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Trade and development when exports lack diversification : a case study from Malawi

Author: Suresh Chand Persaud; Birgit Gisela Saager Meade; United States. Department of Agriculture. Economic Research Service.
Publisher: [Washington, D.C.] : U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, [2009]
Series: Economic research report (United States. Department of Agriculture. Economic Research Service), no. 77.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : National government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
Developing countries, particularly those that depend heavily on a small number of agricultural exports, are vulnerable to domestic and international shocks. These countries often have difficulty achieving sustained economic growth. This analysis uses Malawi, a country that earns most of its foreign exchange from tobacco, as a case study of export concentration and heavy exposure to volatility. The econometric  Read more...
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Details

Genre/Form: Case studies
Material Type: Document, Government publication, National government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Suresh Chand Persaud; Birgit Gisela Saager Meade; United States. Department of Agriculture. Economic Research Service.
OCLC Number: 429904760
Notes: Title from web page (ERS, viewed Aug. 10, 2009).
"July 2009."
Description: 1 online resource (iv, 36 pages) : illustrations.
Details: Mode of access: WWW browser and PDF reader.
Series Title: Economic research report (United States. Department of Agriculture. Economic Research Service), no. 77.
Other Titles: Case study from Malawi
Responsibility: Suresh Chand Persaud, Birgit Gisela Saager Meade.

Abstract:

Developing countries, particularly those that depend heavily on a small number of agricultural exports, are vulnerable to domestic and international shocks. These countries often have difficulty achieving sustained economic growth. This analysis uses Malawi, a country that earns most of its foreign exchange from tobacco, as a case study of export concentration and heavy exposure to volatility. The econometric results suggest that the decline in Malawi's gross domestic product (GDP) when tobacco exports are falling is almost three times greater than the increase in GDP when exports are rising. Model-based simulations indicate that variability in tobacco exports leads to slower economic growth because GDP falls by a relatively large amount in response to a given decrease in exports, while recovering little during an upswing in exports. Gains in tobacco yield and improvements in marketing efficiency, however, can help buffer Malawi's GDP from variability in export revenues.

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