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The Armed Forces and Transitions from Authoritarian Rule
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The Armed Forces and Transitions from Authoritarian Rule

Author: Terence Lee
Publisher: Sage Publications
Edition/Format: Article Article : English
Publication:Comparative Political Studies, 42, no. 5 (2009): 640-669
Other Databases: British Library SerialsWorldCat

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Document Type: Article
All Authors / Contributors: Terence Lee
Language Note: English
Unique Identifier: 439389815


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    schema:about <> ; # democratization
    schema:about <> ; # military
    schema:about <> ; # authoritarianism
    schema:about <> ; # Philippines
    schema:about <> ; # civil--military relations
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    schema:about <> ; # pacts
    schema:about <> ; # Indonesia
    schema:about <> ; # transitions
    schema:creator <> ; # Terence Lee
    schema:datePublished "2009-05-01" ;
    schema:description "Studies of transitions from authoritarian rule have shown that militaries play decisive roles in authoritarian breakdowns. The military possesses coercive resources that can suppress any challenge to authoritarian rule. This article explains why and under what conditions militaries in authoritarian regimes, when faced with popular demonstrations, will support the path of political liberalization. The study argues that armed forces are likely to back transitions from authoritarianism when there is intense conflict within the military; and arising from these contestations, marginalized officers (losers) either enter into a pact with the domestic opposition or have foreign support to act against the regime. The losers' decision to turn against authoritarianism is a move to eliminate the regime and their rivals within the armed forces. The author illustrates this argument in the February 1986 Philippines People Power revolution and May 1998 collapse of Indonesia's President Suharto's regime." ;
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