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Technical report of the NAEP 1996 state assessment program in science

Author: Nancy L Allen; Educational Testing Service,; National Center for Education Statistics,
Publisher: Washington, D.C. : U.S. Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement, [Washington, D.C.] : For sale by the U.S. G.P.O., Supt. of Docs., [1998] [1998]
Series: Nation's report card.; Technical report (National Center for Education Statistics)
Edition/Format:   Print book : National government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
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Genre/Form: Statistics
Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Technical report of the NAEP 1996 state assessment program in science.
Washington, DC : U.S. Dept. of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement : For sale by the U.S.G.P.O., Supt. of Docs., [1998]
(OCoLC)760166204
Material Type: Government publication, National government publication
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Nancy L Allen; Educational Testing Service,; National Center for Education Statistics,
ISBN: 0160493919 9780160493911
OCLC Number: 38468978
Notes: Shipping list no.: 98-0134-P.
"January 1998."
"NCES 98-480."
Description: xiv, 376 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm.
Contents: Overview: The Design, Implementation, and Analysis of the 1996 State Assessment Program in Science / Nancy L. Allen and John Mazzeo, Educational Testing Service --
1.1 Overview --
1.2 Design of the State Assessment in Science --
1.3 Development of Science Objectives, Items, and Background Questions --
1.4 Assessment Instruments --
1.5 The Sampling Design --
1.6 Field Administration --
1.7 Materials Processing, Professional Scoring, and Database Creation --
1.8 The 1996 State Assessment Data --
1.9 Weighting and Variance Estimation --
1.10 Preliminary Data Analysis --
1.11 Scaling the Assessment Items --
1.12 Linking the State Results to the National Results --
1.13 Reporting the State Assessment Results --
1.14 A Special Science Assessment of Grade 4 DoDEA Students --
Chapter 2 Developing the NAEP 1996 Science Assessment Instrument / Christine O'Sullivan, Educational Testing Service --
2.1 Overview --
2.2 Steering Committee Guidelines --
2.3 Framework for the Assessment --
2.4 Distribution of Assessment Items --
2.5 Assessment Items, Field Test, and Final Forms --
2.6 The Assessment Design --
2.7 Background Questionnaires --
2.8 Assessment Instruments Used in the Grade 4 Science Assessment of DoDEA Students --
Chapter 3 Sample Design and Selection / John Burke and James L. Green, Westat, Inc. --
3.1 Overview --
3.2 Sample Selection for the 1995 Field Test --
3.3 Target Population and Sampling Frame for the 1996 Assessment --
3.4 Stratification --
3.5 School Sample Selection --
3.6 Student Sample Selection --
Chapter 4 State and School Cooperation and Field Administration / Lucy M. Gray, Westat, Inc. --
4.1 Overview --
4.2 The Field Test --
4.3 The 1996 State Assessment --
Chapter 5 Processing and Scoring Assessment Materials / Patrick B. Bourgeacq, Charles L. Brungardt, and Brent Studer, National Center Systems --
5.1 Overview --
5.2 Printing --
5.3 Packaging and Shipping --
5.4 Processing --
5.5 Professional Scoring --
5.6 Data Delivery --
5.7 Miscellaneous --
Chapter 6 Creation of the Database, Quality Control of Data Entry, and Creation of the Database Products / John J. Ferris, Katharine E. Pashley, Patricia E. O'Reilly, David S. Freund and Alfred M. Rogers, Educational Testing Service --
6.1 Overview --
6.2 Merging Files Into the State Assessment Database --
6.3 Creating the Master Catalog --
6.4 Quality Control Evaluation --
6.5 NAEP Database Products --
Chapter 7 Weighting Procedures and Variance Estimation / John Burke and Penny James, Westat, Inc. --
7.1 Overview --
7.2 Calculation of Base Weights --
7.3 Adjustments for Nonresponse --
7.4 Characteristics of Nonresponding Schools and Students --
7.5 Variation in Weights --
7.6 Calculation of Replicate Weights --
7.7 Racking of Weights --
Chapter 8 Theoretical Background and Philosophy of NAEP Scaling Procedures / Eugene G. Johnson and Nancy L. Allen, Educational Testing Service --
8.1 Overview --
8.2 Background --
8.3 Scaling Methodology --
8.4 Analyses --
Chapter 9 Data Analysis and Scaling for the 1996 State Assessment Program in Science / Spencer S. Swinton, John R. Donoghue, Steven P. Isham, Lois H. Worthington, and Ingeborg U. Novatkoski, Educational Testing Service --
9.1 Overview --
9.2 Description of Items, Assessment Booklets, and Administration Procedures --
