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Tanzania in Transition : From Nyerere to Mkapa.

Author: Kjell Havnevik; Aida C Isinika
Publisher: Mkuki na Nyota Publishers 2010.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This book is the first comprehensive contribution to understanding the character of important societal transitions in Tanzania during Benjamin Mkapa's presidency (1995- 2005). The analyses of the trajectory of these transitions are conducted against the background of the development model of Tanzanian's first president, Julius Nyerere (1961-1985), a model with lasting influence on the country. This approach enables  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic resource
Electronic books
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Kjell Havnevik; Aida C Isinika
ISBN: 9789987081400 9987081401 1283005042 9781283005043
OCLC Number: 743202304
Description: 1 online resource (306)
Contents: Cover; Title Page; Copyright Page; Contents; List of Tables; List of Figures; List of Boxes and Annex/Appendices; Acronyms; Acknowledgements; CHAPTER ONE. TANZANIA IN TRANSITION --
TO WHAT?; Background; Contribution of The Book; The Post-Independence Model, The Legacy of Nyerere and Beyond; Agrarian Related Transitions; Governance and Development Cooperation Transitions; CHAPTER TWO. A HISTORICAL FRAMEWORK FOR ANALYSING CURRENT TANZANIAN TRANSITIONS: THE POST-INDEPENDENCE MODEL, NYERERE'S IDEAS AND SOME INTERPRETATIONS; Introduction; The Post-Independence Model. Nyerere's ideas and perspectives, the Arusha Declaration and Ujamaa --
and the modification of the post-independence modelInterpretations of Nyerere's ideas and policy recommendations; CHAPTER THREE. THE NORWEGIAN-TANZANIAN AID RELATIONSHIP --
A HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE; The Nordic Alternative; Technical assistance and cultural encounter; Financial aid and project orientation: Stiegler's Gorge; The one-party state and the Tanzania syndrome; Budget aid and the missing link in the aid relationship: Macro-economics. CHAPTER FOUR. AGRARIAN FUNDAMENTALISM OR FORESIGHT REVISITING NYERERE'S VISION FOR RURAL TANZANIANyerere's Blueprint: Kilimo na Ujamaa; Nation-Building Hiatus: Design Faults, Bad Materials or Environmental Subsidence?; Beyond Ujamaa: Tanzania's Post-Peasant Economy and Society; Katoro-Buserere: Nyerere's Model or Deviant Settlement?; Nyerere's Agrarian Blueprint Reconsidered; Bibliography; CHAPTER FIVE. SMALLHOLDER AGRICULTURE IN TANZANIA --
CAN ECONOMIC LIBERALISATION KEEP ITS PROMISES?; Background; External Versus Internal Causes; Economic Liberalisation. The Growth Performance of Tanzanian Agriculture in The First Decade of LiberalisationPossible causes; Concluding Remarks; References; CHAPTER SIX. GENDER DIMENSIONS OF LAND CONFLICTS: EXAMPLES FROM NJOMBE AND MASWA DISTRICTS IN TANZANIA; Introduction; The Land Tenure-Gender Discourse; Description of Customary Land Tenure; Analysis for Evidence; Policy Implications; Conclusion; References; Annex 1. Location of Study Area; Annex 2. Formal Institutions for Land administration and Conflict Resolution in Tanzania. CHAPTER SEVEN. DYNAMISM OF NATURAL RESOURCE POLICIES AND IMPACT ON FORESTRY IN TANZANIABackground; Forest resources: Natural and plantations forest; Institutional transition and impacts in forestry; Forest governance; Collaborative Forest Management: paradigm take-over; Participatory Forest Management constraints; Conclusion and Recommendations; Reference; CHAPTER EIGHT. TRENDS IN CORRUPTION DURING THE MKAPA ERA --
WHO WANTS TO KNOW?; Introduction; Governance and corruption, poverty and growth; Trends in governance and corruption in Tanzania; Unbundling corruption and 'corruption control'

Abstract:

This book is the first comprehensive contribution to understanding the character of important societal transitions in Tanzania during Benjamin Mkapa's presidency (1995- 2005). The analyses of the trajectory of these transitions are conducted against the background of the development model of Tanzanian's first president, Julius Nyerere (1961-1985), a model with lasting influence on the country. This approach enables an understanding of continuities and discontinuities in Tanzania over time in areas such as development strategy an ideology, agrarian-land, gender and forestry issues, economic liberalization, development assistance, corruption and political change. The period of Mkapa's presidency is particularly important because it represents the first phase of Tanzania's multi- party political system. Mkapa's government initially faced a gloomy economic situation. Although Mkapa's crusade against corruption lost direction, his presidency was characterised by relatively high growth rates and a stable macro-economy. Rural and agrarian transitions were dominated by diversification rather than productivity growth and transformation. Rural attitudes in favour of land markets emerged only slowly but formal land disputes showed more respect for women's rights. Some space emerged for widening local participation in forest management, but rural dynamics was mainly found in trading settlements feeding on economic liberalization and artisanal mining. The transitions documented and analysed of Mkapa's presidency, however, indicate only limited transformational change. Rural poverty is therefore likely to remain deep and the sustainability of economic development to be at risk in the future. Mkapa was, however, able to protect the legacy of peace and political stability of Nyerere, but there were nevertheless important challenges to the first multiparty elections and governance, and particularly in Zanzibar. The post- script (covering 2005 2010), indicates that the incumbent president, Jakaya Kikwete, has yet to prove that he can change this legacy of Mkapa. Co-published with the Nordic Africa Institute and the Sokoine University of Agriculture, the contributions to the eleven chapters of this book are evenly shared between Tanzanian, Nordic and other European researchers with a long-term commitment to Tanzanian development research. he book is dedicated to the youth of Tanzania.

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