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Understanding syntax

Author: Maggie Tallerman
Publisher: London : Hodder Arnold, 2011.
Series: Understanding language series.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 3rd edView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
This is an introduction to the main categories, constructions, terminology and problems associated with syntax, providing a basis from which students can proceed to more advanced work.
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Genre/Form: Lehrbuch
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Maggie Tallerman
ISBN: 9781444112054 1444112058
OCLC Number: 706029735
Description: xiv, 312 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
Contents: Machine generated contents note: 1. What is syntax? --
1.1. Some concepts and misconceptions --
1.1.1. What is the study of syntax about? --
1.1.2. Language change --
1.2. Use of linguistic examples --
1.2.1. Why not just use examples from English? --
1.2.2. How to read linguistic examples --
1.3. Why do languages have syntax? --
1.3.1. Word order --
1.3.2. Promotion and demotion processes --
1.3.3. All languages have structure --
Further reading --
Exercises --
2. Words belong to different classes --
2.1. Identifying word classes --
2.1.1. How can we tell that words belong to different classes? --
2.1.2. Starting to identify nouns, adjectives and verbs --
2.1.3. illustration: How do speakers of a language identify word classes? --
2.2. Verbs --
2.2.1. introduction to verb classes --
2.2.2. Verbs and their grammatical categories --
2.3. Nouns --
2.3.1. Semantic roles for noun phrases --
2.3.2. Syntactic roles for noun phrases --
2.3.3. Nouns and their grammatical categories --
2.3.4. Nouns, definiteness and determiners --
2.4. Adjectives --
2.4.1. Positions and functions of adjectives --
2.4.2. Adjectives and intensifiers --
2.4.3. Adjectives and their grammatical categories --
2.4.4. Are adjectives essential? --
2.5. Adverbs --
2.5.1. Adverbs and adjectives --
2.5.2. adjunct function --
2.6. Prepositions --
2.6.1. Identifying prepositions in English --
2.6.2. Postpositions --
2.6.3. Grammatical categories for adpositions --
2.7. Conclusion --
Further reading --
Exercises --
3. Looking inside sentences --
3.1. Finiteness and auxiliaries --
3.1.1. Independent clauses --
3.1.2. Finiteness --
3.1.3. Main verbs and verbal auxiliaries --
3.1.4. Ways to express the grammatical categories for verbs --
3.1.5. Non-finite verbs --
3.1.6. Co-ordination of clauses --
3.1.7. Summary --
3.2. Introduction to subordination --
3.2.1. Complement clauses --
3.2.2. Adjunct or adverbial clauses --
3.2.3. Identifying subordinate clauses --
3.2.4. Root and subordinate clauses: Some distinctions --
3.2.5. Some cross-linguistic variation in subordination --
3.2.6. Summary: Properties of subordinate clauses and root clauses --
3.3. Major cross-linguistic variations --
3.3.1. co-ordination strategy --
3.3.2. Nominalization --
3.3.3. Serial verbs --
3.3.4. Summary --
Further reading --
Exercises --
4. Heads and their dependents --
4.1. Heads and their dependents --
4.1.1. What is a head? --
4.1.2. influence of heads on their dependents --
4.1.3. Summary: The properties of heads --
4.1.4. More about dependents: Adjuncts and complements --
4.1.5. More about verb classes: Verbs and their complements --
4.1.6. Other heads and their complements --
4.1.7. Summary: The main properties of complements vs. adjuncts --
4.1.8. Is the noun phrase really a determiner phrase? --
4.1.9. Phrases within phrases --
4.2. Where does the head occur in a phrase? Head-initial and head-final languages --
4.2.1. Head-initial languages --
4.2.2. Head-final languages --
4.2.3. exercise on head-initial and head-final constructions --
4.3. Head-marking and dependent-marking languages --
4.3.1. Definitions and illustrations: Syntactic relationships between heads and dependents --
4.3.2. Head preposition/postposition and its NP object --
4.3.3. clause: A head verb and the arguments of the verb --
4.3.4. Head noun and dependent possessor NP --
4.3.5. Head noun and dependent AP --
4.3.6. exercise on head-marking and dependent-marking --
4.3.7. Some typological distinctions between languages --
4.3.8. Summary --
Further reading --
Exercises --
5. How do we identify constituents? --
5.1. Discovering the structure of sentences --
5.1.1. Evidence of structure in sentences --
5.1.2. Some syntactic tests for constituent structure --
5.1.3. Introduction to constituent structure trees --
5.1.4. Summary --
5.2. Relationships within the tree --
5.3. Developing detailed tree diagrams and tests for constituent structure --
5.3.1. Verb classes and constituent structure tests --
5.3.2. co-ordination test for constituency --
5.3.3. Do all languages have the same constituents? --
5.4. Summary --
Further reading --
Exercises --
6. Relationships within the clause --
6.1. Indicating grammatical relations in the clause --
6.2. Order of phrases within the clause --
6.2.1. Basic and marked orders --
6.2.2. Statistical patterns --
6.3. Case systems --
6.3.1. Ways of dividing core arguments --
6.3.2. Nominative/accusative systems --
6.3.3. Ergative/absolutive systems --
6.3.4. Split systems I --
6.3.5. Marked and unmarked forms --
6.4. Agreement and cross-referencing --
6.4.1. What does verb agreement involve? --
6.4.2. Nominative/accusative agreement systems --
6.4.3. Ergative/absolutive agreement systems --
6.4.4. Split systems II --
6.5. Grammatical relations --
6.5.1. Investigating core grammatical relations --
6.5.2. Subjects: Typical cross-linguistic properties --
6.5.3. examination of subjects in specific languages --
6.5.4. Objects --
6.6. Free word order: A case study --
6.7. Summary --
Further reading --
Exercises --
7. Processes that change grammatical relations --
7.1. Passives and impersonals --
7.1.1. passive construction and transitive verbs --
7.1.2. impersonal construction --
7.2. antipassive --
7.2.1. Basic facts --
7.2.2. Primary grammatical relations and grammatical pivots --
7.3. applicative construction --
7.4. causative construction --
7.5. Summary --
Further reading --
Exercises --
8. Wh-constructions: Questions and relative clauses --
8.1. Wh-questions --
8.1.1. Languages with wh-movement --
8.1.2. Languages with wh-in-situ wh-questions --
8.1.3. Multiple wh-questions --
8.2. Relative clauses --
8.2.1. Relative clauses in English --
8.2.2. Cross-linguistic variation in relative clauses --
8.3. Focus movements and scrambling --
8.4. Some conclusions --
Further reading --
Exercises --
9. Asking questions about syntax --
9.1. Syntactic description: What questions to investigate --
9.2. case study: Grammatical sketch of colloquial Welsh --
9.3. Some questions concerning syntax --
9.4. Last words: More syntax ahead.
Series Title: Understanding language series.
Responsibility: Maggie Tallerman.

Abstract:

Provides a complete introduction to the syntax of human language - ideal for students with no prior knowledge of the subject.  Read more...

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'Tallerman's strongly comparative approach to introducing the basic concepts of syntax has materialised in a very readable and interesting book...Understanding Syntax is an absolute pleasure to read, Read more...

 
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