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|Additional Physical Format:||Online version:
Romanus, Charles F.
Stilwell's mission to China.
Washington, D.C. : Office of the Chief of Military History, Dept. of the Army, 1953
|Named Person:||Joseph Warren Stilwell|
|Material Type:||Government publication, National government publication, Internet resource|
|Document Type:||Internet Resource|
|All Authors / Contributors:||
Charles F Romanus; Riley Sunderland; United States. Department of the Army. Office of Military History.
|Description:||xix, 441 p. : ill., maps (some col.), ports. ; 26 cm. + 3 folded col. maps in pocket.|
|Contents:||The United States and China Become Allies --
Aid to China Involves the U.S. Army --
War Creates a China Theater and a U.S. Task Force to China --
Stilwell Begins His Mission --
China's Blockade Becomes Complete --
Plans for Breaking the Blockade of China (May 1942-March 1943) --
Stilwell's Mission Interrupted by an Ultimatum --
U.S. Forces Organize and Prepare for New Tasks --
The Attempt to Plan a Spring Campaign --
Anakim Marks Time --
U.S. Air Power Rather than Army Reform --
Putting Weight Behind the Trident Decision.
|Series Title:||United States Army in World War II.|
|Responsibility:||by Charles F. Romanus and Riley Sunderland.|
Table of Contents:
Contents: Forward p.IX - Preface p.XI Pt. ONE : The United States and China Become Allies p. I. Aid to China Involves the U.S. Army p.3 China Seeks U.S. Aid p.7 Origins of Lend-Lease Aid for China p.13 Putting Air Power in China: The AVG and Currie's Lend-Lease Program p.17 The Indochina Crisis and Aid to China p.21 The Thirty Division Program p.25 Creation of the American Military Mission to China (AMMISCA) p.27 AMMISCA Receives Its Orders p.29 The Chinese Army, Fall 1941 p.32 The Generalissimo Warns of Peril p.37 AMMISCA's Appraisal of the Thirty division Program p.41 AMMISCA, Lend-Lease, and the Line of Communica-tions p.44 Summary p.48 II. War Creates a China Theater and a U.S. Task Force to China p.50 The Chungking Conferences p.52 The Tulsa Incidednt p.57 The Creation of an Allied China Theater p.61 The U.S. Role: A Second Mission or a Theater? p.63 Selection of Stilwell and His Directive for China p.70 Moving Toward a Larger Concept p.76 Summary p.80 III. Stilwell Begins His Mission p.81 The Command Situation, China-Burma-India, March 1942 p.86 Early U.S. Logistical and Administrative Problems p.90 Stilwell's First Problems p.93 Darkening Prospects for Burma's Defenders p.99 The Chinese Expeditionary Force p.103 The Chinese Begin Their Fight p.105 The Loss of Air Cover p.109 The AVG Keeps Up the Fight p.112 The Attempts To Reinforce p.114 Summary p.117 IV. China's Blockade Become Complete p.118 The Pyinmana Plan and the Irrawaddy Front p.121 The Collapse of the Irrawaddy Front p.125 The Japanese Drive to Lashio p.127 Attempts to Prevent the Debacle p.132 Plans for the Future p.135 The Evacuation of Burma p.138 The Chinese Withdrawal p.140 Summary p.148 Pt. TWO : Plans for Breaking the Blockade of China (May 1942-March 1943) V. Stilwell's Mission Interrupted by an Ultimatum p.151 Stilwells' Proposals To Reform the Chinese Army p.152 Beginnings of Trouble p.157 Air Transport Disappoints the Chinese p.163 Soon'gs Warning p.167 The Generalissimo's Anger p.169 Stilwell's Staff and Command Roles Upheld p.173 Moving Toward a Compromise p.177 The Generalissimo Modifies His Demands p.180 Planning the Air War in China Theater p.187 Summary p.190 VI. U.S. Forces Organize and Prepare for New Tasks p.191 Expansion of Headquarters, U.S. Army Forces, CBI, July-December 1942 p.192 Tenth Air Force Plans and Organization p.198 The Services of Supply: The Indian Base p.202 First Plans and the Karachi Area p.204 SOS Expands Across India Into China p.206 Local Procurement p.207 The Reciprocal Aid System at Work p.209 Lend-Lease Responsibilities p.211 Ramgarh Training Center p.212 Operation of Ramgarh Training Center p.214 Summary p.220 VII. The Attempt to Plan a Spring Campaign p.222 U.S. Answer to the Three Demands p.222 The October Negotiations p.225 The Generalissimo Will Be Ready p.229 Japanese Plans and Dispositions in Burma p.232 Preparations in China for the Offensive p.234 Plans and Preparations in India p.341 More Than JCS Support Required p.245 The Emergence of the Chennault Plan p.250 The Chinese Hesitate p.254 The Generalissimo Says No p.258 Summary p.261 VIII. ANAKIM Marks Time p.262 Talks About Reform Continue p.262 Administrative Changes for U.S. Forces p.266 The Arnold-Somervell-Dill Mission p.269 The Conferences in Chungking and Calcutta p.274 The President Overrules Marshall and Stilwell p.277 Moving Toward an Expanded Air Effort in China p.283 Obstacles in Chennault's Path p.288 U.S. Forces Establish Training Centers for Y-Force p.292 Marshaling the Yunnan Force p.296 British Operations and ANAKIM p.302 American Preparations in India-Burma p.306 Summary p.310 Pt. THREE : U.S. Air Power Given the Stellar Role in China Theater IX. Air Power Rather Than Army Reform p.313 The Air War Begins Over Burma p.314 Chiang Promises To Hold East China p.317 Chennault and Stilwedll Present Their Cases p.320 The President's Decision p.324 TRIDENT Decision To Take North Burma p.327 Reactons to TRIDENT p.333 The Generalissimo Weighs TRIDENT p.335 Expediting