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A survey of attitudes and actions on dual use research in the life sciences : a collaborative effort of the National Research Council and the American Association for the Advancement of Science

Author: National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Assessing Fundamental Attitudes of Life Scientists as a Basis for Biosecurity Education.; American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Publisher: Washington, D.C. : National Academies Press, ©2009.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"The same technologies that fuel scientific advances also pose potential risks--that the knowledge, tools, and techniques gained through legitimate biotechnology research could be misused to create biological weapons or for bioterrorism. This is often called the dual use dilemma of the life sciences. Yet even research with the greatest potential for misuse may offer significant benefits. Determining how to constrain  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Survey of attitudes and actions on dual use research in the life sciences.
Washington, D.C. : National Academies Press, ©2009
(OCoLC)419824729
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Assessing Fundamental Attitudes of Life Scientists as a Basis for Biosecurity Education.; American Association for the Advancement of Science.
ISBN: 9780309125116 0309125111 0309131405 9780309131407
OCLC Number: 666987532
Description: 1 online resource (xvi, 171 pages) : illustrations
Contents: ""Preface and Acknowledgments""; ""Contents""; ""List of Tables, Figures, and Boxes""; ""Summary""; ""1 Overview""; ""2 Approach""; ""3 Results of the Survey""; ""4 Conclusions and Recommendations""; ""Bibliography""; ""Appendixes""; ""Appendix A: Committee Member Biographies""; ""Appendix B: Focus Group Results""; ""Appendix C: Final Questionnaire""; ""Appendix D: Additional Data and Analysis""
Responsibility: Committee on Assessing Fundamental Attitudes of Life Scientists as a Basis for Biosecurity Education, [and] Development, Security and Cooperation Policy and Global Affairs, [and] Board on Life Sciences Division on Earth and Life Studies, National Research Council of the National Academies, in collaboration with AAAS.

Abstract:

"The same technologies that fuel scientific advances also pose potential risks--that the knowledge, tools, and techniques gained through legitimate biotechnology research could be misused to create biological weapons or for bioterrorism. This is often called the dual use dilemma of the life sciences. Yet even research with the greatest potential for misuse may offer significant benefits. Determining how to constrain the danger without harming essential scientific research is critical for national security as well as prosperity and well-being. This book discusses a 2007 survey of American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) members in the life sciences about their knowledge of dual use issues and attitudes about their responsibilities to help mitigate the risks of misuse of their research. Overall, the results suggest that there may be considerable support for approaches to oversight that rely on measures that are developed and implemented by the scientific community itself. The responses also suggest that there is a need to clarify the scope of research activities of concern and to provide guidance about what actions scientists can take to reduce the risk that their research will be misused by those with malicious intent."--Publisher's description.

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