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To secure these blessings; the great debates of the Constitutional Convention of 1787, arranged according to topics,

Author: Saul Kussiel Padover; United States. Constitutional Convention
Publisher: New York, Washington Square Press [1962]
Edition/Format:   Print book : Conference publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
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Genre/Form: Constitution
Additional Physical Format: Online version:
United States. Constitutional Convention (1787).
To secure these blessings.
New York, Washington Square Press [1962]
(OCoLC)577109723
Online version:
United States. Constitutional Convention (1787).
To secure these blessings.
New York, Washington Square Press [1962]
(OCoLC)606038377
Material Type: Conference publication
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Saul Kussiel Padover; United States. Constitutional Convention
OCLC Number: 8989589
Description: 464 pages illustrations, portraits, facsimiles 24 cm
Contents: 1. Plans and proposals : Organization : Opening ; the rules. The Randolph plan : Randolph opens the debates ; His fifteen resolutions ; General agreement to form a national government ; The question of proportional representation ; General agreement on two branches ; Should the people elect the House ; Should the State Legislatures elect the Senate ; Question resumed ; The powers of the National Legislature discussed ; Election of the House by State Legislature rejected ; Proportional representation resumed ; Ratio of representation discussed ; Equality in Senate debated ; Oath of Office discussed. The Paterson plan : Paterson’s nine resolutions ; Opposition to Paterson and Randolph plans ; Paterson defends his plan ; The two plans are compared ; Comments ; Randolph defends his plan ; Paterson's plan postponed ; Hamilton introduces his own ideas on government ; Madison discusses Paterson's plan ; Paterson’s plan rejected and Randolph’s resumed. Resumption of the Randolph plan : Term "United States" government substituted for "National" ; Question of a two-branch legislature ; Agreement on a two-branch legislature ; Election of the House by the people resumed ; Election of the Senate by legislatures approved ; Pinckney analyzes the political situation ; Rights of states defended ; Argument continued ; Argument becomes "endless controversy" ; Equality of states in the Senate moved ; Equality of states argued ; Move for equality defended ; Move for equality attacked ; Debate deadlocked. The "great compromise" : All-state committee to break deadlock ; Committee’s report stirs opposition ; Ratio of representation debated again ; The question of negro representation ; Negro representation resumed ; One vote per state in the Senate approved ; Equality of states in Senate postponed ; The "endless controversy" resumed ; State powers versus national powers ; The "supreme law" accepted ; Republican form of government guaranteed to each state ; Two Senators per state approved --
2. Congress in general : Powers and limitations : The question of originating money bills ; Credit bills eliminated ; War powers discussed ; Power to raise armies debated ; Question of militia renews controversy over states’ rights ; Tax powers debated ; Tax on exports prohibited ; Regulation of commerce ; Power to define treason granted ; Ex Post Facto laws prohibited ; Importation of slaves debated ; Slave imports forbidden after 1808 ; Power to veto state laws prohibited. Suffrage and qualifications : The right of suffrage discussed ; Non-freeholders permitted to vote ; "Certain persons" disqualified for office ; residence requirements ; Plural office holding. Organization of the Congress : Time of meeting ; Salaries ; Quorum ; Right of expulsion ; Journal of proceedings ; The seat of government --
3. The House and Senate : The House of Representatives : Term of office debated ; Two-year term approved ; Question of re-eligibility debated ; Age qualification ; Property qualification ; Citizenship qualification ; Number of members ; Census and representation ; Periodic census approved ; Reapportionment based on population ; National treasury to pay salaries. The Senate : Question of length of term ; Madison argues for a long term ; Sherman favors frequent elections ; Hamilton agrees with Madison ; Gerry favors a short term ; Nine-year term defeated, six-year term approved ; Age qualification ; Compromise on citizenship qualification ; Salaries discussed ; Treaty powers debated ; Two-thirds treaty concurrence approved --
4. The executive : Nature of : Single or plural executive? ; Single executive approved. Term of service : Debate on a seven-year term ; debate on “during good behavior” ; Seven year term defeated ; A fifteen- or twenty-year term? ; Severn-year term introduced ; Four-year term approved ; Re-eligibility of the executive ; Re-eligibility reconsidered. Mode of election : Should the people or the legislatures elect? ; Election by the legislature defeated ; Election by state governors defeated ; Election by legislature resumed ; Election by special electors approved ; Ratio of electors decided ; Special electors reconsidered ; Election by legislature reconsidered ; election by legislature defeated ; election by the people reconsidered ; Senate’s role in presidential elections ; Election by legislature defeated again ; Election by Senate reconsidered ; Election by House in case of a tie. Salary : Franklin opposes executive salary. Powers and controls :Treaty power ; Pardoning power ; Absolute executive veto denied ; Two-thirds of legislature overrules veto ; Three-fourths overrules veto ; Veto of Bills ; Question of Impeachment introduced ; Causes for Impeachment debated ; Method of Impeachment agreed upon. Vice President and "Cabinet" : To preside over Senate ; Question of an executive council --
5. The judiciary : Establishment and appointment : Creation of a national judiciary ; question of lower tribunals ; Executive nomination of judiciary debated ; Legislative nomination debated ; Nomination by the executive approved ; To serve "During good behaviour" ; To receive fixed salaries. "Judicial review" : A "council of revision" Introduced ; Judicial-executive veto rejected ; "Council of revision" reconsidered and rejected --
6. Amendment : Amendment process : Amendment procedure debated ; Amendment on application of two-thirds of states approved --
7. Ratification : Ratification : The ratification problem introduced ; Mode of ratification debated ; Question of ratification resumed ; Ratification by nine states approved ; Approbation of Congress rejected. The document : The drafting committee ; Completion of the document ; Report ; Letter ; Report of the committee on style. Final questions : Proposal for public address defeated ; Randolph requests another convention ; Motion unanimously defeated ; The journal of the proceedings. The signing : Washington appeals to the delegates ; Franklin praises the Constitution ; Arguments over signing ; Dr. Franklin has the last word.
Responsibility: by Saul K. Padover.

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