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Transformations : women, gender, and psychology

Author: Mary Crawford
Publisher: Boston, Mass. : McGraw-Hill, ©2006.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : English : 1st edView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:

Presents a framework for understanding how the lives of all people are shaped by gender. This text offers gender as a social system that is used to categorize people and is linked to power and  Read more...

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Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Crawford, Mary (Mary E.).
Transformations.
Boston, Mass. : McGraw-Hill, ©2006
(DLC) 2004063175
(OCoLC)57134343
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Mary Crawford
OCLC Number: 654296953
Description: 1 online resource (xxvum 479 pages) : illustrations
Contents: pt. 1. Introduction --
1. Paving the way --
Beginnings --
How did the psychology of women get started? --
Psychology and the women's movement --
Voices from the margins : a history --
What is feminism? --
Feminism has many meanings --
Is there a simple definition? --
Methods and values in psychological research --
Toward gender-fair research --
Feminist values in research --
About this book --
A personal reflection --
Exploring further. pt. 2. Gender in social context --
2. Gender, status, and power --
What is gender? --
Gender shapes societies and cultures --
Gender and power --
Justifying gender inequality --
Gender shapes social interactions --
The cognitive impact of gender --
Gender as a presentation of self --
"Doing gender" --
Gender shapes individuals --
Identity, power, and gender differences --
Sexist attitudes --
Linking the levels of gender : a summary --
The gender system and violence --
Making a difference --
Transforming ourselves --
Transforming interpersonal relations --
Transforming the structures of inequality --
Exploring further --
3. Images of women --
Words can never hurt me? --
Language about women and men --
Language about violence --
Worth a thousand words : media images --
Representing women and men --
Face-ism and sexualization --
Diversity and the media --
Invisible women --
Do sexist images matter? --
Language, imagery, and stereotypes about women and men --
The content of gender stereotypes --
Sexuality stereotypes --
Race and social class stereotypes --
Cross-cultural similarities and differences in gender stereotypes --
Are stereotypes accurate? --
The impact of stereotypes --
Stereotypes, the self, and stereotype threat --
Stereotypes, status, and power --
Stereotypes and sexist behavior --
Stereotypes are hard to change --
The problem of pornography --
What is "pornography"? --
Pornography is pervasive --
Stereotypes in pornography --
Pornography as violence against women --
Making a difference --
Transforming language --
Alternative images --
How not to stereotype --
Education and activism --
Exploring further --
4. The meanings of difference --
The politics of difference and similarity --
Defining difference and similarity --
Measuring differences --
Interpreting results : values and ideology in research --
Gendering cognition : "girls can't do math" --
What factors influence mathematics performance? --
Social implications of gendered cognition --
Gendering emotion : "boys don't cry" --
Emotional stereotypes --
Culture, ethnicity, and emotionality --
Emotionality and social interaction --
Emotion internalized --
Social implications of gendered emotionality --
Making a difference --
The individual level : thinking critically --
The interactional level : difference and discrimination --
The sociocultura level : creating opportunities for equality --
Cam similarities and differences be reconciled? --
Exploring further. pt. 3. Gender and development --
5. Sex, gender, and bodies --
How does sex develop? --
Sexual differentiation during fetal development --
Variations in fetal development --
Sex, gender identity, and gender typing --
Growing up with Turner's syndrome --
Androgen insensitivity and identity --
The impact of CAH --
Transsexualism --
Sex and sexual orientation --
Is there a gay gene? --
Hormones and sexual orientation --
Sex as a social construction --
Constructing two sexes --
Constructing transsexualism --
Beyond the binary --
More than two sexes --
The transgender movement --
Making a difference --
Transforming society : equality for sexual minorities --
Transforming ourselves : accepting biological and social diversity --
Exploring further --
6. Gendered identities : childhood and adolescence --
Theories of gender development --
Social learning theory --
Cognitive theories --
Gender in the child's daily life --
Parental influences --
Peer influences --
Gendered environments --
Media influences --
Ethnicity, social class, and gender typing --
Vulnerabilities of childhood --
Childhood sexual abuse --
Children and poverty --
Leaving childhood behind : puberty and adolescence --
Changing bodies --
Gender intensification --
Vulnerabilities of adolescence --
Self-silencing and self-esteem --
Peer culture and harassment --
Making a difference --
Transforming society : protecting children from abuse --
