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Taiwan, Hong Kong, and the United States, 1945-1992 : uncertain friendships

Author: Nancy Bernkopf Tucker
Publisher: New York : Twayne Publishers ; Toronto : Maxwell Macmillan Canada ; New York : Maxwell Macmillan International, ©1994.
Series: Twayne's international history series, no. 14.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
American foreign policy in Asia has long been preoccupied with mainland China. But the end of the Cold War and the 1989 Tiananmen massacre have forced the U.S. to think in new ways about the "other" Chinese in Hong Kong and Taiwan. The events at Tiananmen dramatize the human rights dilemma inherent in Hong Kong's scheduled 1997 return to Beijing. And they highlight Taiwan's rapid transformation, initiated in the
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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Tucker, Nancy Bernkopf.
Taiwan, Hong Kong, and the United States, 1945-1992.
New York : Twayne Publishers ; Toronto : Maxwell Macmillan Canada ; New York : Maxwell Macmillan International, ©1994
(OCoLC)624323341
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Nancy Bernkopf Tucker
ISBN: 0805779299 9780805779295 0805792244 9780805792249
OCLC Number: 29702308
Description: xvi, 337 pages : illustrations, maps ; 25 cm.
Contents: Ch. 1. Introduction: Aid and Influence --
Ch. 2. "Taiwan" on the Mainland --
Ch. 3. Commitment and Crisis: The Alliance, 1950-1965 --
Ch. 4. Economic, Military, and Political Developments, 1950-1965 --
Ch. 5. Society and Culture, 1950-1965 --
Ch. 6. Shifting Priorities in Asia, 1965-1972 --
Ch. 7. The End of an Era, 1972-1982 --
Ch. 8. New Challenges and New Attitudes, 1982-1992 --
Ch. 9. Hong Kong: In China's Shadow --
Ch. 10. Conclusion: Power, Culture, and Commerce in the Pacific.
Series Title: Twayne's international history series, no. 14.
Responsibility: Nancy Bernkopf Tucker.

Abstract:

American foreign policy in Asia has long been preoccupied with mainland China. But the end of the Cold War and the 1989 Tiananmen massacre have forced the U.S. to think in new ways about the "other" Chinese in Hong Kong and Taiwan. The events at Tiananmen dramatize the human rights dilemma inherent in Hong Kong's scheduled 1997 return to Beijing. And they highlight Taiwan's rapid transformation, initiated in the 1980s, into a freer, democratic society. At the end of the Cold War, Nancy Bernkopf Tucker asserts, these developments challenge the United States to take more seriously than ever its relations with Taiwan and Hong Kong - to approach both not as strategic players in the game of dominoes but as significant forces in their own right.

No other study so clearly focuses American thinking on relations with Hong Kong and Taiwan. Surveying post-1945 U.S. ties with both areas in the context of earlier historical interaction, Tucker explores commerce and trade, military imperatives and political priorities, as well as cultural controversies over Westernization and tradition, bringing to light trends and events in the first comprehensive analysis of these relationships. Tucker reexamines Washington's continual efforts to sustain its uncertain friends through economic assistance and military protection in spite of their sometimes divergent goals and antagonistic policies. The U.S. was not above using its Asian clients to further selfish national interests or cold war strategies but in its dealings with the Nationalist Chinese frequently found itself manipulated rather than dominant.

In Hong Kong, Tucker probes the changing dimensions of American support for British control of its Crown Colony, the pivotal role of the United States in Hong Kong's burgeoning economy, and Washington's use of Hong Kong as a strategic foothold and a base for espionage. Tucker also investigates the impact of immigrants from Taiwan and Hong Kong in the U.S., ranging from achievements in art and scholarship to gang violence tied to drugs, illegal immigration and politics. The cast of characters in this drama includes political figures - Truman, McCarthy, Eisenhower, Zhou Enlai, Kennedy, Nixon, Deng Xiaoping, Lee Teng-hui, Chiang Kai-shek, and his son and successor Chiang Ching-kuo - but also artists, writers, economists, and soldiers, who enliven the tale as Tucker gracefully and crisply moves through war, revolution, economic dislocation, political upheaval, and cultural confrontation.

. In her final chapters, Tucker vividly outlines the economic and political challenges posed by the emergence of a Greater China. She urges Washington to focus on the region with new intensity and offers balanced guidelines for immediate and future American policy. Scholars and policy makers interested in the economic "miracle" of Taiwan and Hong Kong, in the rise of the Asian-Pacific community, and in Washington's role in shaping it, will welcome her original research and insights.

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