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Theory of Mind and Central Coherence in Adults with High-Functioning Autism or Asperger Syndrome
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Theory of Mind and Central Coherence in Adults with High-Functioning Autism or Asperger Syndrome

Verfasser/in: Renae Beaumont; Peter Newcombe
Verlag: SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: journals@sagepub.com; Web site: http://sagepub.com.
Ausgabe/Format Artikel Artikel : English
Veröffentichung:Autism: The International Journal of Research & Practice, v10 n4 p365-382 2006
Datenbank:ERIC Die ERIC-Datenbank ist eine Initiative des U.S. Departements of Education
Andere Datenbanken: MEDLINEBritish Library SerialsECO
Zusammenfassung:
The study investigated theory of mind and central coherence abilities in adults with high-functioning autism (HFA) or Asperger syndrome (AS) using naturalistic tasks. Twenty adults with HFA/AS correctly answered significantly fewer theory of mind questions than 20 controls on a forced-choice response task. On a narrative task, there were no differences in the proportion of mental state words between the two groups,  Weiterlesen…
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Dokumenttyp: Aufsatz
Alle Autoren: Renae Beaumont; Peter Newcombe
ISSN:1362-3613
Sprachhinweis: English
Identifikator: 425067130
Auszeichnungen:
Beschreibung: 18

Abstract:

The study investigated theory of mind and central coherence abilities in adults with high-functioning autism (HFA) or Asperger syndrome (AS) using naturalistic tasks. Twenty adults with HFA/AS correctly answered significantly fewer theory of mind questions than 20 controls on a forced-choice response task. On a narrative task, there were no differences in the proportion of mental state words between the two groups, although the participants with HFA/AS were less inclined to provide explanations for characters' mental states. No between-group differences existed on the central coherence questions of the forced-choice response task, and the participants with HFA/AS included an equivalent proportion of explanations for non-mental state phenomena in their narratives as did controls. These results support the theory of mind deficit account of autism spectrum disorders, and suggest that difficulties in mental state attribution cannot be exclusively attributed to weak central coherence. (Contains 1 table and 2 figures.)

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