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Trends in U.S. Global AIDS Spending: FY2000-FY2008.

Author: Tiaji Salaam-Blyther; LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE.
Publisher: Ft. Belvoir : Defense Technical Information Center, 16 JUL 2008.
Edition/Format:   eBook : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
It is estimated that HIV/AIDS, TB, and malaria together kill more than 6 million people each year. According to the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), at the end of 2007, an estimated 33.2 million people were living with HIV/AIDS, of whom 2.5 million were newly infected, and 2.1 million died in the course of that year. More than 2 million of those living with HIV/AIDS at the end of 2007 were  Read more...
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Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Tiaji Salaam-Blyther; LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE.
OCLC Number: 318708820
Notes: Congressional rept.
Description: 37 pages ; 23 x 29 cm

Abstract:

It is estimated that HIV/AIDS, TB, and malaria together kill more than 6 million people each year. According to the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), at the end of 2007, an estimated 33.2 million people were living with HIV/AIDS, of whom 2.5 million were newly infected, and 2.1 million died in the course of that year. More than 2 million of those living with HIV/AIDS at the end of 2007 were children, and some 290,000 of those who died of AIDS that year were under 15 years old. On each day of 2007, some 1,000 children worldwide became newly infected with HIV, due in large part to little access to drugs that prevent the transmission of HIV from mother to child. An estimated 9% of pregnant women in low- and middle-income countries were offered services to prevent HIV transmission to their newborns. UNAIDS asserts that an effective fight against the global spread of HIV/AIDS would cost $15 billion in 2006, $18 billion in 2007, and $22 billion in 2008. In FY2006, Congress provided about $3.1 billion for international HIV/AIDS programs and U.S. contributions to the Global Fund to Fight HIV/AIDS, TB, and Malaria, $4.3 billion in FY2007, and $5.7 billion in FY2008. Most recent statistics indicate that in 2005, some $8.3 billion was spent on HIV/AIDS globally, though UNAIDS estimated that $11.6 billion was needed. About $4.3 billion of those funds were provided by donor governments. The Kaiser Family Foundation asserts that in 2005, the United States provided the largest percentage of HIV/AIDS assistance in the world, comprising some 49% of all donor spending. Although the United States is the leading provider of international HIV/AIDS assistance, some argue that it needs to give more, particularly to the Global Fund. Critics of increased AIDS spending, however, question whether the most affected region sub-Saharan Africa can absorb increased revenue flows.

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