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Tropical nursery manual : a guide to starting and operating a nursery for native and traditional plants

Author: Kim M Wilkinson; United States. Forest Service,
Publisher: [Washington, D.C.?] : U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, [2014]
Series: Agriculture handbook (United States. Department of Agriculture), no. 732.
Edition/Format:   Print book : National government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
From the Back Cover: Tropical ecosystems and agroecoystems are vital, life-giving landscapes. They are home to diverse plants, animals, and people in a range of climatic, geologic, cultural, and environmental contexts. Protecting and revitalizing these systems involves planting native and traditional species and sowing awareness of these plants among people. Tropical nurseries are a key link in restoring tropical  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Handbooks and manuals
Handbooks, manuals, etc
Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Tropical nursery manual
(OCoLC)888229116
Material Type: Government publication, National government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Kim M Wilkinson; United States. Forest Service,
OCLC Number: 881745882
Notes: Shipping list no.: 2014-0249-P.
"April 2014."
Description: xv, 376 pages : color illustrations, maps, chartrs ; 28 cm.
Contents: Getting Started: --
Why Start A Tropical Nursery For Native And Traditional Plants? / Kim M Wilkinson and Brian F Daley: --
Environmental and social context in the U S affiliated tropical islands --
Why grow native plants? --
Why grow traditional plants? --
Role of nurseries in ecosystem restoration and cultural renewal --
Challenge and opportunity --
References --
Planning A Tropical Nursery / Kim M Wilkinson and Thomas D Landis: --
Importance of planning --
Defining the nursery's vision and objectives --
Determining community needs --
Defining target plant needs and other services --
Assessing resources and costs --
Selecting a nursery site --
Planning the flow of work --
Planning as an ongoing process --
References --
Defining The Target Plant / Thomas D Landis and Kim M Wilkinson: --
Important approaches for implementing the target plant concept: --
What are the outplanting objectives --
What are the conditions of the outplanting site? --
What factors on the project site could limit success? --
How will limiting factors be mitigated? --
What species and genetic sources will meet project objectives? --
What types of plant materials (stocktypes) are best suited to the project site and objectives? --
What are the best outplanting tools and techniques? --
What is the best time for outplanting? --
Learning and adapting: field testing the target plant --
References --
Additional reading --
Crop Planning: Propagation Protocols, Schedules, And Records / Kim M Wilkinson and Douglass F Jacobs: --
Developing propagation protocols --
Developing growing schedules --
Propagule collection, processing, and treatment --
Crop growth phases --
Developing facilities schedules --
Keeping written records makes planning easier --
References --
Additional reading --
Appendixes --
Developing Your Nursery: --
Propagation Environments / Douglass F Jacobs, Thomas D Landis, Tara Luna, and Diane L Haase: --
Matching propagation environments to the site --
Challenge of growing many species and stocktypes --
Minimally controlled propagation environments --
Semicontrolled propagation environments --
Fully controlled propagation environments --
Specialized rooting propagation environments --
Modifying light and temperature in propagation environments --
Equipment maintenance --
References --
Additional reading --
Growing Media / Thomas D Landis, Douglass F Jacobs, Kim M Wilkinson, and Tara Luna: --
Functions of growing media --
Physical properties of growing media --
Chemical properties of growing media --
Biological properties of growing media --
Growing media ingredients --
Developing a growing medium --
Treatment of growing media ingredients --
Mixing growing media --
Safety considerations --
Testing growing media --
References --
Additional reading --
Containers / Thomas D Landis, Tara Luna, and R Kasten Dumroese: --
Container characteristics affecting plant development --
Economic and operational factors affecting container choice --
Types of containers --
Cleaning reusable containers --
References --
Additional reading --
Plant Propagation: --
Collecting, Processing, And Storing Seeds / Tara Luna and Kim M Wilkinson: --
Understanding genetic diversity and seed collection ethics --
Understanding flowers and seeds --
Collecting seeds --
Processing seeds --
Seed testing --
Storing seeds --
References --
Additional reading --
Seed Germination And Sowing Options / Tara Luna, Kim M Wilkinson, and R Kasten Dumroese: --
Seed characteristics --
Treatments to overcome seed dormancy and enhance germination --
Environmental factors influencing germination --
Seed sowing methods --
Seed coverings (mulch) --
Try different sowing techniques and keep detailed records --
Larger role of nurseries in conservation of species --
References --
Additional reading --
Vegatative Propagation / Tara Luna and Diane L Haase: --
Comparing vegetative to seed propagation --
Cuttings --
Selecting cuttings from mother plants --
