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Strategic research at the frontiers of chemistry : the Chemistry Division of Argonne National Laboratory.

Author: United States. Department of Energy,; Argonne National Laboratory. Chemistry Division,
Publisher: [Washington, D.C.?] : [Energy Department], [1995?]
Edition/Format:   Print book : National government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Strategic research at the frontiers of chemistry.
[Washington, D.C.? : Energy Dept., 1995?]
(OCoLC)604924608
Material Type: Government publication, National government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: United States. Department of Energy,; Argonne National Laboratory. Chemistry Division,
OCLC Number: 33815969
Notes: Cover title.
Shipping list no.: 96-0050-P.
Description: 56 pages : illustrations ; 27 cm
Contents: Chemical Physics --
Argonne's program in Chemical Physics merges theoretical and experimental work on energetics, kinetics, and dynamics --
Special facilities, such as the massively parallel IBM SP computer, enable Argonne to be at the forefront in the development of new codes for massively parallel machines in research that carries forward a tradition of firsts in the field --
Integrated experimental studies are conducted in parallel on state-selective chemistry, the chemical kinetics of radical-radical reactions, and photoionization spectroscopy --
Metal Cluster Chemistry --
The Metal Cluster Chemistry program investigates the transition metal mesophase --
Argonne achieved an important breakthrough when it was first demonstrated that metal clusters could be prepared in the gas phase --
Now, closely linked experimental and theoretical studies are elaborating their structure and reactivity --
Surface Science --
Another Argonne research team explores Surface Science --
Their accomplishments include the syntheses of nanocrystalline diamond films from fullerenes and part-per-trillion measurements of impurities by resonant ionization of sputtered atoms, using unique instrumentation designed and developed at Argonne --
Radiation and Photochemistry --
Argonne's Radiation and Photochemistry Group addresses the chemistry of novel intermediates and excited states and the roles of solvents and matrices in modulating their reactivity --
A dedicated electron linac has enabled many basic discoveries, including the solvated electron and ion radical chemistry --
Argonne scientists are providing basic insights for the safe management of radioactive wastes --
Electron Transfer and Photosynthesis --
The Electron Transfer and Photosynthesis program is defining the basic principles that govern charge separation in molecules via the study of electron transfer reactions within novel structures --
And remarkable progress has been made since the first demonstration of the Marcus inverted region at Argonne --
Work on the mechanism of charge separation in natural photosystems is being extended to construct novel artificial systems to mimic the natural process --
Heavy Hydrocarbon Chemistry --
The Heavy Hydrocarbon team elaborates the chemistry of petroleum and the Argonne Premium Coals --
Key issues, ranging from ecosynthesis to hydrogen atom transfer, are investigated in multidimensional approaches that employ chemical strategies combined with advanced spectroscopic techniques such as synchrotron X-ray spectroscopy --
Basic postulates about the structure of coal have emerged from this research --
Organic Superconductivity --
The Organic Superconductivity Group employs an array of experimental tools for the rational design of organic superconductors --
The Organic Superconductor Group is credited with the discovery of more than one-third of all cation radical based superconductors, including the salts with the record-setting transition temperatures --
The group has also performed the first-of-its-kind isotope effects studies to resolve the origin of the electron-pairing mechanism --
Separations Science and Coordination Chemistry --
Argonne's work in Separations Science and Coordination Chemistry aims to develop new separation processes for pollution prevention --
A central focus is the design of macrocyclic extractants with high selectivity for specific hazardous ions --
The TRUEX process was discovered here --
This research group also designed the DIPHONEX resins that have proven so useful for waste management and water purification --
Heavy Element Interactions --
The Heavy Element Interactions Group conducts pioneering studies on the chemical, structural, and electronic properties of actinide elements in gas, liquid, and solid phases, including £-state energy level structure, thermodynamics, and solid state structure-stability relationships --
These studies have improved the understanding of high-temperature superconductivity and enabled the detection of curium at the near-single-atom level.
Other Titles: Chemistry Division of Argonne National Laboratory

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