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Urban wind environment : integrated climate-sensitive planning and design

Author: Chao Yuan
Publisher: Singapore : Springer, 2018.
Series: SpringerBriefs in architectural design and technology.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
In the context of urbanization and compact urban living, conventional experience-based planning and design often cannot adequately address the serious environmental issues, such as thermal comfort and air quality. The ultimate goal of this book is to facilitate a paradigm shift from the conventional experience-based ways to a more scientific, evidence-based process of decision making in both urban planning and  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Printed edition:
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Chao Yuan
ISBN: 9789811054518 9811054517
OCLC Number: 1024314876
Description: 1 online resource (xxxix, 171 pages) : illustrations (some color).
Contents: Intro; Foreword by Prof. Edward Ng; Foreword by Prof. Leslie Norford; Foreword by Prof. Thomas Schroepfer; Acknowledgements; About the Book; Contents; About the Author; Acronyms and Abbreviations; List of Figures; List of Tables; 1 High-Density Planning and Challenges; 1.1 Current Urban Development; 1.1.1 Urbanization; 1.1.2 Suburbanization (Urban Sprawl); 1.1.3 Negative Effects of Current Urban Development on Urban Climate; 1.2 High-Density Urban Planning; 1.2.1 Strengths of High-Density Urban Planning; 1.2.2 Limitations of High-Density Urban Planning. 1.3 Objectives and Organization of the BookReferences; Urban Scale Wind Environment; 2 Empirical Morphological Model to Evaluate Urban Wind Permeability in High-Density Cities; 2.1 Introduction; 2.1.1 Background; 2.1.2 Objectives and Needs of This Study; 2.2 Literature Review; 2.2.1 Roughness Characteristics; 2.2.2 Calculation of Frontal Area Index and Frontal Area Density; 2.3 Development of New Layer-Based λf(z); 2.3.1 Height of the Podium and Urban Canopy Layer; 2.3.2 Wind Availability in Hong Kong (MM5/CALMET System); 2.3.3 Calculation of λf(z) in Grids with Uniform Size. 2.3.4 Grid Sensitivity (Resolution)2.4 Development of Empirical Model; 2.5 Implementation in Urban Planning; 2.5.1 Mapping Urban Wind Permeability Using λf(z); 2.5.2 Ground Coverage Ratio and Frontal Area Density; 2.5.3 Mapping Urban Wind Permeability Using GCR; 2.6 Conclusions; References; 3 Implementation of Morphological Method in Urban Planning; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Objectives; 3.3 Approach; 3.3.1 Morphological Method; 3.4 Modeling Settings; 3.4.1 Classification of λ_f(z); 3.4.2 Height Increment â#x80;#x9C;zâ#x80;#x9D;; 3.4.3 Local Prevailing Wind Probability P_Îı; 3.5 Modeling Results. 3.6 Implementation in Urban Planning3.6.1 Planning Goals and Mitigation Strategies for Hankou; 3.6.2 Planning Goals and Mitigation Strategies for Wuchang and Hanyang; 3.7 Conclusions; References; Neighborhood Scale Wind Environment; 4 Semiempirical Model for Fine-Scale Assessment of Pedestrian-Level Wind in High-Density Cities; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Literature Review; 4.3 Development of a Morphological Model; 4.3.1 Relating λ_f to the Pedestrian-Level Wind Speed at High-Density Areas; 4.3.2 Adjustment of λ_f^ to the Fine-Scale Wind Estimation; 4.4 Development of Regression Model. 4.4.1 Regression Analysis for High-Density Urban Areas4.4.2 Regression Analysis for Low-Density Urban Areas; 4.4.3 Model Performance; 4.5 Mapping Pedestrian-Level Wind Environment; 4.6 Implementation; 4.6.1 District Planning; 4.6.2 Building Design; 4.7 Conclusion; References; Building Scale Wind Environment; 5 Building Porosity for Better Urban Ventilation in High-Density Cities; 5.1 Introduction; 5.1.1 Background; 5.2 Literature Review; 5.2.1 Outline of CFD Numerical Methods for Neutral Turbulence Flows; 5.3 Validation; 5.4 Computational Parametric Study; 5.4.1 Parametric Models.
Series Title: SpringerBriefs in architectural design and technology.
Responsibility: Chao Yuan.

Abstract:

The tools provided in this book aid a systematic implementation of environmental information from urban planning to building design by making wind information more accessible to both urban planners  Read more...

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