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Study of organ inferiority and its psychical compensation : a contribution to clinical medicine

Author: Alfred Adler; Smith Ely Jelliffe
Publisher: New York : Nervous and Mental Disease Pub. Co., 1917.
Series: Nervous and mental disease monograph series, no. 24
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
The purpose of this book is to add to clinical medicine a further principle of research. From the completeness and the import of these early results I am sure that I have come upon very fruitful territory. To me, moreover, it was an attractive task to see our benumbed and thwarted conceptions of disease completely dissolved; to be able to observe human pathology in its making.
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: (DLC) 17009372
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Alfred Adler; Smith Ely Jelliffe
OCLC Number: 122331392
Reproduction Notes: Electronic reproduction. Washington, D.C. : American Psychological Association, 2005. Available via the World Wide Web.
Description: x, 86 pages ; 25 cm.
Series Title: Nervous and mental disease monograph series, no. 24
Other Titles: PsycBOOKS.
Responsibility: by Dr. Alfred Adler ... authorized translation by Smith Ely Jelliffe, M.D.

Abstract:

The purpose of this book is to add to clinical medicine a further principle of research. From the completeness and the import of these early results I am sure that I have come upon very fruitful territory. To me, moreover, it was an attractive task to see our benumbed and thwarted conceptions of disease completely dissolved; to be able to observe human pathology in its making.

At the beginning of the twentieth century Alfred Adler (1870- 1937) investigated the influence of physical inferiority on the development of normal and pathologic mental trends, joining in 1902 the group gathered around Freud. As early as 1907, however, his studies on organ inferiority resulted in conclusions that were irreconcilable with Freud's theories. Circa 1912 he separated from Freud and founded his own school of Individual Psychology. What Adler called "organ inferiority" is a condition that might occur as a familial tendency or as a situation in one individual. When the tendency was familial in nature one might find that a whole series of members suffered from a disorder that tended to attack one organ, and when organ inferiority is an individual tendency a disease would be liable to localize in the inferior organ since it is a common experience to find that inferior organs fail first in their functions when the organism is infected or under a particular stress. To Adler the inferiority represented a defect in the material available for the construction of a normal well balanced personality pattern, and it became a point of crystallization for the mental superstructure of compensation and hypercompensation; moreover, this organ inferiority tends to increase the feeling of inferiority experienced by every child resulting in an intensification of the striving towards an often unattainable goal. In the course of this striving the personality may become distorted and exhibit the traits of a "neurosis" or of a character disorder. This whole concept later became known popularly as the "inferiority complex" and was extended to include psychical deficiencies the personality reaction to which was often one of overcorrection of the original disorder. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2005 APA, all rights reserved).

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