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Understanding drugs, alcohol and crime

Author: Trevor Bennett; Katy Holloway
Publisher: Maidenhead : Open University Press, 2005.
Series: Crime and justice.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
"The authors conclude that future government drugs policy should pay particular attention to the lessons learned from research on the connection between drug and alcohol use and crime. This book is ideal for criminology, criminal justice, social policy and social work students, and is also a useful source for policy makers, the police, probation workers, social workers, drugs and alcohol counsellors, treatment  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Bennett, Trevor.
Understanding drugs, alcohol and crime.
Maidenhead : Open University Press, 2005
(OCoLC)607633757
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Trevor Bennett; Katy Holloway
ISBN: 9780335212583 0335212581 0335212573 9780335212576
OCLC Number: 58554497
Description: xiv, 180 pages ; 24 cm.
Contents: 1. The nature of the problem --
Introduction --
Definitional issues --
What are drugs? --
What are 'illegal drugs'? --
What are drug offences? --
What is drug-related crime? --
The nature of the problems of drug misuse --
What is drug misuse? --
What is problematic drug use? --
What is drug dependence? --
Why is drug misuse a social problem? --
The nature of the drugs-crime connection --
The nature of the book --
Further reading. 2. Policy context : from defining to reducing harm --
Introduction --
When drug use was not a problem --
The medicalization of drug use --
The criminalization of drug use --
The prevention of drug use --
Reducing supply --
Reducing demand --
Reducing harm --
Variations across countries --
The Netherlands --
Switzerland --
Sweden --
United States --
Conclusion --
Further reading. 3. Extent of drug misuse --
Introduction --
Demand for drugs --
Drug use in the general population --
Drug use in offender populations --
Sizing the market --
Trends in demand --
Summary --
Supply of drugs --
Drug markets --
Seizures --
Prosecutions for drug offences --
Trends in supply --
Summary --
Problems of drug misuse --
Addiction and dependence --
Health problems relating to injection --
Economic and social costs --
Drug-related deaths --
Conclusion --
Further reading. 4. Types of drug misuse --
Introduction --
Types of drugs misused --
Drug type classification --
Variations over time --
Variations across countries --
Fashions in drug misuse and the link with crime --
The effects of drug use --
Short-term effects --
Long-term effects --
Methods of administration --
Methods of administering different drug types --
Reasons for selecting particular methods --
Geographic variation in methods of administration --
Method of administration and crime --
Sources of drugs --
Sources of supply as a defining part of drug offences --
Illegal sources of supply --
Drug markets and crime --
Patterns of drug use --
Patterns of individual drug use --
Patterns of multiple drug use --
Patterns of individual drug use and crime --
Patterns of multiple drug use and crime --
Motives for drug use --
Motives for starting --
Motives for continuing --
Motives for stopping --
Crime as a motive for alcohol and drug use --
Conclusion --
Further reading. 5. Explaining the drugs-crime connection --
Introduction --
Terminology --
Types of explanation --
Types of connection --
Types of measures --
Drug misuse causes crime --
Psychopharmacological explanations --
Economic explanations --
Drug lifestyle explanations --
Crime causes drug misuse --
Psychopharmacological explanations --
Economic explanations --
Criminal lifestyle explanations --
Reciprocal model --
Common-cause model --
Psychological explanations --
Social explanations --
Environmental explanations --
Coincidence models --
Conclusion --
Further reading. 6. The statistical association : just coincidence? --
Introduction --
Previous reviews --
Involvement in drug use and involvement in crime --
Summary --
Frequency of drug use and frequency of crime --
Summary --
Disaggregating the drugs-crime relationship --
Types of drug and types of crime --
Types of drug user and types of offender --
Summary --
Multiple drug use and crime --
Economic explanations --
Psychopharmacological explanations --
Lifestyle explanations --
Prevalence of multiple drug use and crime --
Number of drug types used and crime --
Combinations of drug types used and crime --
Summary --
Conclusion --
Further reading. 7. The causal connection : more than coincidence? --
Introduction --
'Age-of-onset' studies --
Drug users --
Offenders --
General population --
Summary --
'Changes-over-time' studies --
Drug users --
Offenders --
General population --
Summary --
Qualitative research --
Drug use causes crime --
Crime causes drug use --
Crime and drug use are reciprocal --
No causal connection --
Summary --
Conclusion --
Further reading. 8. The effectiveness of interventions --
Introduction --
Previous reviews of treatment --
Previous reviews of criminal justice programmes --
Treatment --
Description of programmes --
Effectiveness of programmes --
Criminal justice programmes --
Description of programmes --
Effectiveness of programmes --
Variations by the type of programme --
Variations by intensity of the programme --
Variations by the characteristics of subjects --
Conclusion --
Further reading. 9. The nature of the solution --
Introduction --
What do we know about the drugs-crime connection? --
What do we know about the extent of drug misuse? --
What is the nature of the drugs-crime connection? --
How can the connection be explained? --
What research evidence is there that drugs and crime are connected? --
What research evidence is there that drug misuse causes crime? --
What do we know about methods for tackling drug-related crime? --
What laws and policies address the drugs-crime connection? --
How effective are these laws and policies in reducing drug-related crime? --
What lessons can be learned for current government policy? --
Has the anti-drugs strategy worked? --
The importance of type of intervention --
The importance of the quality of the intervention --
The importance of matching subjects and treatments --
What lessons can be learned for research methods? --
Lessons from research on the drugs-crime connection --
Lessons from evaluations of interventions --
Where now? --
Further reading.
Series Title: Crime and justice.
Responsibility: Trevor Bennett and Katy Holloway.

Abstract:

The book provides a succinct overview of current theory and research on the links between drugs, alcohol use and crime.  Read more...

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