Transforming social interactions --
Transforming ourselves : resisting gender --
Exploring further --
7. In a woman's body / chapter contributed by Britain Scott --
Bodily objectification of women --
Origins of objectification --
A biological basis for objectification? --
Constructing gender through female bodies --
Power and objectification : the male gaze --
Objectification in popular culture --
Beauty images and myths --
Women's bodies as sexual entertainment --
Distortion and dehumanization --
Consequences of objectification for girls and women --
The inside view : body image and self-esteem --
The outside-in view : self- objectification --
The outside view : women's bodies in social interaction --
From object to subject : the embodied woman --
The contradiction between femininity and physical activity --
Constructing the femininity and heterosexuality of women athletes --
Benefits of embodied experience for girls and women --
Making a difference --
Transforming society : challenging objectification --
Transforming social interactions : seeing the woman in the body--
Transforming ourselves : education and embodiment --
Exploring further --
Web sites. pt. 4. Gendered life paths --
8. Sex, love, and romance --
How is sexuality shaped by culture? --
What are sexual scripts? --
How do sexual scripts differ across cultures? --
Adolescent sexuality --
How does sexuality emerge in the teen years? --
What factors influence the decision to have sex? --
Are teens having safer sex? --
Experiencing sexuality --
First intercourse : less than bliss? --
How do women experience orgasm? --
Evils of masturbation or joys of self-pleasure? --
Lesbian and bisexual women --
A social history of lesbianism --
Defining sexual orientations --
Developing a lesbian or bisexual identity --
Romantic love and sexual pleasure --
Romantic love as a cultural script --
The experience of romantic love --
Do romantic scripts affect women's sexual experiences? --
Do romantic scripts lead to sexual dysfunction? --
Sexuality in social context --
Controlling women's sexuality --
Attractiveness and sexual desirability --
Disability and sexuality --
Is sex talk sexist? --
Studs and sluts : is there still a double standard? --
Silencing women's desire --
Violence in close relationships --
Dating violence --
Sexual coercion and acquaintance rape --
Making a difference --
Ending relationship violence --
Sex as a subject, not an object --
Exploring further --
9. Commitments : women and close relationships --
Marriage --
Who marries and when? --
Who marries whom? --
"Marrying up" and "marrying down" : the marriage gradient --
Varieties of marriage --
Power in marriage --
Happily ever after? Marital satisfaction and psychological adjustment --
What make a marriage last? --
Lesbian couples --
Lesbian and heterosexual couples compared --
What are the characteristics of enduring lesbian relationships? --
Power in lesbian relationships --
Satisfaction in lesbian relationships --
Cohabiting couples --
Who cohabits and why? --
Does living together affect later marriage? --
Ending the commitment : divorce and separation --
What are the causes and consequences of divorce? --
Breaking up : when relationships end without divorce --
Remarriage --
Domestic violence : the psychological and physical abuse of women --
Recognizing a hidden problem --
Making a difference --
Ending domestic violence --
Equality and commitment --
Exploring further --
10. Mothering --
Images of mothers and motherhood --
The decision to have a child --
Why do women choose to have children? --
The motherhood mandate --
Childless by choice or circumstance? --
How does society restrict women's choices? --
Technology and choice --
The transition to motherhood --
How does motherhood change work and marital roles? --
Do mothers face impossible ideals? --
Sexuality and motherhood --
Psychological effects of bodily changes during pregnancy --
How do others react to pregnant women? --
Motherhood and women's identity --
The event of childbirth --
How is the meaning of childbirth socially constructed? --
Is childbirth a medical crisis? --
Family-centered childbirth --
Depression following childbirth : why? --
Experiences of mothering --
Teen mothers --
Single mothers --
Black mothers and the matriarchal myth --
Lesbian mothers --
Commonalities --
Making a difference --
Transforming social policy : redefining family values --
Transforming social meanings : redefining parenthood --
Exploring further --
11. Work and achievement --
If she isn't pad, is it still work? --
Housework : the double day --
Relational work : keeping everybody happy --
Status work : the two-person career --
What are the costs and benefits of invisible work? --
Working hard for a living : women in the paid workforce --
Sex segregation --
Women's work as extension of family roles : "it's only natural" --
The wage gap --
Doing gender in the workplace --
Attributions for success and failure --
Devaluing women's performance --
Discrimination in hiring and promotion --
Social reactions to token women --
Role models and mentors --
Leadership : do women do it differently? --
Sexual harassment from nine to five --
Defining sexual harassment --
The prevalence of harassment --
