes --
Why do some places tax and spend more than others? --
Where does the money come from? Major sources of revenues --
Other revenue sources --
Fiscal federalism --
General funds versus non-general funds --
Adding it all up : variation in state revenue packages --
Who bears the burden of state and local taxes? --
When do taxes go up or down? --
What are the effects of taxes? --
The growth of state governments --
Where does the money go? Government spending --
Do state and local spending actually reflect what people want? --
Budgeting --
Chapter 11 The structure of local governments --
Forms of local government --
The rise of the urban Unitied States --
Urban party machines --
Who benefited from the machines? --
The urban reform movement --
Consequences of municipal reforms --
Chapter 12 The politics of place --
Introduction --
Land use : the key power of American counties and cities --
Metropolitan fragmentation --
Race and the rise of suburbs --
Regulating land use : zoning and eminent domain --
The enduring role of pro-growth forces in local politics --
Are we better off without zoning? --
State and regional planning alternatives --
Competition for local economic development --
The consequences of metropolitan fragmentation --
Regional and metropolitan government? --
Chapter 13 Morality polity --
What is morality policy? --
Unique features of morality policy politics --
Issue evolution : morality policy making over time --
Morality policy politics in the states and communities : two examples --
Chapter 14 Social welfare and health care policy --
America's poor --
Domestic policy making in a federal system --
Social welfare polocy --
Health care policy --
Chapter 15 education policy --
Issues evolution of education policy --
Organizational control and responsiveness of public schools --
Financing public education --
Experimenting with public education --
The federal role in Public education.
Responsibility: Todd Donovan, Christopher Z. Mooney, Daniel A. Smith.

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"Strengths [include] good use of current scholarship in the field; good coverage of not only relevant political institutions but also of policy issues; [and the] maps and tables throughout are Read more...

 
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