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Thalamus-Chapter 20

Author: Gerard Percheron Affiliation: Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Medicale Paris, France
Edition/Format: Chapter Chapter : English
Summary:
The thalamus is a diencephalic symmetrical ovalshaped mass located between the brainstem below and the telencephalon above, from the posterior commissure to the foramen of Monro. The medial aspect is observable after a sagittal section through the third ventricle. The stria medullaris thalami starting from the ganglion habenulae goes up to the anterior tubercle with the taenia thalami. This is the line of attachment  Read more...
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All Authors / Contributors: Gerard Percheron Affiliation: Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Medicale Paris, France
ISBN: 978-0-12-547626-3
Publication:The Human Nervous System; 592-675; Elsevier Inc.
Language Note: English
Unique Identifier: 4934574442
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Abstract:

The thalamus is a diencephalic symmetrical ovalshaped mass located between the brainstem below and the telencephalon above, from the posterior commissure to the foramen of Monro. The medial aspect is observable after a sagittal section through the third ventricle. The stria medullaris thalami starting from the ganglion habenulae goes up to the anterior tubercle with the taenia thalami. This is the line of attachment of the tela that forms the roof of the third ventricle. The medial view of the thalamus shows two parts in relation to the line of attachment: below is ventricular or periventricular and above is extraventricular. In many species, there is in the third ventricle an adhaesio interthalamica. This is missing in 30% of the human cases, not depending on gender or age. Furthermore, the chapter discusses which cerebral elements really belong to the thalamus. The tradition relied on large ontogenic, embryologic subdivisions. Recent studies, using gene expression, favor the “neuromeric model.” In this model, the hypothalamus is no more diencephalic.

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