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Structure, physiology, and genetic adaptability

Author: Jeanne S Poindexter; Edward R Leadbetter
Publisher: New York : Plenum, ©1989.
Series: Bacteria in nature, v. 3.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats

The value of studies of monotypic populations is constantly argued in bacterial ecology.


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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Structure, physiology, and genetic adaptability.
New York : Plenum, ©1989
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Jeanne S Poindexter; Edward R Leadbetter
ISBN: 0306431734 9780306431739
OCLC Number: 20437466
Description: xiv, 391 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm.
Contents: 1 The Structure of Bacteria.- A Fundamental Design for Bacteria.- Problems in Interpretation.- Design Rationale.- Shape and Form.- Execution and Maintenance of Shape.- Necessity of Organelles.- Concept of the Periplasm.- The Plasma Membrane.- Intracytoplasmic Continuations of the Plasma Membrane.- Discrete Organelles within the Cytoplasm.- Membranous Organelles, Membrane-Bound Granules, and Non-Membrane-Bound Granules.- Nucleoplasm.- Dividing Cells.- Organelles Associated with the Cell Surface.- Flagella.- Pili or Fimbriae.- Spinae.- The Cytosol.- Bacteria in Nature.- Concluding Remarks.- References.- 2 Growth and Survival of Bacteria.- Growth of Bacteria.- Essential Nutrient Requirements.- Nutrient Supply in the Natural Environment.- Influence of Other Environmental Factors.- Growth on Laboratory Media.- Survival of Bacteria.- General Problem of Survival.- Specialized Mechanisms for Survival.- Significance of Reserve Materials.- Survival in Soil and Water.- Survival of Phototrophs on Starvation.- Rumen Bacteria.- Role of the Bacterial Membrane.- Anaerobes and the Role of the Membrane Potential in Survival.- Conclusions.- References.- 3 Chemistry and Metabolism of Intracellular Reserves.- Criteria for Classification of a Substance Having Energy-Storage Function.- Glycogen and Other ?-1,4-Glucans.- Occurrence in Bacteria.- Biological Functions of Bacterial Glycogen.- Structural Studies.- Enzymatic Reactions Involved in Glycogen Synthesis.- Regulation of the ADP-Glucose Pathway to Glycogen Synthesis.- Genetic Regulation of Glycogen Synthesis.- Cloning of the Glycogen Biosynthetic Enzyme Structural Genes of E. coli.- Degradation of Bacterial Glycogen.- d(-)-Poly-?-Hydroxybutyric Acid.- Occurrence.- Chemistry and Structural Studies of Poly-?-Hydroxybutyrate.- Chemical Synthesis of d-Poly-?-Hydroxybutyrate.- Composition and Structure of Polyhydroxybutyrate Granules.- Estimation of Poly-?-Hydroxybutyrate.- Physiological Conditions Causing Poly-?-Hydroxybutyrate Accumulation.- Enzymatic Reactions Involved in Synthesis and Degradation of Poly-?-Hydroxybutyrate.- Degradation of Poly-?-Hydroxybutyrate.- Functions of Poly-?-Hydroxybutyrate.- Polyphosphate.- Occurrence of Polyphosphates in Microorganisms.- Chemical Structure of the Polyphosphates.- Detection and Estimation of Polyphosphate.- Synthesis and Utilization of Polyphosphate in Bacteria.- Polyphosphate Accumulation and Utilization in Yeast.- Enzymatic Aspects of Polyphosphate Synthesis.- Regulation of Polyphosphate Metabolism.- Physiological Functions of Polyphosphate.- General Conclusions.- References.- 4 Chemical Unity and Diversity in Bacterial Catabolism.- Physiological Determinants of Degradative Pathways: The Need to Satisfy Energy Requirements in a Variety of Environments.- Bacterial Catabolism and the Terrestrial Carbon Cycle.- Some Thermodynamic Considerations.- Energy-Rich Compounds as Biochemical Reagents.- Bacterial Degradation and Availability of Oxygen.- Substrate-Level Phosphorylations.- Enzymes Used to Prepare the Structures of Growth Substrates for Participation in Energy-Yielding Processes.- Aldolases, Thiolases, ?-Diketone Hydrolases, and ?-Decarboxylases.- Modification of the Chemical Structure of a Metabolite Prior to Its Breakdown.- Degradation of Catabolites Formed by Opening the Benzene Nucleus.- Initiating Attack on Bacterial Growth Substrates.- Dioxygenases.- Aromatic Hydroxylases.- Alicyclic Compounds as Substrates for Mono-Oxygenases.- Amino Acid Catabolism.- Bacterial Degradation of Synthetic Compounds.- Cometabolism.- Summary of Degradation by Meta-Fission.- Degradation of Aromatics by Ortho-Fission.- Release of Methanol and Halide Ions from Aromatics.- Abiotic Transformation of Environmental Pollutants.- Summary.- References.- 5 Biotic and Abiotic Release of Inorganic Substances Exploited by Bacteria.- Nature of the Inorganic Environment.- Mineral Substrates.- Decomposition of Rocks and Minerals.- Conditions Supporting Microbe-Mediated Release of Inorganic Substances.- Physiological and Metabolic Mechanisms Responsible for Solubilization of Inorganic Substances.- Direct Microbial Attack on Minerals.- Indirect Attack on Minerals.- Strain Variation in the Natural Leaching Environment.- Microbial Metal Chelates.- Bacterial Exploitation of Inorganic Substances Released from Minerals and Rocks.- Iron.- Other Metals.- Practical Applications of Microbe-Mediated Release of Inorganic Substances.- Summary.- References.- 6 Regulation of Bacterial Gene Expression.- Target Points for Genetic Regulation.- Transcription Initiation.- Transcript Elongation.- Translation Initiation.- Regulation of mRNA Stability: Retroregulation of the Bacteriophage INT Gene.- Conclusions.- References.- 7 Constancy and Change in Bacterial Genomes.- Constant Features of Bacterial Genomes.- Gene Order.- Size of Genomes.- GC Content.- Sources of Genetic Diversity.- Changes in Chromosomal DNA.- Cytoplasmic Genetic Elements.- Incorporating New DNA into the Chromosome.- Summary.- References.
Series Title: Bacteria in nature, v. 3.
Responsibility: edited by Jeanne S. Poindexter and Edward R. Leadbetter.


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