9.3 Item Analyses --
9.4 Item Response Theory (IRT) Scaling --
9.5 Estimation of State and Subgroup Proficiency Distributions --
9.6 Linking State and National Scales --
9.7 Producing a Science Composite Scale --
9.8 The Weight Files --
9.9 The Grade 4 Assessment of DDESS and DoDDS --
Chapter 10 Conventions Used in Reporting the Results of the 1996 State Assessment Program in Science / Spencer S. Swinton, David S. Freud, and Clyde M. Reese, Educational Testing Service --
10.1 Overview --
10.2 Minimum School and Student Sample Sizes for Reporting Subgroup Results --
10.3 Estimates of Standard Errors with Large Mean Squared Errors --
10.4 Treatment of Missing Data from the Student, Teacher, and School Questionnaires --
10.5 Statistical Rules Used for Producing the State Reports --
Appendix A Participants in the Objectives and Item Development Process --
Appendix B Summary of Participation Rates --
Appendix C Conditioning Variables and Contrast Codings --
Appendix D IRT Parameters for Science Items --
Appendix E. State Assessment Program Reporting Subgroups; Composite and Derived Common Background Variables; and Composite and Derived Reporting Variables --
Appendix F Sample Design and Selection Tables --
Reference Cited in Text --
List of Tables --
Table 1.1 Jurisdictions Participating in the 1996 State Assessment Program in Science --
Table 2.1 Distribution of Assessment Time by Fields of Science, Grade 8 --
2.2 Distribution of Assessment Time by Knowing and Doing Science, Grade 8 --
2.3 Distribution of Assessment Time Devoted to The Nature of Science and Themes --
2.4 Block Designations and Assignment - Number of Exercises Per Item Type --
2.5 Booklet Contents for Grade 8 Science Assessment --
2.6 Distribution of Assessment Time by Fields of Science, Grade 4 --
2.7 Distribution of Assessment Time by Knowing and Doing Science, Grade 4 --
2.8 Distribution of Assessment Time Devoted to The Nature of Science and Themes --
Table 3.1 Number of Schools Selected for the Field Test for Each Grade and Session Type --
3.2 Distribution of Fourth-Grade Schools and Enrollment in Combined Frame --
3.3 Distribution of Eighth-Grade Schools and Enrollment in Combined Frame --
3.4 Estimated Grade Enrollment and Measure of Size, Grade 4 --
3.5 Estimated Grade Enrollment and Measure of Size, Grade 8 --
3.6 Number of Schools Selected for Both State and National NAEP, by Grade and School Type --
3.7 Jurisdictions Where All Public Schools Were Selected, by Grade and School Type --
3.8 Distribution of New Schools Coming from "Medium" or "Large" and "Small" Districts in the Eighth-Grade Sample --
3.9 Jurisdictions Exercising in Reduced Sample Option, by Grade --
Table 4.1 Jurisdictions Participating in the 1996 State Assessment Program in Science --
4.2 School Participation, 1996 State Assessment in Science --
4.3 Student Participation, 1996 State Assessment in Science --
Table 5.1 1996 NAEP State Assessment in Science Processing Totals --
5.2 1996 NAEP State Assessment, NCS Schedule --
5.3 Documents Printed for the 1996 NAEP State Assessment in Science --
5.4 1996 NAEP State Assessment Phone Request Summary --
5.5 Number of Constructed Response Items for Science State and National Assessments --
5.6 1996 NAEP Science State and National Assessments Readers and Dates --
5.7 1996 Science State and National Assessments Constructed Response Items Scored --
5.8 1995-1996 NAEP Assessment Codes for Unscorable Science Items --
5.9 1996 Science State and National Assessments Ranges of Percentage Agreement Among Readers --
5.10 Alerts for the 1996 National and State Assessments --
Table 6.1 Number of Science Booklets Scanned into Database and Selected for Quality Control Evaluation --
6.2 Summary of the Quality Control Evaluation of the Science Data --
Table 7.1 Unweighted and Final Weighted Counts of Assessed and Excluded Students by Jurisdiction, Grade 4 DoDEA Schools --
7.2 Unweighted and Final Weighted Counts of Assessed and Excluded Students by Jurisdiction, Grade 8 Public Schools --
7.3 Unweighted and Final Weighted Counts of Assessed and Excluded Students by Jurisdiction, Grade 8 Nonpublic Schools --
7.4 Weighted Mean Values Derived from Sampled Public Schools, Grade 8 --
7.5 Weighted Mean Values Derived from All Sampled Schools for Jurisdictions Achieving Minimal Required Public and Nonpublic School Participation, Grade 8 --
7.6 Results of Logistic Regression Analysis of School Nonresponse, Grade 8 --
7.7 Weighted Student Percentages Derived from Sampled DoDEA Schools, Grade 4 --
7.8 Weighted Student Percentages Derived from Sampled Public and DoDEA Schools, Grade 8 --
