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U.S. and international perspectives on global science policy and science diplomacy : report of a workshop

Author: National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Global Science Policy and Science Diplomacy.; National Research Council (U.S.). Policy and Global Affairs.
Publisher: Washington, D.C. : National Academies Press, [2012]
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : Conference publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
The United States and other countries around the world face problems of an increasingly global nature that often require major contributions from science and engineering that one nation alone cannot provide. The advance of science and engineering is an increasingly global enterprise, and in many areas there is a natural commonality of interest among practitioners from diverse cultures. In response to challenges, the  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Conference papers and proceedings
Congresses
Terminology Congresses
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
U.S. and international perspectives on global science policy and science diplomacy.
Washington, D.C. : National Academies Press, ©2012
(OCoLC)773258044
Material Type: Conference publication, Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Global Science Policy and Science Diplomacy.; National Research Council (U.S.). Policy and Global Affairs.
ISBN: 9780309224390 030922439X 128012346X 9781280123467
OCLC Number: 777955588
Description: 1 online resource (x, 50 pages)
Contents: Overview --
1. U.S. Policy for Global Science --
Historical and Structural Context --
Changing Patterns of Mobility --
Movement of Scientists Hampered by Visa and Travel Restrictions --
Personal Relationships in an Age of Virtual Innovations --
Educating and Empowering a New Generation of Scientists --
Engaging Early Career Researchers Around the World --
Other Questions and Ideas --
Maximizing Scientific Advances in an Increasingly Global Research Community --
Access to Facilities and Equipment --
Pooling Resources --
Combining Local Relevance with Global Intellectual Engagement --
Learning from Industry --
Role of Government --
Areas for International Scientific Collaboration --
Flood of Data --
Responsible Science --
Conditions for Success --
Effective Global Science --
Measuring the Effectiveness of Science Policy --
Examples of Effective Global Science --
Funding Mechanisms for Global Science --
Global Science for the United States --
Reflections --
2. Science for Diplomacy--Diplomacy for Science --
Definition of Science Diplomacy --
Actors in Science Diplomacy --
What Has Been Done with Science Diplomacy? --
Barriers to Progress in Science Diplomacy --
Unclear Motivations and Restrictions on Mobility --
Weak Public-Private Partnerships --
Inflexibility in U.S. Government Programs --
Lack of Incentives --
Lack of Human Capital and Infrastructure in Partner Developing Countries --
Lack of Unified Voice Within the Science Community --
Broken Promises --
Better Applications of Science Diplomacy --
Better Partnership Between Government, Private Sector, and NGOs --
Involvement of Young People --
Enhancement of Scientific Capability in the Foreign Service --
Enhancement of Agencies' Ability to Operate --
Encouragement of Competition --
Emphasis on Educational and Professional Development --
Effective Involvement of Politicians and the Public --
Emphasis on the Interface of Science and Policy --
Importance of Transparency and Clarity --
Appendixes --
A. Workshop Agenda --
B. Workshop Participants.
Other Titles: United States and international perspectives on global science policy and science diplomacy
Responsibility: Committee on Global Science Policy and Science Diplomacy, Development, Security, and Cooperation, Policy and Global Affairs, National Research Council of the National Academies.

Abstract:

The United States and other countries around the world face problems of an increasingly global nature that often require major contributions from science and engineering that one nation alone cannot provide. The advance of science and engineering is an increasingly global enterprise, and in many areas there is a natural commonality of interest among practitioners from diverse cultures. In response to challenges, the National Academies held a workshop in Washington, D.C., in February 2011, to assess effective ways to meet international challenges through sound science policy and science diplomacy. U.S. and international perspectives on global science policy and science diplomacy summarizes issues addressed during this workshop. Participants discussed many of the characteristics of science, such as its common language and methods; the open, self-correcting nature of research; the universality of the most important questions; and its respect for evidence. These common aspects not only make science inherently international but also give science special capacities in advancing communication and cooperation. Many workshop participants pointed out that, while advancing global science and science diplomacy are distinct, they are complementary, and making them each more effective often involves similar measures. Some participants suggested it may sometimes be more accurate to use the term global science cooperation rather than science diplomacy. Other participants indicated that science diplomacy is, in many situations, a clear and useful concept, recounting remarkable historical cases of the effective use of international scientific cooperation in building positive governmental relationships and dealing with sensitive and urgent problems. To gain U.S. and international perspectives on these issues, representatives from Brazil, Bangladesh, Egypt, Germany, Jamaica, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Morocco, Rwanda, South Africa, and Syria attended the workshop, as well as two of the most recently named U.S. science envoys, Rita Colwell and Gebisa Ejeta.

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