Unhealthy Cities : Poverty, Race, and Place in America
Hoboken : Taylor & Francis, c2010
Kevin Fitzpatrick; Mark La Gory
|描述：||1 online resource (249 p.)|
|内容：||Unhealthy Cities: Poverty, Race, and Place in America; Copyright; TABLE OF CONTENTS; PREFACE; ACKNOWLEDGMENTS; ABBREVIATIONS; CHAPTER 1 THE IMPORTANCE OF PLACE; Place Matters; Why an Urban, Place-Based Approach to Health?; Ghetto Poverty Tracts: A Definition; Place as Life Chance and Risk; Place as Social Resource; A Framework for the Book; CHAPTER 2 HUMANS AS SPATIAL ANIMALS; The Meaning of Place; Territorial Behavior in Animals; Territorial Diversity in Humans; The Nature of the Environment-Behavior Relationship; Basic Spatial Needs in Humans; Conclusion. CHAPTER 3 THE ECOLOGY OF EVERYDAY URBAN LIFEMicro Environments; Macro Environments: Cities as Unique Environments for Living; The Dimensions of the Urban Mosaic; Capitalism and Landscapes of Hazard and Despair; How Spatial Structures Affect Our Choices: A Constrained-Choice Approach; Conclusion; CHAPTER 4 THE SOCIOLOGY OF HEALTH; The Healthy Society; Health Beliefs; Health Lifestyles; Risk and Protective Factors; Psychosocial Resources; Neighborhood Disadvantage and the Ecology of Health; Conclusion; CHAPTER 5 CITIES AS MOSAICS OF RISK AND PROTECTION. Physical Hazards and Risks in the Residential EnvironmentSociocultural Hazards and Risks in the Residential Environment; Blankets of Protection; Physical and Mental Health Consequences for the Urban Dweller; Conclusion; CHAPTER 6 HEALTH RISKS AMONG SPECIAL POPULATIONS IN THE CITY; The Homeless; Risk and Hazard among the Homeless; Health among the Homeless; Racial and Ethnic Minorities; Theories of the Underclass; Context and Health Differences; Needs and Health Risks of the Young and Old; Youth at Risk; Elders at Risk: Physical and Mental Health Aspects of Aging; Conclusion. CHAPTER 7 PROMOTING HEALTH: PLACE-BASED SOLUTIONS TO PLACE-BASED PROBLEMSRemoval Strategies; Community Development Strategies; Healthy Places: Building a Healthier America Programs; Planning for the Future: Minimizing the Urban Health Penalty; REFERENCES; INDEX.|
The purpose of this book is to show the important role that space and place plays in the health of urban residents, particularly those living in high poverty ghettos. The book brings together research and writing from a variety of disciplines to demonstrate the health costs of being poor in America's cities. Both authors are committed to raising awareness of structural factors that promote poverty and injustice in a society that proclaims its commitment to equality of opportunity. Our health is often dramatically affected by where we live; some parts of the city seem to be designed to make peo.