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The U.S. combat aircraft industry, 1909-2000 : structure, competition, innovation

Author: Mark A Lorell
Publisher: Santa Monica, CA : RAND, 2003.
Series: Rand library collection.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
In its FY02 Defense Appropriations Conference Report, Congress expressed concerns about reduced competition resulting in a decline in innovation in the U.S. fixed-wing military aircraft industry. Drawing on primary and secondary sources on the aircraft industry, this report provides a brief survey of industry structure, innovation, and competition in the U.S. fixed-wing combat aircraft industry from its earliest  Read more...
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Details

Genre/Form: History
Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Lorell, Mark A., 1947-
U.S. combat aircraft industry, 1909-2000.
Santa Monica, CA : RAND, 2003
(OCoLC)607368311
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Mark A Lorell
ISBN: 0833033662 9780833033666
OCLC Number: 52134651
Notes: "MR-1696."
"Prepared for the Office of the Secretary of Defense."
Description: xxiii, 133 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 23 cm
Contents: Technology Eras in Fixed-Wing Combat Aircraft --
Numbers of Competing Prime Contractors --
Industry Structure and Competition in the Biplane Era --
U.S. Industry Falls Behind in World War I --
Low Demand, Lack of Competition Stifle Innovation --
U.S. Fighter Development During the Biplane Era --
Curtiss --
Boeing --
U.S. Bomber Development During the Biplane Era --
Summary: An Era of Conservative Designs and Little Innovation --
The Monoplane Revolution --
New Markets and Greater Competition Pave the Way for Innovation --
The Monoplane Bomber Revolution --
The Monoplane Fighter Revolution --
Markets, Competition, and Innovation During the Monoplane Revolution --
Industry Structure During the Monoplane Revolution --
The Subsonic- and Early Supersonic-Jet Revolutions --
The Subsonic-Jet Era, 1945-1953 --
The Subsonic-Jet Revolution, 1942-1947 --
Subsonic-Jet Technology Refinement, 1947-1953 --
The Supersonic-Jet Era, 1953-1981 --
The Early Supersonic-Jet Revolution, 1953-1962 --
Industry Structure During the Subsonic-Jet Era and Early Supersonic-Jet Sub-Era --
The Agile Supersonic Technology Revolution --
Supersonic Technology Refinement, 1962-1972 --
The Agile Supersonic-Jet Revolution, 1972-1974 --
The Air-Superiority Fighter Requirement --
The F-X and VFX Competitions --
The Lightweight Fighter Competition --
Agile Supersonic Fighter Technology Refinement, 1974-1981 --
Industry Structure and Competition During the 1960s and 1970s --
The Stealth Revolution --
Industry Leaders in the Stealth Revolution --
Origins of the Stealth Revolution.
Series Title: Rand library collection.
Responsibility: Mark Lorell.
More information:

Abstract:

In its FY02 Defense Appropriations Conference Report, Congress expressed concerns about reduced competition resulting in a decline in innovation in the U.S. fixed-wing military aircraft industry. Drawing on primary and secondary sources on the aircraft industry, this report provides a brief survey of industry structure, innovation, and competition in the U.S. fixed-wing combat aircraft industry from its earliest days to the present. It supports a much larger research effort that examines the future of the U.S. military aircraft industrial base in response to the above congressional concerns. The study suggests that it is possible to identify at least five distinct technology eras over the history of fixed-wing, heavier-than-air combat aircraft, each of which began with a period of revolutionary innovation, high rates of technology advancement, and significant improvement in performance. The historical evidence suggests, but does not prove, that an industrial structure that includes numerous prime contractors is conducive to encouraging the onset of periods of higher innovation when demand changes and market conditions are right. Without such an industry structure, new Defense Department initiatives may be necessary to promote high levels of innovation. This is a companion volume to a report on the future viability of the combat aircraft industry: Competition and Innovation in the U.S. Fixed-Wing Military Aircraft Industry (Santa Monica, Calif.: RAND, MR-1656-OSD, 2003) by John Birkler, Anthony G. Brower, Jeffrey A. Drezner, Gordon Lee, Mark Lorell, Giles Smith, Fred Timson, William P.G. Trimble, and Obaid Younossi. It should be of interest to members of Congress, congressional staff members, industry executives, and others in the civilian and uniformed defense policy community interested in the future viability of the U.S. military aircraft industrial base.

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