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Surpassing ourselves : an inquiry into the nature and implications of expertise

Author: Carl Bereiter; Marlene Scardamalia
Publisher: Chicago : Open Court, ©1993.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"Expertise arouses fears of a society ruled by an elite of specialists in white coats, or else it arouses derision because of the ineffectual bumbling of the so-called 'experts.'" "In Surpassing Ourselves, Bereiter and Scardamalia demonstrate that these stereotypes of expertise are false. Drawing upon the latest research in cognitive psychology, they show that expertise is something other than training, experience,  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Bereiter, Carl.
Surpassing ourselves.
Chicago : Open Court, ©1993
(OCoLC)624588940
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Carl Bereiter; Marlene Scardamalia
ISBN: 0812692047 9780812692044 0812692055 9780812692051
OCLC Number: 28549194
Description: xiii, 279 pages ; 24 cm
Contents: 1. The Need to Understand Expertise --
2. Experts are Different from Us: They Have More Knowledge --
3. Expert Knowledge and How It Comes About --
4. Expertise as Process --
5. Creative Expertise --
6. Expertlike Learners --
7. Schools as Nonexpert Societies --
8. Toward an Expert Society.
Responsibility: Carl Bereiter, Marlene Scardamalia.

Abstract:

Examines the nature of expert knowledge, the part that shows and the much larger part that is hidden, and offers an explanation of how it comes about. Hard work, practice, and experience are not  Read more...

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   schema:reviewBody ""Expertise arouses fears of a society ruled by an elite of specialists in white coats, or else it arouses derision because of the ineffectual bumbling of the so-called 'experts.'" "In Surpassing Ourselves, Bereiter and Scardamalia demonstrate that these stereotypes of expertise are false. Drawing upon the latest research in cognitive psychology, they show that expertise is something other than training, experience, knowledge, or formal qualifications. Many individuals acquire all these without ever becoming experts, while some beginners, even schoolchildren, already approach problems in an 'expertlike' fashion." "Expertise is a process of progressive problem-solving in which people continuously rethink and redefine their tasks. A future 'expert society' will not be a heaven in which all problems have disappeared, but a realistic utopia in which endless problem-solving will be a highly-valued part of life." "Progressive problem solvers stay healthier, live longer, and experience the intense mental pleasure known as 'flow'. They repeatedly go beyond their well-learned procedures, avoid getting into ruts, and surpass themselves by reformulating problems at new and more complex levels. They are able to transform insoluble predicaments into soluble problems, to the benefit of everyone. Yet many of our present institutions, especially the schools, penalize expertise instead of cultivating it."--Jacket." ;
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