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Thermophilic microorganisms and life at high temperatures

Author: Thomas D Brock
Publisher: New York : Springer-Verlag, ©1978.
Series: Springer series in microbiology.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Brock, Thomas D.
Thermophilic microorganisms and life at high temperatures.
New York : Springer-Verlag, ©1978
(OCoLC)656176468
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Thomas D Brock
ISBN: 0387903097 9780387903095 3540903097 9783540903093
OCLC Number: 3843248
Description: xi, 465 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm.
Contents: 1 Introduction.- Extreme Environments.- Environmental Extremes.- Evolutionary Considerations.- References.- 2 The Habitats.- Origins of Thermal Environments.- Constancy of Temperature.- Long-term Constancy.- The Death of Mushroom Spring.- Locations of Hot Springs Studied.- Choosing Springs for Study.- Effect of Temperature on Physical and Chemical Parameters.- Effect of Temperature on Biologically Active Substances.- Chemistry of Hot Springs.- Bimodal pH Distribution of Hot Springs of the World.- Drilling and Subsurface Chemistry.- References.- 3 The Organisms: General Overview.- Temperature and Species Diversity.- Is There an Upper Temperature for Life?.- The Work of Setchell.- Taxonomic Confusion between Blue-green Algae and Nonchlorophyllous Procaryotes (Bacteria).- Well-characterized Thermophilic Procaryotes.- Thermophilic Eucaryotes.- The Upper Temperature Limit for Eucaryotes.- References.- 4 The Genus Thermus.- Isolation Procedures and Habitat.- Morphology of Thermus aquaticus.- Physiological and Nutritional Characteristics.- Thermostable Enzymes of Thermus aquaticus.- Protein Synthesis.- Lipids and Membranes of Thermus aquaticus.- Final Words.- References.- 5 The Genus Thermoplasma.- Characteristics of Thermoplasma.- DNA Base Composition.- Nomenclature.- Habitats of Thermoplasma.- Specific Isolation Procedures for Thermoplasma.- Serological Studies.- Cellular Stability of Thermoplasma.- The Lipids of Thermoplasma.- Membrane Vesicles and Spin Label Studies.- Intracellular pH.- Osmotic Relations of Thermoplasma.- The Nature of the Yeast Extract Requirement.- Nutrition in the Natural Habitat.- Evolution of Thermoplasma.- References.- 6 The Genus Sulfolobus.- Morphology of Sulfolobus.- Nature of the Cell Wall.- Pili and Attachment to Sulfur.- Taxonomy.- Specific Isolation Procedures.- Habitats.- Temperature Relations.- Serology.- Cellular Stability.- Lipids of Sulfolobus.- Sulfur Oxidation.- CO2 Fixation.- Sulfide Oxidation.- Ferrous Iron Oxidation.- Ferric Iron Reduction.- Heterotrophic Nutrition.- Leaching and Oxidation of Sulfide Minerals.- Growth Rates of Sulfolobus in Nature.- Ecology of Sulfolobus in Hot Acid Soils.- Biogeography and Dispersal.- Evolution of Sulfolobus.- References.- 7 The Genus Chloroflexus.- Isolation and Culture of Chloroflexus.- Morphology of Chloroflexus.- Nutritional Studies on Chloroflexus.- Sulfur Metabolism of Chloroflexus.- Pigments of Chloroflexus.- Physiology of CO2 Fixation.- Habitat of Chloroflexus.- Ecology of Chloroflexus in Hot Springs.- Adaptation of Chloroflexus to Various Light Intensities.- Evolutionary Significance of Chloroflexus.- References.- 8 The Thermophilic Blue-green Algae.- Cultivation of Thermophilic Blue-green Algae.- The Genus Mastigocladus.- The Genus Synechococcus.- Light Responses and Adaptation of Thermophilic Blue-green Algae.- The Effect of Wide Temperature Fluctuations on Blue-green Algae.- References.- 9 The Genus Cyanidium.- Culture, Isolation, and Structure of Cyanidium.- Lipids of Cyanidium.- Pigments and Photosynthesis of Cyanidium.- Habitat of Cyanidium.- Temperature Limits of Cyanidium.- Absence of Temperature Strains in Cyanidium.- Growth Rates of Cyanidium in Nature.- Relationship to pH.- Effect of Light Intensity.- Heterotrophy of Cyanidium: Ecological Significance.- Nitrogen Nutrition of Cyanidium.- Biogeography of Cyanidium.- References.- 10 Life in Boiling Water.- Bacterial Growth Rates above 90 C.- Upper Temperature for Life.- Limits of Microbial Existence: Temperature and pH.- The Bacteria of Boulder Spring.- The Bacteria of Octopus Spring.- In Retrospect.- References.- 11 Stromatolites: Yellowstone Analogues.- Siliceous Algal and Bacterial Stromatolites in Hot Springs and Geyser Effluents of Yellowstone National Park.- Controls of Stromatolite Morphogenesis and Lamination Production.- Studies on the Reasons for Node Formation by Phormidium.- Photosynthesis in Intact and Dispersed Nodes.- Bacterial Stromatolites.- References.- 12 A Sour World: Life and Death at Low pH.- Lower pH Limit for Living Organisms.- Lower pH Limit for the Existence of Blue-green Algae.- The Eucaryotic Alga Zygogonium.- Bacteria.- Rate of Sulfuric Acid Production in Yellowstone Solfataras.- References.- 13 The Firehole River.- General Features of the River.- Thermal Regime of the River.- Chemical Alteration of the River.- Biological Effects.- Algal Studies.- Bacterial Studies.- Fish in the Firehole River.- Conclusion.- References.- 14 Some Personal History.- Personnel Involved in Yellowstone Research Project.- Bibliographic Note.- Public Service.- Movies and Television.- The West Yellowstone Laboratory.- The Decision to Quit.
Series Title: Springer series in microbiology.
Responsibility: Thomas D. Brock.

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