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Umami : unlocking the secrets of the fifth taste

Author: Ole G Mouritsen; Klavs Styrbaek; Mariela Johansen
Publisher: New York : Columbia University Press, 2014.
Series: Arts and traditions of the table: perspectives on culinary history
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:

The West identifies four basic tastes--sour, sweet, salty, and bitter. Yet in East Asia, a fifth taste--umami--has entered the culinary lexicon. Umami is savory, complex, and wholly distinct.  Read more...

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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Ole G Mouritsen; Klavs Styrbaek; Mariela Johansen
ISBN: 9780231168908 023116890X 9780231537582 0231537581
OCLC Number: 891530326
Awards: Winner of Best Translation Cookbook for the United States 2015
Description: 263 Seiten : Illustrationen.
Contents: Acknowledgments Prologue: How it all began What exactly is taste, and why is it important? The basic tastes: From seven to four to five and possibly many more Why do we need to be able to taste our food? There is more to it: Sensory science, taste, smell, aroma, flavor, mouthfeel, texture, and chemesthesis Is there a taste map of the tongue? Why are some foods more palatable than others? A few words about proteins, amino acids, nucleotides, nucleic acids, and enzymes Glutamic acid, glutamate, and the glutamate ion Glutamic acid and glutamate in our food How does glutamate taste, and how little is required for us to taste it? The first four: Sour, sweet, salty, and bitter The physiology and biochemistry of taste The interplay between sweet and bitter Taste receptors: This is how they work When words fail us: Descriptions of tastes The fifth taste: What is umami? Science, soup, and the search for the fifth taste Glutamic acid and glutamate What is the meaning of the word umami? From laboratory to mass production How MSG is made A little letter with a huge impact: The 'Chinese restaurant syndrome' The Japanese discover other umami substances It all starts with mother's milk Umami as a global presence Umami has won acceptance as a distinct taste And umami is still controversial... 1 + 1 = 8: Gustatory synergy Amazing interplay: Basal and synergistic umami Detecting umami synergy on the tongue and in the brain Japanese dashi: The textbook example of umami synergy The art of making Japanese dashi Nordic dashi Dashi closer to home-a Japanese soup with a Scandinavian twist Seaweeds enhance the umami in fish How to make smoked shrimp heads Many substances interact synergistically with umami A breakthrough discovery of yet another synergistic substance The interplay between glutamate and the four classic tastes A simple taste test: Umami vs. salt Umami-rich 'foie gras from the sea' Food pairing and umami Creating tastes synthetically Umami: Either as little or as much as you like Umami from the oceans: Seaweeds, fish, and shellfish Seaweeds and konbu: The mother lode of umami A world of konbu in Japan Fresh fish and shellfish Cooked fish and shellfish dishes and soups Umami and the art of killing a fish A traditional clambake: New England method, Danish ingredients Everyday umami in ancient Greece and Rome Fish sauces and fish pastes Modern garum Shellfish paste Oyster sauce Sushi and fermented fish Katsuobushi Catching katsuo to optimize umami Niboshi The hardest foodstuff in the world Kusaya Nordic variations: Horrible smells and heavenly tastes Fish roe Seven friends, The Compleat Angler, and a pike Umami from the land: Fungi and plants Umami from the plant kingdom Dried fungi Fermented soybeans Soy sauce Production of shoyu Miso Production of miso The Asian answer to cheese: Fermented soybean cakes Natto Black garlic Shojin ryori: An old tradition with a modern presence The enlightened kitchen Tomatoes Green tea Umami from land animals: Meat, eggs, and dairy products The animal kingdom delivers umami in spades Homo sapiens is a cook Preserving meats in the traditional ways Air-dried hams Salted beef: Pastrami and corned beef Bacon and sausages Dairy products Blue cheeses Aged, dried, and hard cheeses Eggs and mayonnaise Harry's creme from Harry's Bar Umami: The secret behind the humble soup stock Soup is umami Osmazome and The Physiology of Taste Amino acids in soup stocks A real find: A dashi bar The taste of a beef stock Ready-made umami Knorr and Maggi: European umami pioneers Making the most of umami MSG as a food additive Other commercial sources of umami Hydrolyzed protein Umami in a jar Yeast extract Nutritional yeast More sources of umami for vegans Ketchup Bagna cauda Worcestershire sauce Umami in a tube Twelve easy ways to add umami Quintessentially Danish: Brown gravy, medisterpolse, and beef patties Slow cooking: The secret of more umami Ratatouille and brandade This is why fast food tastes so good Green salads and raw vegetables Umami in dishes made with small fowl Cooked potatoes: Nothing could be simpler Rice and sake Beer Umami in sweets Mirin is a sweet rice wine with umami Umami and wellness Umami and MSG: Food without 'chemicals' Umami satisfies the appetite Why does umami make us feel full? The 'brain' in the stomach Umami for a sick and aging population Umami for life Epilogue: Umami has come to stay Technical and scientific details Umami and the first glutamate receptor Yet another receptor for umami Umami synergy The taste of amino acids Taste thresholds for umami Content of glutamate and 5'-ribonucleotides in different foods Bibliography Illustration credits Glossary Index The people behind the book Recipes Potato water dashi with smoked shrimp heads Monkfish liver au gratin with crabmeat and vegetables Pearled spelt, beets, and lobster Crab soup Clambake in a pot Patina de pisciculis Garum Quick-and-easy garum Smoked quick-and-easy garum Seriously old-fashioned sourdough rye bread Anchovies, grilled onions, sourdough bread, pata negra ham, and mushrooms Deep-fried eggplants with miso (nasu dengaku) White asparagus in miso with oysters, cucumber oil, and small fish Grilled shojin kabayaki: 'fried eel' made from lotus root Baked monkfish liver with raspberries and peanuts Slow-roasted sauce with tomatoes, root vegetables, and herbs Fried mullet with baked grape tomatoes, marinated sago pearls, and black garlic Mushrooms, foie gras, and mushroom essence Parmesan biscuits with bacon and yeast flakes Harry's creme Chicken bouillon Green pea soup with scallops and seaweed Dressing with nutritional yeast Eggplant gratinee with garlic, anchovies, and nutritional yeast Oysters au gratin with a crust of nutritional yeast and smoked shrimp head powder Bagna cauda Old-fashioned Danish medisterpolse Beef patties, Danish style Chicken Marengo Cassoulet Beef estofado Sicilian ratatouille Brandade with air-dried ham and green peas Three-day pizza with umami-not really a 'fast food' Quail pate Risotto Oxtails braised in wheat beer Umami sorbet with maccha and tomato White chocolate cream, black sesame seeds, Roquefort, and brioche with nutritional yeast
Series Title: Arts and traditions of the table: perspectives on culinary history
Responsibility: Ole G. Mouritsen, Klavs Styrbaek ; transl. by Mariela Johansen.

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The book is written in a very engaging manner, easily moving between vignettes of the latest science and mouth-watering menus and photographs. -- Gordon Shepherd, Yale University, author of Read more...

 
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