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Ultrasonic Communication by Animals

Author: Gillian Sales; David Pye
Publisher: Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands, 1974.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
In recent years there has been a rapid increase in the understanding of communication between animals and this is perhaps especially true of bio-acoustics. In the last 35 years a completely new branch of bio acoustics, involving ultrasounds, has been made possible by technical developments that now allow these inaudible sounds to be detected and studied. This subject has a personal fascination for the authors,  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Gillian Sales; David Pye
ISBN: 9789401169011 9401169012
OCLC Number: 851380733
Description: 1 online resource (xi, 281 pages)
Contents: 1. What is ultrasound? --
The discovery of animal ultrasound --
The properties of ultrasound --
2. Methods of detection and analysis --
Ultrasonic microphones --
Cathode-ray oscilloscopes --
Tape-recording and analysis --
Bat detectors --
3. Bats --
The biology of bats --
The echo-location signals of bats --
Short-pulse echo-location in Megachiroptera --
Frequency sweep pulses in Microchiroptera --
Constant frequencies in Microchiroptera --
Mixed signals in Microchiroptera --
Sound production and emission in Microchiroptera --
Frequency-sweep bats --
Constant frequency bats --
Nose-leaves --
Hearing in the Microchiroptera --
Other senses and social use of ultrasound in Microchiroptera --
4. Countermeasures by insects --
Noctuidae --
The evasive behaviour of noctuid moths --
Acoustic sensitivity of the tympanic organ --
Directionality --
Central co-ordination --
Arctiidae, Notodontidae and Ctenuchidae --
Pyralididae --
Sphingidae --
Geometridae --
Neuroptera --
Evolution --
5. The songs of bush crickets (Tettigoniidae) --
The physics of strigilation in general --
The mechanism of sound production in tettigoniids --
The ultrasonic songs of tettigoniids --
The acoustic behaviour of tettigoniids --
The ability of tettigoniids to hear ultrasonic sounds --
Some further considerations --
6. Other insects --
Gryllidae, crickets --
Gryllotalpidae, mole crickets --
Acrididae, grasshoppers and locusts --
Insects of other groups --
7. Ultrasound in rodents --
The ultrasonic calls of infant rodents --
The physical characteristics of the calls --
The motivation for the emission of ultrasonic calls by infant rodents --
The role of infant distress calls in adult-young relationships --
Ultrasound and aggressive behaviour --
Rats --
Other myomorph rodents --
Social significance --
Ultrasound and mating behaviour --
Mice --
Rats --
Other myomorph rodents --
Social significance --
Other situations involving ultrasound emission in rodents --
The mechanism of ultrasound production in rodents --
The ability of rodents to hear high frequency sounds --
8. Other vertebrate groups --
Birds --
Cetacea --
The sounds of odontocetes --
The site of sound production --
The ear of odontocetes --
Hearing in odontocetes --
Evidence for echo-location in odontocetes --
Other marine mammals --
Insectivora --
9. Review and speculations --
Appendix Some formulae summarizing the rules of echo-location --
References --
Indexes.
Responsibility: by Gillian Sales, David Pye.

Abstract:

In recent years there has been a rapid increase in the understanding of communication between animals and this is perhaps especially true of bio-acoustics.  Read more...

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