Collecting, transporting, and storing cuttings --
Types of rooting --
Cutting preparation --
Striking, monitoring, and growing cuttings --
Other methods of vegetative propagation --
References --
Plant Care: --
Water Quality And Irrigation / Thomas D Landis and Kim M Wilkinson: --
Sources of irrigation water --
Water quality --
Water treatments --
Water quantity --
Factors affecting water availability to plants --
Determining how much to irrigate --
Fertigation --
Determining when to irrigate --
Types of irrigation systems --
Water conservation and managing nursery wastewater --
References --
Plant Nutrition And Fertilization / Douglass F Jacobs and Thomas D Landis: --
Basic principles of plant nutrition --
Sources of mineral nutrients --
Organic fertilizers --
Synthetic fertilizers --
Comparison of organic versus synthetic fertilizers --
Fertilizer application rates and methods --
Determining when to fertilize --
Reducing the environmental effects of fertilization --
References --
Additional reading --
Beneficial Microorganisms / Kim M Wilkinson and David P Janos: --
Importance of beneficial microorganisms in the nursery --
Nitrogen-fixing bacteria --
Mycorrhizal fungi --
Other beneficial microorganisms --
Acknowledgements --
References --
Additional reading --
Problem Prevention And Holistic Pest Management / Thomas D Landis, Tara Luna, R Kasten Dunroese, and Kim M Wilkinson: --
Nursery diseases and pests --
Problem prevention through cultural measures --
Problem detection and diagnosis --
Problem management --
Ongoing process evaluation --
Acknowledgment --
References --
Additional reading --
Hardening, Shipping, And Outplanting: --
Hardening / Douglas F Jacobs, Thomas D Landis, and Kim M Wilkinson: --
Importance of hardening --
Objectives of the hardening phase --
Conditioning plants for outplanting --
References --
Harvesting And Shipping / Diane L Haase, Thomas D Landis, and Tara Luna: --
Scheduling the harvesting window --
Grading plants for outplanting --
Short-term storage --
Packing --
Shipping --
Handling --
References --
Outplanting / Diane L Haase, Thomas D Landis, and R Kasten Dumroese: --
Review of the target plant concept and implications for outplanting --
Site preparation --
Onsite inspection, storage, and handling --
Selecting planting spots --
Proper planting technique --
Treatments at the time of planting --
Monitoring planting quality --
Monitoring outplanting performance --
Post-planting maintenance --
Long-term follow-up: refining target plant specifications --
References --
Relationships, Management, And Learning: --
Working With People / Kim M Wilkinson: --
Interact based on the nursery vision and objectives --
Working with yourself --
Working with nursery staff --
Working with clients --
Working with the community --
References --
Nursery Management / Thomas D Landis and Kim M Wilkinson: --
Identifying nursery tasks --
Planning and scheduling --
Daily tasks and observations --
Recordkeeping --
Crop planning and production tasks --
Seasonal cleanup and maintenance --
Financial management --
Problem solving --
References --
Discovering Ways To Improve Nursery Practices And Plant Quality / Kim M Wilkinson and Diane L Haase: --
Importance of trying new things in the nursery --
Making observation and keeping records --
Step 1: Developing ideas for nursery experiments --
Step 2: Gathering information --
Step 3: Specifying a question and creating a hypothesis --
Step 4: Designing the experiment --
Step 5: Conducting the experiment --
Step 6: Making observations and collecting data --
Step 7: Assessing recording, and sharing results --
Requesting assistance when needed --
Field testing to refine the target plant --
Beyond experiments learning through reflective practice --
References --
Additional reading.
Series Title: Agriculture handbook (United States. Department of Agriculture), no. 732.
Responsibility: edited by Kim M. Wilkinson [and four others].

Abstract:

From the Back Cover: Tropical ecosystems and agroecoystems are vital, life-giving landscapes. They are home to diverse plants, animals, and people in a range of climatic, geologic, cultural, and environmental contexts. Protecting and revitalizing these systems involves planting native and traditional species and sowing awareness of these plants among people. Tropical nurseries are a key link in restoring tropical ecosystems and agroecosystems and can integrate goals of economic resiliency, cultural renewal, and more. This Tropical Nursery Manual serves people who are starting or operating a nursery for native and traditional species in the tropics. Key concepts, principles, and processes are presented, based on proven practices and the best science available. Understanding these concepts and principles will make it easier to operate a nursery successfully, and to meet project objectives in the field. Topics covered include nursery planning, plant propagation, crop production, plant care, outplanting, and ongoing learning. This manual also recognizes that every nursery is unique. Local conditions and ingenuity, integrated with the information in this manual, combine to cultivate high-quality plants with the best chance to survive and flourish into the future.

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Primary Entity

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