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In this paper the origin of the Camphill Movement will be outlined. Particular attention will be paid to the influence of the Moravian Brethren educational model in the development of the Camphill Schools. A key influence which helped to shape Camphill philosophy and practice was the writing of Jan Amos Comenius (1592-1670), a bishop in the Moravian Church, who is widely viewed as the founder of modern education. The paper briefly describes the development by Camphill School Aberdeen and the University of Aberdeen of the BA in Social Pedagogy which takes a holistic--Comenian--approach to the education and care of children and young people. The question is posed whether the social pedagogic impulse can be sustained in the present economic climate when deep cuts are being made in educational and social welfare expenditure.