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Terrorism: U.S. Response to Bombings in Kenya and Tanzania: A New Policy Direction?.

Author: Raphael F Perl; LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE.
Publisher: Ft. Belvoir : Defense Technical Information Center, 01 SEP 1998.
Edition/Format:   eBook : English
Summary:
On August 20, 1998 the United States launched retaliatory and preemptive missile strikes against training bases and infrastructure in Afghanistan used by groups affiliated with radical extremist and terrorist financier Usama bin Laden. A "pharmaceutical" plant in Sudan, making a critical nerve gas component, was destroyed as well. This is the first time the United States has unreservedly acknowledged a preemptive  Read more...
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Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Raphael F Perl; LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE.
OCLC Number: 318683154
Notes: Congressional rept.
Description: 7 pages ; 23 x 29 cm

Abstract:

On August 20, 1998 the United States launched retaliatory and preemptive missile strikes against training bases and infrastructure in Afghanistan used by groups affiliated with radical extremist and terrorist financier Usama bin Laden. A "pharmaceutical" plant in Sudan, making a critical nerve gas component, was destroyed as well. This is the first time the United States has unreservedly acknowledged a preemptive military strike against a terrorist organization or network. This has led to speculation that faced with a growing number of major attacks on U.S. persons and property and mounting casualties, U.S. policy makers may be setting a new direction in counterterrorism -- a more proactive and global policy, less constrained when targeting terrorists, their bases, or infrastructure. Questions raised include the following: What is the nature and extent of any actual policy shift?; What are its pros and cons?; and What other policy options exist? Issues of special concern to Congress include the following: (1) U.S. domestic and overseas preparedness for terrorist attacks and retaliatory strikes; (2) the need for consultation with Congress over policy shifts which might result in an undeclared type of war; and (3) sustaining public and Congressional support for a long-term policy which may prove costly in dollars, initial up-front loss of human lives, and potential restrictions on civil liberties. Whether to change the presidential ban on assassinations and whether to place Afghanistan on the "terrorism" list warrants attention as well. This short report is intended for Members and staffers who cover terrorism and U.S. foreign and defense policy. It will be updated as events warrant. For more information, see CRS Issue Brief 95112, "Terrorism, the Future and U.S. Foreign Policy" and CRS Report 98-722F, "Terrorism: Middle East Groups and State Sponsors."

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Primary Entity

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