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Towards a science of peace, turning point in human destiny.

Author: Theodore F Lentz
Publisher: New York, Bookman Associates [1955]
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Theodore F Lentz
OCLC Number: 407690
Notes: Second printing in the United States of America, 1961.
Description: 196 pages 23 cm
Contents: 1. Setting, mankind at the crossroads : Human race seems sick and unsuited to choose between sanity and suicide ; Through inadvertence and ignorance, men are making unprecedented preparation for unprecedented physical and social calamity ; This book proposes that we emphasize and extend science as a method for finding the remedy 2. Crisis in culture : Man is the victim of a vast dynamic culture which lacks unity and balance ; This culture consists of an enormous complex of conflicting values, unwieldy organizations, extensive but one-sided knowledge and technology, and a vast array of powerful tools for physical construction and destruction of miraculous and deadly proportions ; Man can only save himself by redirecting his culture through new uses of his intelligence at higher levels of co-operation 3. Society misorganized : Man as an individual is helpless, and as a group is ill organized to achieve the greater destiny which his physical environment and his social and psychological nature make possible ; A vast pattern of ill-directed and powerful institutions deprive him of his primitive freedom and co-ordinate his efforts for gigantic and disastrous antagonisms ; Men seem ill prepared by attitude and information for the global solidarity required for survival and continuous progress in the atomic age 4. Science in misorder : The tragic plight of mankind at the present moment is due to an ever-widening discrepancy in two lines of development, namely, physical power and social harmony, a fact which makes conflict ever more intolerably dangerous and disastrous ; This discrepancy is due to the uneven application of the scientific method to the two areas of physical and human relations ; 'Science has found out the right things in the wrong order' (Raymond Fodick) ; To remedy this, a profound redirection of human intellectual energies is required ; This in turn requires some sharp revisions in our attitudes and ideas 5. Ideological blockades to a science of peace : Scientific attitude toward peace is blocked by two interlocking assumptions ; One is that we already know all we need to know ; The other is that scientific intelligence is not suited to develop the kind of wisdom that we now lack ; This latter assumption is due to false assumptions regarding the nature of attitude and the nature of science ; However, scientific method is potentially applicable to all systematically observable behavior including human behavior-attitudinal, emotional, or otherwise 6. Articles of faith : For work towards a science of peace, one needs : Faith in the possibility of striking progress in the democratic harmonization of human purposes ; Faith in the utility of facts as yet undiscovered ; Faith in their discoverability by the utmost use of human intelligence ; Faith in the creative evolution and redirection of scientific method of research ; Faith in the existence and applicability of the motive of universal human betterment to supplant the motive of partisan utility superimposed upon the motive of pure science 7. What is meant by a science of peace : The method of science when fundamentally conceived is highly suited to the problem of peace when conceived in psychological and political and operational terms ; Scientific research is a process in which discipline curiosity makes utmost sue of intelligence to formulate, develop, and progressively answer meaningful and relevant questions by the aid of purposeful observation and reason ; Science of peace represents part of the much needed democratization of science 8. Outlining the research : A tentative outline, of a broad scientific programme of international and opinion-attitude research, for identifying and exposing democratically and co-operatively the mutual misunderstandings and other factors which lead to international conflict and slaughter, is presented ; This illustrative programme demonstrates that social science planning of wide scope and specific relevance is feasible 9. Speed and manpower : Is there time? Are men available? ; The factors which affect the speed of particular sciences can be discerned ; One of these-the number of men on the job-is susceptible to deliberate and direct control ; The human resource, some trained by mostly untrained, for an all-out search for the truth sufficient for survival is available ; (War departments have their human resources research progreammes, why not do as much for peace?) 10. Manpower through money power : The half-truth that peace cannot be bought must be challenged ; Peace waging (no less than war waging) requires a division of labour and this division of labour, no less than any other, necessitates an adequate use of the medium of exchange 11. Individual and group action : Peace action, including research action, cannot take place unless individuals act and act co-operatively ; Pertinent behavior on the part of a few 'common men of uncommon courage' in each of many communities could generate dynamic nuclei of humanistic and scientific sanity ; Such grass-roots groups, if suitably designed and adequately 'advertised', could add up to a world wide society for the promotion of a science of peace 12. Résumé : This world needs nothing so immediately as the elimination of war ; For this we lack necessary and adequate understanding ; Intelligent and serious and organized search for this knowledge is our greatest imperative ; Helping to provide a new division of labour for this search can become the opportunity of any concerned person anywhere in the world.
Responsibility: With a foreword by Julian Huxley.

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