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Subsidy or self-respect? : participatory total community sanitation in Bangladesh

Author: Kamal Kar; Institute of Development Studies (Brighton, England)
Publisher: Brighton, Sussex, England : Institute of Development Studies, 2003.
Series: Working paper (University of Sussex. Institute of Development Studies), 184.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Access to latrines in rural areas of Bangladesh is less than 15 per cent. Many international agencies and non-governmental organisations have been working to improve environmental sanitation by constructing latrines and toilets with subsidies provided at different rates. But even after three decades of such efforts it is difficult to find 100 villages form amongst nearly 85, 000 that are totally sanitised and free  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Case studies
Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Kar, Kamal.
Subsidy or self-respect?
Brighton, Sussex, England : Institute of Development Studies, 2003
(OCoLC)607065092
Online version:
Kar, Kamal.
Subsidy or self-respect?
Brighton, Sussex, England : Institute of Development Studies, 2003
(OCoLC)608560729
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Kamal Kar; Institute of Development Studies (Brighton, England)
ISBN: 1858645255 9781858645254
OCLC Number: 54629565
Notes: "September 2003."
Description: x, 40 pages : illustrations ; 30 cm.
Series Title: Working paper (University of Sussex. Institute of Development Studies), 184.
Responsibility: Kamal Kar.

Abstract:

Access to latrines in rural areas of Bangladesh is less than 15 per cent. Many international agencies and non-governmental organisations have been working to improve environmental sanitation by constructing latrines and toilets with subsidies provided at different rates. But even after three decades of such efforts it is difficult to find 100 villages form amongst nearly 85, 000 that are totally sanitised and free from open defecation. Success has generally been measured on the basis of the number of latrines constructed within a given period of time instead of the extend of open defecation, which in most cases has been continued unabated. A new approach being pioneered by the author (Dr Kamal Kar, Social and Participatory Development Consultant from Calcutta, India) with Village Education Resource Centre (VERC), Water Aid in Bangladesh and other agencies concentrates on empowering local people to analyse the extent and risk of environmental pollution caused by open defecation, and to construct toilets without any external subsidies. This community-led effort has had a huge impact. Open defecation has been completely stopped by the community in more than 400 villages in Bangladesh, and the methodology is now being adopted in parts of India and elsewhere in Asia and Africa.

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