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Techno-economic analysis of biomass fast pyrolysis to transportation fuels

Author: Mark M Wright; National Renewable Energy Laboratory (U.S.)
Publisher: Golden, CO : National Renewable Energy Laboratory, [2010]
Series: NREL/TP, 6A20-46586.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : National government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This study develops techno-economic models for assessment of the conversion of biomass to valuable fuel products via fast pyrolysis and bio-oil upgrading. The upgrading process produces a mixture of naphtha-range (gasoline blend stock) and diesel-range (diesel blend stock) products. This study analyzes the economics of two scenarios: onsite hydrogen production by reforming bio-oil, and hydrogen purchase from an  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Paper version:
Techno-economic analysis of biomass fast pyrolysis to transportation fuels.
ix, 62 p.
(OCoLC)693228703
Material Type: Document, Government publication, National government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Mark M Wright; National Renewable Energy Laboratory (U.S.)
OCLC Number: 682614167
Notes: Title from title screen (viewed Nov. 22, 2010).
"November 2010."
Description: 1 online resource (ix, 62 pages) : digital, PDF file.
Series Title: NREL/TP, 6A20-46586.
Responsibility: Mark M. Wright [and others].

Abstract:

This study develops techno-economic models for assessment of the conversion of biomass to valuable fuel products via fast pyrolysis and bio-oil upgrading. The upgrading process produces a mixture of naphtha-range (gasoline blend stock) and diesel-range (diesel blend stock) products. This study analyzes the economics of two scenarios: onsite hydrogen production by reforming bio-oil, and hydrogen purchase from an outside source. The study results for an nth plant indicate that petroleum fractions in the naphtha distillation range and in the diesel distillation range are produced from corn stover at a product value of $3.09/gal ($0.82/liter) with onsite hydrogen production or $2.11/gal ($0.56/liter) with hydrogen purchase. These values correspond to a $0.83/gal ($0.21/liter) cost to produce the bio-oil. Based on these nth plant numbers, product value for a pioneer hydrogen-producing plant is about $6.55/gal ($1.73/liter) and for a pioneer hydrogen-purchasing plant is about $3.41/gal ($0.92/liter). Sensitivity analysis identifies fuel yield as a key variable for the hydrogen-production scenario. Biomass cost is important for both scenarios. Changing feedstock cost from $50-$100 per short ton changes the price of fuel in the hydrogen production scenario from $2.57-$3.62/gal ($0.68-$0.96/liter).

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