What are the causes of harassment? --
The consequences of harassment --
Women's career development : are there obstacles from within? --
Do women have different values and interests? --
Are women less motivated to achieve? --
Exceptional work lives --
Achievement in the professions --
Blue-collar women --
Putting it all together : work and family --
What are the costs of the balancing act? --
What are the benefits of the balancing act? --
Making a difference : women, work, and social policy --
Exploring further --
12. The second half : midlife and aging --
Not just a number : the social meanings of age --
Is there a double standard of aging? --
Ageism --
Cross-cultural differences --
Self-identity and social identity --
Images of older women --
Invisibility --
Grannies and witches : stereotypes of older women --
The effects of age stereotypes --
In an aging woman's body --
Physical health in middle and later life --
Menopause and hormone replacement therapy --
Constructing the object of desire --
Exercise, sport, and fitness --
Sexuality in middle and later life --
Relationships : Continuity and change --
Friends and family --
Becoming a grandmother --
Caregiving : its costs and rewards --
Work and achievement --
Women in their prime --
Retirement --
Vulnerabilities of middle and later life --
Loss of a life partner --
Poverty --
Elder abuse --
Making a difference --
Transforming society : elder activism --
Transforming social interaction : taking charge of the second half --
Transforming ourselves : resisting ageism --
Exploring further. pt. 5. Gender and well being --
13. Psychological disorders, therapy, and women's well-being / chapter contributed by Britain Scott --
Sexist bias in defining disorders --
The social construction of abnormality --
Women's behavior as abnormal --
The diagnostic and statistical manual (DSM) --
Blaming women for distress and disorders --
Gender-linked psychological disorders --
Why are there sex-related differences in the rates of some disorders? --
Which disorders are diagnosed more frequently in women? --
Sexist bias in the treatment of psychological disorders --
Institutionalizing women --
Mediating women --
Traditional psychotherapy --
Feminist therapy --
Conducting feminist therapy --
Feminist therapy for a diversity of women --
Evaluating feminist therapy --
Making a difference --
Transforming ourselves : finding a feminist therapist --
Transforming social relations : challenging the "crazy woman" stereotype --
Transforming society : promoting women's psychological well-being --
Exploring further --
Films --
14. Making a difference : toward a better future for women --
Contemporary feminism --
The backlash against feminism --
Negative images of feminists --
Feminism as a "woman's problem" --
Women's attitudes toward feminism --
Feminist psychology and social change --
The changing face of psychology --
Image a world ... --
What can one student do?
Responsibility: Mary Crawford.

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schema:description"pt. 3. Gender and development -- 5. Sex, gender, and bodies -- How does sex develop? -- Sexual differentiation during fetal development -- Variations in fetal development -- Sex, gender identity, and gender typing -- Growing up with Turner's syndrome -- Androgen insensitivity and identity -- The impact of CAH -- Transsexualism -- Sex and sexual orientation -- Is there a gay gene? -- Hormones and sexual orientation -- Sex as a social construction -- Constructing two sexes -- Constructing transsexualism -- Beyond the binary -- More than two sexes -- The transgender movement -- Making a difference -- Transforming society : equality for sexual minorities -- Transforming ourselves : accepting biological and social diversity -- Exploring further -- 6. Gendered identities : childhood and adolescence -- Theories of gender development -- Social learning theory -- Cognitive theories -- Gender in the child's daily life -- Parental influences -- Peer influences -- Gendered environments -- Media influences -- Ethnicity, social class, and gender typing -- Vulnerabilities of childhood -- Childhood sexual abuse -- Children and poverty -- Leaving childhood behind : puberty and adolescence -- Changing bodies -- Gender intensification -- Vulnerabilities of adolescence -- Self-silencing and self-esteem -- Peer culture and harassment -- Making a difference -- Transforming society : protecting children from abuse -- Transforming social interactions -- Transforming ourselves : resisting gender -- Exploring further -- 7. In a woman's body / chapter contributed by Britain Scott -- Bodily objectification of women -- Origins of objectification -- A biological basis for objectification? -- Constructing gender through female bodies -- Power and objectification : the male gaze -- Objectification in popular culture -- Beauty images and myths -- Women's bodies as sexual entertainment -- Distortion and dehumanization -- Consequences of objectification for girls and women -- The inside view : body image and self-esteem -- The outside-in view : self- objectification -- The outside view : women's bodies in social interaction -- From object to subject : the embodied woman -- The contradiction between femininity and physical activity -- Constructing the femininity and heterosexuality of women athletes -- Benefits of embodied experience for girls and women -- Making a difference -- Transforming society : challenging objectification -- Transforming social interactions : seeing the woman in the body-- Transforming ourselves : education and embodiment -- Exploring further -- Web sites."@en