7.9 Weighted Student Percentages Derived from All School Sampled, Public and Nonpublic Schools, Grade 8 --
7.10 Final Collapsed Levels Used for Raking Dimensions, DoDEA Jurisdictions, Grade 4 --
7.11 Final Collapsed Levels Used for Raking Dimensions, All Jurisdictions, Grade 8 --
Table 9.1 1996 NAEP Science Block Composition by Fields of Science Scale and Item Type (As defined before scaling) --
9.2 1996 NAEP Science Block composition by Fields of Science Scale and Item Type (As defined after scaling) --
9.3 Descriptive Statistics for Each Block of Paper-and-Pencil Items by Position Within Text Booklet and Overall Public-School Session, Grade 8 --
9.4 Descriptive Statistics for Each Block of Paper-and-Pencil Items by Position Within Text Booklet and Overall Nonpublic-School Session, Grade 8 --
Table 9.5 Descriptive Statistics for Each Block of Hands-On Tasks Overall Combined Pubic and Nonpublic School Sessions, Grade 8 --
9.6 Block-Level Descriptive Statistics for Monitored and Unmonitored Public-School Sessions, Grade 8 --
9.7 Block-Level Descriptive Statistics for Monitored and Unmonitored Nonpublic-School Sessions, Grade 8 --
9.8 The Effect of Monitoring Sessions By Jurisdiction: Average Jurisdiction Item Scores for Monitored and Unmonitored Sessions, Grade 8 --
9.9 Block-Level Descriptive Statistics for Overall Public- and Nonpublic-School Sessions, Grade 8 --
9.10 Distribution of Jurisdiction Mean Item Scores by Fields of Science Scale, Public Schools --
9.11 Distribution of Jurisdiction Mean Item Scores by Fields of Science Scale, Nonpublic Schools --
9.12 Distribution of Item Mean Scores Averaged Across All Students in the State Assessment --
9.13 Scoring Levels --
9.14 Items from the 1996 State Assessment in Science Receiving Special Attention --
9.15 Proportion of Scale Variance Accounted for by Conditioning Models --
9.16 Average correlations and Ranges of Scale Correlations Among the Science Scales for 47 Jurisdictions --
9.17 Transformation Constants for the Scales --
9.18 Weights Used for Each Scale to Form Composites --
9.19 Transformation Constants --
Table 10-1 Weighted Percentages of Eighth-Grade Students Matched to Teacher Questionnaires --
10.2 Rules for Descriptive Terms for the Magnitude of Percentages Used in State Reports --
List of Figures --
Figure 2.1 Descriptions of the Three Fields of Science --
2.2 Descriptions of Knowing and Doing Science --
2.3 Descriptions of Overarching Domains --
Figure 4.1 S1 Criteria --
S2 Criteria --
Figure 5.1 1996 NAEP State Assessment Materials Distribution Flow Chart --
5.2 1996 NAEP State Assessment Materials Processing Flow Chart --
5.3 1996 NAEP State Assessment Image Scanning Flow Chart --
Figure 9.1 Plot Comparing Empirical and Model-Based Estimate of Item Response Functions for Binary Scored (Multiple-Choice) Items Exhibiting Good Model Fit --
9.2 Plot Comparing Empirical and Model-Based Estimates of Item Category Characteristics Curves for a Polytomously Scored Item Exhibiting Good Model Fit --
9.3 Plot Comparing Empirical and Model-Based Estimates of Item Response Functions for Binary Scored (Multiple-Choice) Items Exhibiting Some Model Misfit --
9.4 Plot Comparing Empirical and Model-Based Estimates of Item Category Characteristic Curves for a Polytomously Scored Item Exhibiting Some Model Misfit --
9.5 Plot Comparing Empirical and Model-Based Estimates of Item Category Characteristic Curves for a Polytomously Scored Item (K044101) Exhibiting Poor Model Fit --
9.6 Plot Comparing Empirical and Model-Based Estimates of Item Category Characteristic Curves for a Polytomously Scored Item (K044101) After Collapsing Categories 2 and 3 --
9.7 Plot of Mean Item Score Versus Mean Scale Score for Each Jurisdiction --
9.8 Rootogram Comparing Scale Score Distributions for the State Assessment Aggregate Sample and the National Linking Sample for the Earth Science Scale --
9.9 Rootogram Comparing Scale Score Distributions for the State Assessment Aggregate Sample and the National Linking Sample for the Physical Science Scale --
9.10 Rootogram Comparing Scale Score Distributions for the State Assessment Aggregate Sample and the National Linking Sample for the Life Science Scale --
9.11 Rootogram Comparing Scale Score Distributions for the State Assessment Aggregate Sample and the National Linking Sample for the Composite Scale.
Series Title: Nation's report card.; Technical report (National Center for Education Statistics)
Other Titles: NAEP 1996
Responsibility: Nancy L. Allen [and others] ; prepared by Educational Testing Service under a cooperative agreement with the National Center for Education Statistics.

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