|All Authors / Contributors:
KL Nowend; AN Starr-Moss; KE Murphy
The domestic dog is of great benefit to humankind, not only through companionship and working activities cultivated through domestication and selective breeding, but also as a model for biomedical research. Many single-gene traits have been well-characterized at the genomic level, and recent advances in whole-genome association studies will allow for better understanding of complex, multigenic hereditary diseases. Additionally, the dog serves as an invaluable large animal model for assessment of novel therapeutic agents. Thus, the dog has filled a crucial step in the translation of basic research to new treatment regimens for various human diseases. Four well-characterized diseases in canine models are discussed as they relate to other animal model availability, novel therapeutic approach, and extrapolation to human gene therapy trials.