schema:description"pt. 5. Gender and well being -- 13. Psychological disorders, therapy, and women's well-being / chapter contributed by Britain Scott -- Sexist bias in defining disorders -- The social construction of abnormality -- Women's behavior as abnormal -- The diagnostic and statistical manual (DSM) -- Blaming women for distress and disorders -- Gender-linked psychological disorders -- Why are there sex-related differences in the rates of some disorders? -- Which disorders are diagnosed more frequently in women? -- Sexist bias in the treatment of psychological disorders -- Institutionalizing women -- Mediating women -- Traditional psychotherapy -- Feminist therapy -- Conducting feminist therapy -- Feminist therapy for a diversity of women -- Evaluating feminist therapy -- Making a difference -- Transforming ourselves : finding a feminist therapist -- Transforming social relations : challenging the "crazy woman" stereotype -- Transforming society : promoting women's psychological well-being -- Exploring further -- Films -- 14. Making a difference : toward a better future for women -- Contemporary feminism -- The backlash against feminism -- Negative images of feminists -- Feminism as a "woman's problem" -- Women's attitudes toward feminism -- Feminist psychology and social change -- The changing face of psychology -- Image a world ... -- What can one student do?"@en
schema:description"pt. 4. Gendered life paths -- 8. Sex, love, and romance -- How is sexuality shaped by culture? -- What are sexual scripts? -- How do sexual scripts differ across cultures? -- Adolescent sexuality -- How does sexuality emerge in the teen years? -- What factors influence the decision to have sex? -- Are teens having safer sex? -- Experiencing sexuality -- First intercourse : less than bliss? -- How do women experience orgasm? -- Evils of masturbation or joys of self-pleasure? -- Lesbian and bisexual women -- A social history of lesbianism -- Defining sexual orientations -- Developing a lesbian or bisexual identity -- Romantic love and sexual pleasure -- Romantic love as a cultural script -- The experience of romantic love -- Do romantic scripts affect women's sexual experiences? -- Do romantic scripts lead to sexual dysfunction? -- Sexuality in social context -- Controlling women's sexuality -- Attractiveness and sexual desirability -- Disability and sexuality -- Is sex talk sexist? -- Studs and sluts : is there still a double standard? -- Silencing women's desire -- Violence in close relationships -- Dating violence -- Sexual coercion and acquaintance rape -- Making a difference -- Ending relationship violence -- Sex as a subject, not an object -- Exploring further -- 9. Commitments : women and close relationships -- Marriage -- Who marries and when? -- Who marries whom? -- "Marrying up" and "marrying down" : the marriage gradient -- Varieties of marriage -- Power in marriage -- Happily ever after? Marital satisfaction and psychological adjustment -- What make a marriage last? -- Lesbian couples -- Lesbian and heterosexual couples compared -- What are the characteristics of enduring lesbian relationships? -- Power in lesbian relationships -- Satisfaction in lesbian relationships -- Cohabiting couples -- Who cohabits and why? -- Does living together affect later marriage? -- Ending the commitment : divorce and separation -- What are the causes and consequences of divorce? -- Breaking up : when relationships end without divorce -- Remarriage -- Domestic violence : the psychological and physical abuse of women -- Recognizing a hidden problem -- Making a difference -- Ending domestic violence -- Equality and commitment -- Exploring further -- 10. Mothering -- Images of mothers and motherhood -- The decision to have a child -- Why do women choose to have children? -- The motherhood mandate -- Childless by choice or circumstance? -- How does society restrict women's choices? -- Technology and choice -- The transition to motherhood -- How does motherhood change work and marital roles? -- Do mothers face impossible ideals? -- Sexuality and motherhood -- Psychological effects of bodily changes during pregnancy -- How do others react to pregnant women? -- Motherhood and women's identity -- The event of childbirth -- How is the meaning of childbirth socially constructed? -- Is childbirth a medical crisis? -- Family-centered childbirth -- Depression following childbirth : why? -- Experiences of mothering -- Teen mothers -- Single mothers -- Black mothers and the matriarchal myth -- Lesbian mothers -- Commonalities -- Making a difference -- Transforming social policy : redefining family values -- Transforming social meanings : redefining parenthood -- Exploring further -- 11. Work and achievement -- If she isn't pad, is it still work? -- Housework : the double day -- Relational work : keeping everybody happy -- Status work : the two-person career -- What are the costs and benefits of invisible work? -- Working hard for a living : women in the paid workforce -- Sex segregation -- Women's work as extension of family roles : "it's only natural" -- The wage gap -- Doing gender in the workplace -- Attributions for success and failure -- Devaluing women's performance -- Discrimination in hiring and promotion -- Social reactions to token women -- Role models and mentors -- Leadership : do women do it differently? -- Sexual harassment from nine to five -- Defining sexual harassment -- The prevalence of harassment -- What are the causes of harassment? -- The consequences of harassment -- Women's career development : are there obstacles from within? -- Do women have different values and interests? -- Are women less motivated to achieve? -- Exceptional work lives -- Achievement in the professions -- Blue-collar women -- Putting it all together : work and family -- What are the costs of the balancing act? -- What are the benefits of the balancing act? -- Making a difference : women, work, and social policy -- Exploring further -- 12. The second half : midlife and aging -- Not just a number : the social meanings of age -- Is there a double standard of aging? -- Ageism -- Cross-cultural differences -- Self-identity and social identity -- Images of older women -- Invisibility -- Grannies and witches : stereotypes of older women -- The effects of age stereotypes -- In an aging woman's body -- Physical health in middle and later life -- Menopause and hormone replacement therapy -- Constructing the object of desire -- Exercise, sport, and fitness -- Sexuality in middle and later life -- Relationships : Continuity and change -- Friends and family -- Becoming a grandmother -- Caregiving : its costs and rewards -- Work and achievement -- Women in their prime -- Retirement -- Vulnerabilities of middle and later life -- Loss of a life partner -- Poverty -- Elder abuse -- Making a difference -- Transforming society : elder activism -- Transforming social interaction : taking charge of the second half -- Transforming ourselves : resisting ageism -- Exploring further."@en
schema:description"pt. 1. Introduction -- 1. Paving the way -- Beginnings -- How did the psychology of women get started? -- Psychology and the women's movement -- Voices from the margins : a history -- What is feminism? -- Feminism has many meanings -- Is there a simple definition? -- Methods and values in psychological research -- Toward gender-fair research -- Feminist values in research -- About this book -- A personal reflection -- Exploring further."@en
schema:description"pt. 2. Gender in social context -- 2. Gender, status, and power -- What is gender? -- Gender shapes societies and cultures -- Gender and power -- Justifying gender inequality -- Gender shapes social interactions -- The cognitive impact of gender -- Gender as a presentation of self -- "Doing gender" -- Gender shapes individuals -- Identity, power, and gender differences -- Sexist attitudes -- Linking the levels of gender : a summary -- The gender system and violence -- Making a difference -- Transforming ourselves -- Transforming interpersonal relations -- Transforming the structures of inequality -- Exploring further -- 3. Images of women -- Words can never hurt me? -- Language about women and men -- Language about violence -- Worth a thousand words : media images -- Representing women and men -- Face-ism and sexualization -- Diversity and the media -- Invisible women -- Do sexist images matter? -- Language, imagery, and stereotypes about women and men -- The content of gender stereotypes -- Sexuality stereotypes -- Race and social class stereotypes -- Cross-cultural similarities and differences in gender stereotypes -- Are stereotypes accurate? -- The impact of stereotypes -- Stereotypes, the self, and stereotype threat -- Stereotypes, status, and power -- Stereotypes and sexist behavior -- Stereotypes are hard to change -- The problem of pornography -- What is "pornography"? -- Pornography is pervasive -- Stereotypes in pornography -- Pornography as violence against women -- Making a difference -- Transforming language -- Alternative images -- How not to stereotype -- Education and activism -- Exploring further -- 4. The meanings of difference -- The politics of difference and similarity -- Defining difference and similarity -- Measuring differences -- Interpreting results : values and ideology in research -- Gendering cognition : "girls can't do math" -- What factors influence mathematics performance? -- Social implications of gendered cognition -- Gendering emotion : "boys don't cry" -- Emotional stereotypes -- Culture, ethnicity, and emotionality -- Emotionality and social interaction -- Emotion internalized -- Social implications of gendered emotionality -- Making a difference -- The individual level : thinking critically -- The interactional level : difference and discrimination -- The sociocultura level : creating opportunities for equality -- Cam similarities and differences be reconciled? -- Exploring further."@en
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