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Theory of Mind and Central Coherence in Adults with High-Functioning Autism or Asperger Syndrome
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Theory of Mind and Central Coherence in Adults with High-Functioning Autism or Asperger Syndrome

저자: Renae Beaumont; Peter Newcombe
출판사: SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: journals@sagepub.com; Web site: http://sagepub.com.
판/형식: 문서 문서 : English
출판:Autism: The International Journal of Research & Practice, v10 n4 p365-382 2006
데이터베이스:ERIC ERIC 데이터베이스는 미국 교육부의 시작입니다.
다른 데이터베이스: MEDLINEBritish Library SerialsECO
요약:
The study investigated theory of mind and central coherence abilities in adults with high-functioning autism (HFA) or Asperger syndrome (AS) using naturalistic tasks. Twenty adults with HFA/AS correctly answered significantly fewer theory of mind questions than 20 controls on a forced-choice response task. On a narrative task, there were no differences in the proportion of mental state words between the two groups,  더 읽기…
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문서 형식: 아티클
모든 저자 / 참여자: Renae Beaumont; Peter Newcombe
ISSN:1362-3613
언어 메모: English
고유 식별자: 425067130
상:
설명: 18

초록:

The study investigated theory of mind and central coherence abilities in adults with high-functioning autism (HFA) or Asperger syndrome (AS) using naturalistic tasks. Twenty adults with HFA/AS correctly answered significantly fewer theory of mind questions than 20 controls on a forced-choice response task. On a narrative task, there were no differences in the proportion of mental state words between the two groups, although the participants with HFA/AS were less inclined to provide explanations for characters' mental states. No between-group differences existed on the central coherence questions of the forced-choice response task, and the participants with HFA/AS included an equivalent proportion of explanations for non-mental state phenomena in their narratives as did controls. These results support the theory of mind deficit account of autism spectrum disorders, and suggest that difficulties in mental state attribution cannot be exclusively attributed to weak central coherence. (Contains 1 table and 2 figures.)

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