the ATC Airfield Program p.341 Improving Chennault's Position p.345 Stilwell Shakes Up the Rear Echelon p.347 Apathy in Yunnan p.350 Japanese Reactions to Allied Preparations p.353 Summary p.354 X. Putting weight behind the trident decisions p.355 Allied Discussions of Southeast Asia Command p.355 The QUADRANT Conference, Quebec, 19-24 August 1943 p.357 Planning Logistical Support p.360 SEAC's Organization and Directive p.363 Stilwell Resumes His Chief of Staff Role p.367 Soong Attempts To Have Stilwell Recalled p.374 Stilwell Restored to Favor p.376 Questions of Boundary and Command p.379 Somervell's Trip to India p.381 "What More Can I Do?" p.384 Summary p.385 Appendix Bibliographical Note p.390 Glossary Index p.405 CHARTS 1. Division of Allied Command Responsibilities in Southeast Asia: March-April 1942 p.88 2. Organization of U.S. Army Forces in China-Burma-India: December 1942 p.195 3. Organization of Chinese Infantry Regiments 1942 p.236 4. Stilwell's Proposed Reorganization of a Chinese In-fantry Regiment: 1942 p.237 5. Lend-Lease Contribution to Reorganized Chinese Regiments: 1942 p.238 6. Hump Tonnage Carried by All Carriers in India-China: 1943 p.284 7. Organization of Chinese Yunnan Force (Y-Force(): March-April 1943 p.297 8. Comparison of Fourteenth Air Force Claims and Offi-cial Assessment of Japanese Shipping Sunk by Four-teenth Air Force: August 1942-December 1943 (Cu-mulative) p.338 TABLES 1. Initial Programming of Lend-Lease Funds for China: April 1941 p.16 2. Essential Ordnance requirements Requested as Lend-Lease for China p.17 3. Lend-Lease Supplies Shipped to China: May 1941-April 1942 p.49 4. Actual and Projected Deliveries of Lend-Lease Equipment Under the Chinese Emergency Air Trans-port Program: May-October 1942 p.161 5. Increase in Personnel and Equipment Under Proposed Reorganization of Chinese Infantry Regiment: 1942 p.238 6. Chinese Personnel Requirements for Y-Force: 23 March 1943 p.300 MAPS 1. Japanese Plan, December 1941 p.54 2. Burma 3. Japanese Advance in Burma, 20 January-19 March 1942 p.83 4. Japanese Conquest of Central Burma, April 1942 p.122 5. Stilwell's Plan, July 1942 p.183 6. Transportation System, 1942-1943 ILLUSTRATIONS Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell Gen. George C. Marshall p.72 Dr. Gordon S. Seagrave p.82 Survivors of Japanese Air Attack p.111 Fighter Planes, P-43's p.115 Conference at Maymyo, Burma p.119 Withdrawal From Burma p.144 Notes for the G-mo p.155 Snow-capped Mountain Peaks of the Himalayas p.166 Brig. Gen. Claire L. Chennault p.189 Ramgarh Training Center, 1942 p.216 Staff Discussion at Ramgarh Training Center, 1942 p.219 Services of Supply Build-up p.243 Conference at New Delhi, India p.273 Aircraft of Tenth Air Force, 1942 p.316 Flying Tigers p.339 Maj. Gen. Raymond A. Wheeler p.343 Construction Work on the Ledo Road, 1943 p.349 Vice-Adm. Lord Louis Mountbatten p.365
< This volume and the next in the subseries are cen-tered on the performance of Lt. Gen. Joseph W. Stil-well. Stilwell was chief of staff to Chiang Kai-shek, in Chiang's capacity of commander in chief of China con-sidered as an Allied theater; he administered U.S. lend-lease aid to China; and he commanded the CBI Thea-ter. Chiang put him in charge of his force (three Chi-nese armies) in Burma during the illfated campaign of 1942, and this campaign, insofar as it involved his au-thority, is therefore described. The War Department's concept of aid to China was to help the Chinese to help themselves, by military ad-vice, technical assistance, air support, and supplies needed to fill the gaps in the Chinese armory. General Stilwell was also directed to reopen a ground line of communications with China. The present volume de-scribes General Stilwell's efforts to effect a working re-lationship with the Generalissimo, to formulate a pro-gram acceptable both to the host government and his own superiors, and to organize a logistical base for American assistance and air operations. It presents, in global perspective, the difficulties that were created when the President, overruling the War Department, decided that China-based and air-supplied air power was a better investment of available American re-sources than rebuilding the Chinese Army. As theater commander General Stilwell had under his authority a far-flung Services of Supply (SOS), the Fourteenth Air Force (Maj. Gen. Claire L. Chennault's) in China, and the Tenth Air Force in India. This and the succeeding vol-umes supplement the more detailed account of these air forces to be found in The Army Air Forces in World War II. They are here presented in relation to the mis-sions and activities of the theater and General Stilwell's other responsibilities. This work and its successors also contain a general account of the extraordinary prob-lems and activities of the SOS, plus air supply over the famous "Hump." Their presentation here can be sup-plemented by consulting the Air Forces history cited and the histories of the technical services in the United States Army in World War II. The present volume covers the period September 1939-September 1943. (The key topics are included in the list that follows the description of the third volume of this subseries.) > - Analytical description from: US Army in WW II : Reader’s guide. – 1992. p.93-94