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Understanding and using tuberculosis data

Author: World Health Organization,
Publisher: Geneva, Switzerland : World Health Organization, [2014] ©2014
Edition/Format:   Print book : International government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"Surveillance data collected in vital registration and TB notification systems provide essential information about the TB epidemic and programmatic efforts to control the disease at both national and local levels. Analysis of these data can help programme managers and other staff to track the level of and trends in TB disease burden, detect outbreaks of disease and identify ways to improve existing TB prevention,  Read more...
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Details

Genre/Form: Statistics
Material Type: Government publication, International government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: World Health Organization,
ISBN: 9789241548786 9241548789
OCLC Number: 897868764
Description: xi, 204 pages : color illustrations, color charts, maps (some color) ; 24 cm
Contents: Acknowledgements --
Introduction --
Abbreviations --
Chapter 1. Analysis of aggregated TB notification data --
1.1. Aggregated notification data: what are they? --
1.2. Assessment and assurance of the quality of aggregated TB notification data --
1.3. Analysis of aggregate data --
1.4. Examples of analysis of trends --
1.5. Limitations of aggregated notification data --
1.6. Summary --
References --
Annex 1. TB surveillance data quality standards with examples --
Chapter 2. Analysis of case-based TB notification data --
2.1. Case-based notification data: what they are and why are they important --
2.2. Developing an analytic plan --
2.3. Preparing the dataset --
2.4. Data analysis: conducting and interpreting descriptive analyses --
2.5. Data analysis: conducting and interpreting more complex analyses --
2.6. Communicating findings --
2.7. Conclusion --
References --
Annex 2. Analytic plan example --
Annex 3. Example of multivariable analysis to assess risk factors for loss to follow-up --
Chapter 3. Using genotyping data for outbreak investigations --
3.1. Genotyping data: an overview --
3.2. Preparation of data --
3.3. Analysing outbreaks --
3.4. Analysing large clusters --
3.5. Limitations of genotyping data --
3.6. Special considerations for genotyping in high TB burden settings --
3.7. Conclusion: using genotyping data for public health --
References. Chapter 4. Analysis of factors driving the TB epidemic --
4.1. Ecological analysis --
4.2. TB incidence --
4.3. Using ecological analysis to understand TB epidemics --
4.4. Conceptual framework for ecological analysis --
4.5. Preparing your data for analysis --
4.6. Case studies --
4.7. Conclusion --
References --
Annex 4. Which types of data should be investigated as part of TB ecological analyses? --
Annex 5. Detailed conceptual framework on how factors influence TB burden --
Chapter 5. Drug-resistant TB: analysis of burden and response --
5.1. Methodology --
5.2. Estimation of the burden of drug-resistant TB and time analysis --
5.3. Monitoring programme effectiveness --
5.4. Conclusion --
References --
Chapter 6. HIV-associated TB: analysis of burden and response --
6.1. Introduction to HIV-associated TB --
6.2. Analysis of programme data --
References --
Chapter 7. Estimating TB mortality using vital registration and mortality survey data --
7.1. Sources of mortality data --
7.2. Monitoring TB mortality among HIV-negative individuals --
7.3. Monitoring TB mortality among people living with HIV --
7.4. Mortality to notification ratio --
7.5. MDR-TB mortality --
References --
Chapter 8. Combining surveillance and survey data to estimate TB burden --
8.1. TB incidence --
8.2. TB prevalence --
8.3. TB mortality and case fatality ratio --
References --
Epilogue.
Responsibility: World Health Organization.

Abstract:

"Surveillance data collected in vital registration and TB notification systems provide essential information about the TB epidemic and programmatic efforts to control the disease at both national and local levels. Analysis of these data can help programme managers and other staff to track the level of and trends in TB disease burden, detect outbreaks of disease and identify ways to improve existing TB prevention, diagnostic and treatment services. This book provides practical guidance on the analysis and use of such surveillance data, and is suitable for a wide range of people engaged in TB control. It was produced as a major collaborative effort as part of the work of the WHO's Global Task Force on TB Impact Measurement."--Back cover.

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